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Sammichele di Bari, Italy

Bisceglia L.,Direzione Generale ARPA Puglia | Giua R.,Direzione Generale ARPA Puglia | Morabito A.,Direzione Generale ARPA Puglia | Serinelli M.,Direzione Generale ARPA Puglia | And 4 more authors.
Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia | Year: 2010

Introduction: In 2009 the limit value of benzo(a)pyrene (BaP) in ambient air of 1.0 ng/m3 has been exceeded in the urban district of Taranto near to the industrial area, where a several large plants are located, including an integrated cycle steel plant. Objective: To identify emission sources and quantify relative contribution to the PAHs levels; to estimate health impact associated to PAHs exposure in general population. Methods: Multivariate receptor models have been used. Concentration of PAHs measured in 4 location in Taranto in 2008-2009 have been analyzed. 5 different models estimated profiles of unknown sources and identified significant chemical species. To compute the lung cancer risk the WHO unit risk estimate for BaP (8.7 × 10-5 ng/m3) has been adopted. Results: Models employed identify 3 to 4 emission sources. Estimated profiles have been compared with measured ones. Based on the average annual BaP level measured (1.3 ng/m3), 2 attributable cancer cases in the district Taranto population are estimated to result from a life-time exposure. Conclusions: Among different emissive sources, the analysis identifies theoretical sources whose profiles, compared with observed data, allow to identify dominant contributions to PAHs pollution and to design corrective actions to reduce environmental and health impact. © PI-ME, Pavia 2010. Source

the purpose of this study is to assess the potential health impact of the start-up of a new incinerator in general population living near the facility in Modugno, province of Bari (Puglia Region, Italy), in combination with the existent Combined-Cycle combustion Gas Turbine (CCGT) power generation facility. an algorithm was used to calculate the number of cases (deaths and hospital admissions) associated with a given concentrations of PM10, the exposed population, the specific mortality/morbidity rate. For every health end-point, an estimate of RR was obtained from the literature. Using PM10 as tracer, simulations were made of incinerator emissions fallout. Residents within 2 km radius from the plants were considered. with the reduction of the average concentration of PM10 to 40 μg/m(3), 0.12% of natural causes of death could be prevented. Proportionally, the increment in PM10 concentration of 1 μg/m(3) could be associated to 0.02% of deaths. the estimated health impact of the incinerator emissions doesn't modify the epidemiological profile for the population living nearby. Source

Galise I.,Registro Tumori Puglia | Rashid I.,Registro Tumori Puglia | Cuccaro F.,Registro Tumori Puglia | Bisceglia L.,Registro Tumori Puglia | And 8 more authors.
Tumori | Year: 2013

Aims and background. A regional population-based cancer registry that provides incidence and survival data has become active only recently. Since it is important to know the time trends of basic epidemiological indicators to understand the cancer burden in the region, this paper will provide incidence, prevalence and mortality estimates in the region for seven major cancers for the period 1970-2015. Methods. The estimates were obtained by applying the MIAMOD method, a statistical back-calculation approach to derive incidence and prevalence figures starting from mortality and relative survival data. Survival was modeled on the basis of published data from the Italian cancer registries. Results. The incidence rates are estimated to be still increasing for female breast cancer, colorectal cancer in men and skin melanoma in both sexes. By contrast, the incidence rates indicate a decreasing trend for cervix uteri cancer and stomach cancer, the latter both in men and women. For these cancers an analogous trend is observed for mortality, confirming the reduction of the risk factors related to these cancer types. The incidence rates for lung cancer and prostate cancer in men were estimated to rise, reach a peak, and then decrease in the last part of the considered period. Prevalence increased for all the considered cancers except cervix cancer. The increase was striking for breast cancer and less pronounced for stomach cancer in both genders. Conclusion. This paper provides a description of the burden of the major cancers until 2015. The results highlight the need to reinforce effective preventive measures to contrast cancers related to an unhealthy lifestyle and to increase the compliance with organized screening programs to reduce the colorectal and breast cancer burden. Source

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