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Hainan, China

Carota A.,Rehabilitation Center | Bogousslavsky J.,Center for Brain and Nervous System Disorders
Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience

Mood disorders occurring after stroke are a major concern to public health as they are frequent, difficult to diagnose and to treat, and have high impact on the quality of life of patients and caregivers. The association of manic symptoms (rare) in the acute phase of stroke with strategic locations within the right hemisphere is clinically significant. However, the link among poststroke depression and anxiety (most prevalent), brain circuitries, clinical signs and individual psychological factors is not yet disentangled. The involvement of too many variables produces methodological difficulties and, therefore, the findings of a great number of studies are not systematically replicated. Thus, there is a need for research in this area of stroke medicine. Investigations on poststroke mood disorders might increase insight into the pathogenesis of mood disorders (which share the same clinical profile) occurring in people without brain lesions. Copyright © 2012 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Vandenborre D.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel | Vandenborre D.,Rehabilitation Center | van Dun K.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel | Marien P.,Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Brain and Cognition

Objectives: Apraxic agraphia (AA) is a peripheral writing disorder generally considered to result from a causative lesion in the parietal and/or prefrontal lobe of the language dominant hemisphere (De Smet, Engelborghs, Paquier, De Deyn, & Mariën, 2011). De Smet et al. (2011), however, confirmed that AA might be associated with lesions outside the typical language areas such as the cerebellum or the thalamus. We report a 32-year-old ambidextrous patient with a left frontal lobectomy who following bilateral thalamic damage developed AA. Method: Detailed neurolinguistic and neurocognitive test results were obtained after resection of an extensive left frontal lobe tumour by means of a set of standardised tests. Repeated investigations were performed after a bithalamic stroke. Functional imaging was performed by means of quantified SPECT. Results: Normal neurolinguistic test results were obtained after tumour resection. Neurocognitive test results, however, showed a dysexecutive syndrome and frontal behavioural deficits, including response inhibition. AA occurred after a bithalamic stroke while non-handwriting written language skills, such as typing, were normal. Quantified SPECT showed a significant bifrontal hypoperfusion. Conclusion: Neurolinguistic follow-up findings and SPECT evidence in this unique patient with bithalamic damage for the first time indicate that AA in the alphabetic script may result from diaschisis affecting the frontal writing centre. The findings suggest that the thalamus is critically implicated in the neural network subserving graphomotor processing. © 2015 Elsevier Inc. Source

Ambrosini E.,Polytechnic of Milan | Ferrante S.,Polytechnic of Milan | Pedrocchi A.,Polytechnic of Milan | Ferrigno G.,Polytechnic of Milan | Molteni F.,Rehabilitation Center

Background and Purpose- This study assessed whether cycling induced by functional electrical stimulation (FES) was more effective than passive cycling with placebo stimulation in promoting motor recovery and walking ability in postacute hemiparetic patients. Methods- In a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial, 35 patients were included and randomized to receive FES-induced cycling training or placebo FES cycling. The 4-week treatment consisted of 20 sessions lasting 25 minutes each. Primary outcome measures included the leg subscale of the Motricity Index and gait speed during a 50-meter walking test. Secondary outcomes were the Trunk Control Test, the Upright Motor Control Test, the mean work produced by the paretic leg, and the unbalance in mechanical work between paretic and nonparetic legs during voluntary pedaling. Participants were evaluated before training, after training, and at 3- to 5-month follow-up visits. Results- No significant differences were found between groups at baseline. Repeated-measures ANOVA (P<0.05) revealed significant increases in Motricity Index, Trunk Control Test, Upright Motor Control Test, gait speed, and mean work of the paretic leg after training and at follow-up assessments for FES-treated patients. No outcome measures demonstrated significant improvements after training in the placebo group. Both groups showed no significant differences between assessments after training and at follow-up. A main effect favoring FES-treated patients was demonstrated by repeated-measures ANCOVA for Motricity Index (P<0.001), Trunk Control Test (P=0.001), Upright Motor Control Test (P=0.005), and pedaling unbalance (P=0.038). Conclusions- The study demonstrated that 20 sessions of FES cycling training significantly improved lower extremity motor functions and accelerated the recovery of overground locomotion in postacute hemiparetic patients. Improvements were maintained at follow-up. © 2011 American Heart Association. All rights reserved. Source

The famous Russian neurologist Vladimir Mikhailovic Bekhterev (1857-1927) was ordered to examine Josef Stalin in December 1927 during the First All-Russian Neurological Congress in Moscow. Returning to the Congress after his consultation he told some colleagues that he had 'examined a paranoiac with a dry, small hand'. The next day, Bekhterev died and only his brain was examined postmortem, the body being cremated the same day. Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel. Source

Crawled News Article
Site: http://www.scientificamerican.com

Let's get this out of the way — if dogs could talk they probably wouldn’t say, “Please sign me up to spend time at an animal shelter.” Animal shelters are typically not thought of as light-hearted, jolly places. Fine. I’ll give you that. I mean, who can forget that Sarah McLachlan commercial featuring her most heart-wrenching song playing alongside the most heart-wrenching images of sad, sad companion animals. Just punch me in the heart why don’t you? Apparently even Sarah McLachlan can’t stomach it. But if the only thing you associate with animal rescue is pain and suffering, then you've got it all wrong. Developments are taking over the animal welfare field at record speed, and they benefit the animals who come into shelters, how they are cared for, and how they are placed into new homes. The science-based techniques being tested and implemented are good for companion animals, shelter staff and volunteers, and adopters. What I’m saying is there’s a heck of a lot of love that goes on in animal sheltering and rescue, but there’s also a heck of a lot of science. Two upcoming documentaries, the first on Saturday, April 16, and the second in May, highlight some of this extraordinary work. SECOND CHANCE DOGS on Animal Planet, Saturday, April 16 at 9:00 am Eastern/Pacific Meet six dogs rescued from horrible conditions and given a chance for a happy life. Through innovative care, ASPCA’s experts at the Behavioral Rehabilitation Center, currently in New Jersey, help fearful dogs heal and become suitable for adoption into loving homes. The ASPCA's rehabilitation program, led by Kristin Collins, ACAAB, will revolutionize the care and treatment of fear in dogs. SHELTER ME: HEARTS & PAWS on PBS, May 2016, check website for date and time This episode is hosted by Kristen Bell and features award-winning artist Patrick McDonnell, creator of the popular MUTTS comic strip. With his pen and sketch pad, Patrick looks inside Animal Care Centers of New York City (ACC) and finds inspiring stories. Meet the staff and volunteers at ACC and see the new techniques they're using to help dogs and cats get ready for adoption. Also in the episode, Oakland Animal Services partners with the country's first cat café to get cats adopted. Over the next few posts on Dog Spies, I’ll cover some of the recent developments in animal sheltering and welfare. In my next post, find out why the ASPCA’s Behavior Rehabilitation Center at St. Hubert’s Animal Welfare Center in Madison, New Jersey is not only helping the dogs who walk through its doors, it’s changing how we work with and care for fearful and undersocialized dogs. I can’t encourage you enough to tune into Second Chance Dogs this Saturday on Animal Planet at 9:00 am Eastern/Pacific and Shelter Me: Hearts & Paws in May. Or maybe I can. Tune in.

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