Zagra L.,Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi |
Anasetti F.,Motion Analysis Laboratory |
Bianchi L.,Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi |
Licari V.,Rehabilitation Unit |
Giacometti Ceroni R.,Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi
Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research | Year: 2013
Background: Larger femoral heads are commonly presumed to improve joint stability and hip biomechanics; some studies have suggested they may hasten recovery of a normal gait. To our knowledge, no gait analysis studies have compared different size head diameters in THA. Questions/purposes: We compared (1) spatiotemporal gait parameters, (2) kinematic and kinetic gait parameters, and (3) Harris hip scores in patients undergoing THA randomized to receive a 28-, 36-, or ≥ 42-mm bearing couple. We hypothesized a larger femoral head would restore an earlier, more physiologic gait pattern. Methods: This randomized, blinded study involved 60 patients who received the same cementless THA except for the size of the bearing. Inclusion criteria were primary hip arthritis, female sex, and age between 55 and 70 years. Exclusion criteria were other problems influencing walking ability. The patients were randomized into three groups of 20 each (28- and 36-mm ceramic-on-crosslinked polyethylene, ≥ 42-mm metal-on-metal). All patients underwent the same postoperative rehabilitation protocol. Gait evaluation using an optoelectronic system was performed preoperatively and at 2 and 4 months postoperatively. Results: With the numbers available, no differences in spatiotemporal gait parameters, kinematic or kinetic gait parameters, or Harris hip scores emerged among the three groups. All variables assessed at 4 months postoperatively showed improvements across all groups, but the differences among them were not significant. Conclusions: The hypothesis that a larger femoral head results in improved early gait performance was not supported by this study. Level of Evidence: Level I, therapeutic study. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. © 2013 The Association of Bone and Joint Surgeons®.
Chiappedi M.,Rehabilitation Unit
Italian journal of pediatrics | Year: 2010
Corpus callosum agenesis is a relatively common brain malformation. It can be isolated or included in a complex alteration of brain (or sometimes even whole body) morphology. It has been associated with a number of neuropsychiatric disorders, from subtle neuropsychological deficits to Pervasive Developmental Disorders.Etiology and pathogenetic mechanisms have been better understood in recent years, due to the availability of more adequate animal models and the relevant progresses in developmental neurosciences. These recent findings are reviewed (through a MedLine search including papers published in the last 5 years and most relevant previously published papers) in view of the potential impact on children's global functioning and on the possible rehabilitative treatment, with an emphasis on the possibility to exploit brain plasticity and on the use of the ICF-CY framework.
Forner-Cordero I.,Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Specialist |
Munoz-Langa J.,University of Valencia |
Forner-Cordero A.,Bioengineering Group |
Demiguel-Jimeno J.M.,Rehabilitation Unit
Annals of Surgical Oncology | Year: 2010
Background: Many studies have reported the benefits of Decongestive treatment in patients with breast-cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) but few have study what are the predictive factors of response. Methods: We performed a prospective, multicenter controlled cohort study of 171 patients with BCRL to identify independent predictive factors of response to decongestive treatment (CDT). Demographic data and clinical and lymphedema characteristics were collected prospectively. The end point was the "percentage reduction in excess volume (PREV)." Volumes were measured prior and at the end of CDT. Factors associated with response (PREV) were tested in univariate and multivariate analyses using linear regression techniques. Results: Median age was 60.4 years (range 32-84); mean lymphedema chronicity 4 years [95% confidence interval (95% CI): 3.1-5.0]; mean baseline excess volume (EV) was 936 mL (95% CI: 846-1026), and mean percentage EV was 35.3% (95% CI: 32.0-38.7); compliance to bandages was good in 81.3% of patients. PREV was 71.7% (95% CI: 65.2-78.2). After univariate screening, 11 variables were found to be associated with PREV but only 4 variables were independent predictive factors of response to CDT in the multivariate analysis: Venous insufficiency, percentage of EV (the higher the EV, the lower the reduction with CDT); compliance to bandages (a good compliance improved PREV in 25%), and treatment in autumn (better results than during the rest of the year). Conclusions: This study shows that compliance to bandages during CDT is one of the most important predictors of response. Moreover, data support the idea that more severe lymphedemas have a worse response to treatment, and it should be recommended in early stages. The association between the season of treatment and response was also very strong, so weather conditions are an additional factor that must be taken into account in further studies. © 2009 Society of Surgical Oncology.
Beccaro M.,Care Network |
Caraceni A.,Rehabilitation Unit |
Costantini M.,Care Network
Journal of Pain and Symptom Management | Year: 2010
Context: A number of studies have highlighted the poor quality of end-of-life (EOL) care provided in hospital settings, leading to a reduction in the quality of EOL care and increase in patient and caregiver dissatisfaction levels. Objectives: The aims of this study were the evaluation of the prevalence of major symptoms, treatment, outcomes, information, and care provided to dying cancer patients in Italian hospitals; and an analysis of clinical and socio-demographic factors associated with caregiver satisfaction with the health care provided. Methods: This is a mortality follow-back survey of 2,000 cancer deaths representative of the country. Caregivers were interviewed about patients' experiences by using a tailored version of the View of Informal Carers-Evaluation of Services questionnaire. Results: Valid interviews were obtained for 84% (n = 364) of the cancer patients who died in hospital. Most Italian cancer patients dying in hospital suffered from a number of untreated or poorly treated symptoms, and only a few reported an acceptable control over physical suffering. Moreover, only two-thirds of patients and one-third of caregivers received basic information on therapies and care. About one-third of the caregivers expressed dissatisfaction with the health care received. The probability of being satisfied was more likely for caregivers of patients living in the north of Italy; caregivers of patients who had not experienced or were only slightly distressed by fatigue; and caregivers who were generally satisfied with hospital facilities and when the health care professionals had provided appropriate information to both patients and caregivers. Conclusion: This study revealed poor quality of EOL care in Italian hospitals, with almost one-third of the caregivers expressing their clear dissatisfaction. A national policy is, therefore, urgently called for to improve the quality of EOL care in Italian hospitals. © 2010 U.S. Cancer Pain Relief Committee.
Welin L.,Stroke Unit |
Bjalkefur K.,Rehabilitation Unit |
Roland I.,Stroke Unit
Stroke | Year: 2010
Background and purpose: Although care in stroke units has improved outcome in stroke patients, it is less clear whether specialized outpatient care after stroke can further improve the prognosis. We therefore conducted a pilot study comparing specialized long-term care with usual care after a first stroke. Methods: During a 2-year period, 549 patients were discharged alive from our stroke unit. Eighty-one patients were randomized to follow-up care at the stroke outpatient clinic (intervention group), and 82 patients were randomized to follow-up care with their general practitioner (control group). Results: No differences in baseline variables were noted between the 2 groups. At the 12-month visit, there were no significant differences between the groups with respect to handicap, depression, and perceived health. During 3.5 years of follow-up, no differences in mortality, stroke recurrence rate, and unplanned hospitalizations were observed between the groups. Conclusions: In this small pilot study, specialized follow-up service for stroke patients was not superior to "usual care.". Copyright © 2010 American Heart Association. All rights reserved.