RenaultSamsung Technical Center

Yongin si, South Korea

RenaultSamsung Technical Center

Yongin si, South Korea

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Yang S.M.,RenaultSamsung Technical Center | Kim J.H.,RenaultSamsung Technical Center
International Journal of Automotive Technology | Year: 2012

For a 6-dof (degrees of freedom) nonlinear vehicle dynamics model and its related VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) program, which were recently derived and coded by the authors, validations are carried out under the constant radius turn manoeuvre. This model has the uniqueness that the longitudinal translation, lateral translation and yaw rotation of a platform are described by an inertial ground coordinate system and the body-roll, body-pitch, and body-yaw rotations by a platform-fixed coordinate system. The simplified STI tire model is applied for the calculation of combined longitudinal and lateral tire forces. Vehicles used in the calculation are a NISSAN DATSUN 210 (manufactured in 1980) and a HONDA ACCORD (1984). The calculation results of the present 6-dof model are compared with the published test data and those of a simpler 3-dof lateral dynamic equation based on another coordinate system. As a result of the comparison, the present 6-dof results agree very well with those of the 3-dof model and give a partial consistency with the test data. © 2012 The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.


Yang S.M.,RenaultSamsung Technical Center | Kim J.H.,RenaultSamsung Technical Center
International Journal of Automotive Technology | Year: 2011

Nonlinear governing equations used to analyze the handling of a ground vehicle are derived from the Lagrange equations of motion. The derived equations are coded using VBA (Visual Basic for Applications) embedded in Microsoft's Excel Software and simulated in the time domain using the 4th-order Runge-Kutta method. A total of six degrees of freedom are used in the equations; three of these are the directional translation, lateral translation, and yaw of a platform (unsprung) on the base of an inertial ground coordinate, and the other three are the roll, pitch, and yaw of a body (sprung) by a platform-fixed coordinate. Four driving torques and four wheel angles of all tires are used as input control parameters. A simplified Calspan tire model is adopted for the generalized forces of the equations. This is a combined model that can be used to obtain tractional (or braking) and side forces using the inputs of the directional and side-slip ratios and the vertical force. The VBA code realized in this study is validated by comparisons with trimmed equilibrium results and the test data cited in published papers. The major characteristics of this study are: (1) the coordinate systems of the equations are mixed with the inertial frame and the platform-fixed frame, and, as a result, almost all types of driving conditions with long mileages can be simulated; (2) vertical movement is eliminated due the focus on the handling analysis; (3) the body-yaw degree of freedom is separated from the platform-yaw degree of freedom; and (4) the programming is performed by VBA, which is rarely used in the vehicle dynamics field. © 2011 The Korean Society of Automotive Engineers and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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