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Del Nogal-Avila M.,University of Alcala | Del Nogal-Avila M.,Reina Sofia Institutute of Nephrology Research IRSIN | Troyano-Suarez N.,University of Alcala | Troyano-Suarez N.,Reina Sofia Institutute of Nephrology Research IRSIN | And 11 more authors.
International Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology | Year: 2013

Activation of the insulin growth factor receptor-1 signaling pathways has been largely related to the aging process. Amadori products are produced in pathological conditions such as diabetes and aging, and are potentially involved in diabetic nephropathy or age-associated decline of renal function. We hypothesize that Amadori products induce senescence in primary human mesangial cells through the activation of IGF-1 receptor and investigate, in the present work, the intracellular mechanism involved after this activation. We treated cultured human mesangial cells with glycated albumin, one of the most abundant Amadori product, and senescence was assessed by determining the senescence associated β-galactosidase activity and the expression of the cell cycle regulators p53 and p21. We demonstrated that prolonged exposition (more than 24 h) to glycated albumin induced senescence and, in parallel, incremented the release of IGF-1 and the activation of the IGF-1 receptor. Inhibition of the IGF-1 activation prevented the GA induced senescence. Activation of IGF-1R, after GA addition, promoted a reduction in the catalase content through the constitutive activation of Ras and erk1/2 proteins which were, in turn, responsible of the observed GA-induced senescence. In conclusion, we propose that the Amadori product, glycated albumin, promotes premature cell senescence in mesangial cells through the activation of the IGF-1 receptor and the subsequent reduction in the antioxidant enzyme catalase. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. Source

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