Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Research Grant | Award Amount: 99.08K | Year: 2016
Additive Layer Manufacturing (ALM) has the potential to revolutionise the design and manufacture of hybrid joints by enabling tailored metal-composite interfaces that promote the optimal load transfer between metal and fibres. This will enable high-performance / high-endurance hybrid structures which can be manufactured via co-curing processes, i.e. consolidation in a single step without the need for secondary adhesive bonding. However, in order to achieve optimal designs a high-fidelity modelling strategy is necessary. This project will develop and validate modelling strategies to: 1. Predict the detailed meso-scale structure of hybrid metal-composite materials after manufacture and consolidation, including local fibre orientation with respect to metallic surface protrusions. These methodologies will be validated against micro-CT scans of real specimens. 2. Resolve stresses at the level of individual tows/yarns and protrusions, accounting for thermal residual stresses and stresses due to externally applied loads. These data will provide an initial measure of the quality results can be used in the development of load path-based optimisation at the micro- or meso-scale levels 3. Analyse joint strength and damage/fracture propagation properties due to combinations of quasi-static, impact and cyclic loading. Validate the methodologies against mechanical tests on real specimens. In a broader sense, this research introduces two new concepts for the design of hybrid metal-composite structures, namely: 1. Performance-driven design, with performance being evaluated at the level of individual material constituents (i.e. fibres, matrices and metals), considering realistic micro-structures obtained via in-depth knowledge of the manufacturing process. 2. Enabling the optimisation of damage tolerant designs where the objective measure of performance is related to both damage initiation and evolution. Due to time and resource constraints this First Grant research will enable the development of the virtual testing capability only, while the development of a closed-loop optimisation technique will be the focus of future work.
Agency: GTR | Branch: EPSRC | Program: | Phase: Training Grant | Award Amount: 4.28M | Year: 2014
Condensed matter physics is a major underpinning area of science and technology. For example, the physics of electrons in solids underpins much of modern technology and will continue to do so for the foreseeable future. We propose to create a Centre for Doctoral Training (CDT) which will address the national need to develop researchers equipped with the skill sets and perspective to make worldwide impact in this area. The research themes covered address some very fundamental questions in science such as the physics of superconductors, novel magnetic materials, single atomic layer crystals, plasmonic structures, and metamaterials, and also more applied topics in the power electronics, optoelectronics and sensor development fields. There are strong connections between fundamental and applied condensed matter physics. The goal of the Centre is to provide high calibre graduates with a focussed but comprehensive training programme in the most important physical aspects of these important materials, from intelligent design (first principles electronic structure calculations and modelling), via cutting-edge materials synthesis, characterisation and sophisticated instrumentation, through to identification and realisation of exciting new applications. In addition programme development will emphasise transferable skills including business & enterprise, outreach and communication. As stated in the impact section, physics-dependent businesses are of major importance to the UK economy.
Renishaw | Date: 2015-08-06
A method is described for determining brain shift, such as the brain shift that occurs following a neurosurgical intervention. The method comprises taking a first image of the brain (
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: MSCA-ITN-ETN | Phase: MSCA-ITN-2014-ETN | Award Amount: 3.36M | Year: 2015
Enabling Excellence offers integral R&D training at PhD level around one of the most active and exciting topics at the forefront of nanoscience and nanotechnology, graphene-based nanostructures and materials. We propose a training experience built on three interrelated pillars, namely COMPREHENSION AND CONTROL, COMMERCE, and COMMUNICATION. *Comprehension & Control* covers fundamental knowledge of the nano-objects, the development of functionalities and processing into macroscopic advanced materials and devices, accompanied by a broad set of characterization techniques, to understand the interrelation between local and global properties and the requirements for functional end products. *Commerce* aims at market-ready graphene-based materials and commercial local probe Raman/AFM systems for routine quality control of graphene products. This is accompanied by innovative measures for start-up development and pitching to venture capitalists. *Communication* is the unique keystone in Enabling Excellence. The project is a novel experiment to find how best to develop the communication skills in our ESRs, creating optimum conditions under which they are best able to flourish. The results will serve as a model adaptable to European training and research at all levels. Enabling Excellence is formed by five partners from academic institutions and four private companies specialized in the above mentioned fields spanning TRL1-9. They offer a common and highly complementary modular structured training programme. During 468 ESR months we will address the need in Europe for nanocarbon specialists, training a new generation of highly skilled interdisciplinary clear thinking researchers. We will develop in these young people creativity, confidence and the ability to communicate with the most eminent scientists, technologists and business people. Enabling Excellence will equip them with the tools and self-belief necessary to maximize their potential in their future careers.
Agency: Cordis | Branch: H2020 | Program: RIA | Phase: ICT-24-2015 | Award Amount: 8.36M | Year: 2016
Due to an aging population and the spiralling cost of brain disease in Europe and beyond, EDEN2020 aims to develop the gold standard for one-stop diagnosis and minimally invasive treatment in neurosurgery. Supported by a clear business case, it will exploit the unique track record of leading research institutions and key industrial players in the field of surgical robotics to overcome the current technological barriers that stand in the way of real clinical impact. EDEN2020 will provide a step change in the modelling, planning and delivery of diagnostic sensors and therapies to the brain via flexible surgical access, with an initial focus on cancer therapy. It will engineer a family of steerable catheters for chronic disease management that can be robotically deployed and kept in situ for extended periods. The system will feature enhanced autonomy, surgeon cooperation, targeting proficiency and fault tolerance with a suite of technologies that are commensurate to the unique challenges of neurosurgery. Amongst these, the system will be able to sense and perceive intraoperative, continuously deforming, brain anatomy at unmatched accuracy, precision and update rates, and deploy a range of diagnostic optical sensors with the potential to revolutionise todays approach to brain disease management. By modelling and predicting drug diffusion within the brain with unprecedented fidelity, EDEN2020 will contribute to the wider clinical challenge of extending and enhancing the quality of life of cancer patients with the ability to plan therapies around delicate tissue structures and with unparalleled delivery accuracy. EDEN2020 is strengthened by a significant industrial presence, which is embedded within the entire R&D process to enforce best practices and maximise translation and the exploitation of project outputs. As it aspires to impact the state of the art and consolidate the position of European industrial robotics, it will directly support the Europe 2020 Strategy.