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Delft, Netherlands

Rademakers L.M.,Catharina Hospital | Van Gelder B.M.,Catharina Hospital | Scheffer M.G.,Reinier de Graaf Hospital | Bracke F.A.,Catharina Hospital
Heart Rhythm | Year: 2014

Background: Endocardial left ventricular (LV) pacing for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has been proposed as an alternative to traditional LV transvenous epicardial pacing with equal or superior cardiac performance. The risks of cerebral thromboembolism and possible interference with mitral valve function moderate its clinical application. Objective: The purpose of this study was to investigate cerebral thromboembolic complications after LV endocardial lead placement. Mitral regurgitation (MR) was the secondary outcome measure. Methods: CRT candidates with a failed coronary sinus approach or nonresponders to conventional CRT underwent endocardial LV lead implantation (45 atrial transseptal, 6 transapical). Coumarin was prescribed with a targeted international normalized ratio between 3.5 and 4.5. Patient records were checked and general practitioners were contacted regarding cerebral thromboembolic complications. MR was evaluated by echocardiography at baseline and after 6 months. Results: In 7 patients, 6 ischemic strokes and 2 transient ischemic attacks occurred, corresponding to 6.1 thromboembolic events per 100 patient-years (95% confidence interval 3.4-15.8). One patient refused hospital admission; all other patients had a subtherapeutic anticoagulation level at the time of the event. No major bleeding complications occurred. There was no change in the grade of MR (grade 2, P = .727) after 6 months. Conclusion: Endocardial LV lead placement in patients with advanced heart failure is associated with thromboembolic risk. However, all but 1 patient had a subtherapeutic level of anticoagulation. Endocardial LV lead placement is not associated with aggravation of MR. © 2014 Heart Rhythm Society. All rights reserved.

Baalbergen A.,Reinier de Graaf Hospital | Helmerhorst T.J.M.,Erasmus Medical Center
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer | Year: 2014

Objective: This study aimed to review literature if therapeutic strategies in adenocarcinoma in situ of the cervix could lead to a more conservative approach. Methods: A review of the literature was conducted using a Medline search for articles published between 1966 and 2013. Results: Thirty-five studies showed that after a radical cone, 16.5% residual disease in the re-cone or uterus was found. After cone with positive margins, residual abnormalities were found in 49.3%. Thirty-seven studies showed 5% recurrence rate after conservative therapy (large loop excision transformation zone-cold knife conization. After conization with negative margins, the risk of recurrence was 3%. Conclusions: Adenocarcinoma in situ is a relatively rare premalignant but increasingly frequent lesion of the cervix. Although there is a risk of relapse (3%) with a chance of malignancy (<1%), this risk is so small that conservative treatment with negative margins by large loop excision transformation zone or cold knife conization is justified and justifiable not only for women to have children. Copyright © 2014 by IGCS and ESGO.

Jansen T.C.,Erasmus Medical Center | Van Bommel J.,Erasmus Medical Center | Schoonderbeek F.J.,Ikazia Hospital | Sleeswijk Visser S.J.,Reinier de Graaf Hospital | And 4 more authors.
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine | Year: 2010

Rationale: It is unknown whether lactate monitoring aimed to decrease levels during initial treatment in critically ill patients improves outcome. Objectives: To assess the effect of lactate monitoring and resuscitation directed at decreasing lactate levels in intensive care unit (ICU) patients admitted with a lactate level of greater than or equal to 3.0 mEq/L. Methods: Patients were randomly allocated to two groups. In the lactate group, treatment was guided by lactate levels with the objective to decrease lactate by 20% or more per 2 hours for the initial 8 hours of ICU stay. In the control group, the treatment team had no knowledge of lactate levels (except for the admission value) during this period. The primary outcome measure was hospital mortality. Measurements and Main Results: The lactate group received more fluids and vasodilators. However, there were no significant differences in lactate levels between the groups. In the intention-to-treat population (348 patients), hospital mortality in the control group was 43.5% (77/177) compared with 33.9% (58/171) in the lactate group (P = 0.067). When adjusted for predefined risk factors, hospital mortality was lower in the lactate group (hazard ratio, 0.61; 95% confidence interval, 0.43-0.87; P = 0.006). In the lactate group, Sequential Organ Failure Assessment scores were lower between 9 and 72 hours, inotropes could be stopped earlier, and patients could be weaned from mechanical ventilation and discharged from the ICU earlier. Conclusions: In patients with hyperlactatemia on ICU admission, lactate-guided therapy significantly reduced hospital mortality when adjusting for predefined risk factors. As this was consistent with important secondary endpoints, this study suggests that initial lactate monitoring has clinical benefit. Clinical trial registered with www.clinicaltrials.gov (NCT00270673).

Baalbergen A.,Reinier de Graaf Hospital | Smedts F.,Reinier de Graaf Hospital | Helmerhorst T.J.M.,Erasmus Medical Center
International Journal of Gynecological Cancer | Year: 2011

Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the treatment and follow-up in a large series of women with early cervical adenocarcinoma (AC), stages IA1 and IA2, and to perform an extensive review of the literature in an effort to ascertain whether conservative therapy is justified. Methods: Records of 59 cases of microinvasive AC diagnosed between 1987 and 2006 in the Rotterdam district, the Netherlands, were retrieved. Clinical and pathological data were reviewed and analyzed. A mesh review of all relevant literature concerning stage IA1 and IA2 was performed. Results: Of all patients, 33 had stage IA1 and 26 stage IA2 cervical AC. Also, 42 patients were treated conservatively (ie, conization or simple hysterectomy) and 17 patients were treated radically (ie, radical hysterectomy/trachelectomy with lymph node dissection). Recurrence occurred in 1 patient (1.7%) with stage IA1 disease (grade 1 adenocarcinoma, depth 1.4 mm, and width 3.8 mm, with lymph vascular space involvement [LVSI]) treated by vaginal hysterectomy. The mean follow-up was 79.9 months. From the literature, pooling all data from patients with stage IA1 and IA2 AC, the risk of recurrent disease was 1.5% after conservative therapy and 2.0% after radical therapy. Conclusions: Extensive treatment such as radical hysterectomy with pelvic lymph node dissection or trachelectomy does not prevent recurrent disease. Patients with microinvasive AC should be treated identically to patients with SCC. In stage IA1 and IA2 AC, we recommend conservative therapy (by conization). In cases with LVSI, an additional lymphadenectomy is advised. For patients with stage IA2 AC with LVSI, a trachelectomy/radical hysterectomy with lymph node dissection should be considered. Copyright © 2011 by IGCS and ESGO.

van Koeveringe M.P.,Reinier de Graaf Hospital | Brouwer R.E.,Reinier de Graaf Hospital
Netherlands Journal of Medicine | Year: 2010

We describe a case of haemophagocytic syndrome caused by Histoplasma capsulatum reactivation in a patient with chronic lymphocytic leukaemia treated with fludarabine and alemtuzumab. He presented with fever, pancytopenia, increased serum ferritin, lactate dehydrogenase and soluble interleukin-2 receptor. A bone marrow aspirate showed haemophagocytosis and possibly a yeast infection. Treatment with cyclosporine, dexamethasone, etoposide and caspofungin was started. After initial improvement his condition deteriorated. A second bone marrow examination confirmed a Histoplasma infection. After treatment with amphotericin B, the fever resolved and blood counts normalised. Haemophagocytic syndrome is a critical condition with high mortality that requires immunosuppressive therapy. The underlying cause should be investigated and treated. In this case a Histoplasma reactivation is described in a severely immunocompromised host years after the patient had left the endemic area. © Van Zuiden Communications B.V. All rights reserved.

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