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Vittoria RG, Italy

Viola F.,University of Palermo | Sapiano M.,Sustainable Energy and Water Conservation Unit | Schembri M.,Sustainable Energy and Water Conservation Unit | Brincat C.,Sustainable Energy and Water Conservation Unit | And 9 more authors.
Water Resources | Year: 2014

This work analyses the state of water resources in six Mediterranean islands: Corsica, Crete, Cyprus, Mallorca, Malta and Sicily. The analysis is focused on the prevailing social, economic and hydroclimatological characteristics of these islands in order to identify the main common features affecting water availability, demand and use. A detailed analysis of the state of water resources in all the considered islands has been carried out. A background of current conditions relating to freshwater availability, quality and use has been established. Different strategies to face water scarcity and enhance water quality in theislands have been assessed in a context of climate change which is a common threat. The identification of similar problems for all the islands highlights the importance of strengthening inter-islands co-operation in the field of sustainable water resources management. © 2014, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Faccoli M.,University of Padua | Campo G.,Laboratorio Of Difesa Fitosanitaria | Perrotta G.,Regione Siciliana | Rassati D.,University of Padua
Zootaxa | Year: 2016

In summer 2014, the bark beetle Hypocryphalus scabricollis (Eichhoff) and the ambrosia beetle Xyleborus bispinatus Eichhoff, species new to Italy and Europe, respectively, were found for the first time in south-eastern Sicily (Italy). Large infestations of the two species were recorded in many plantations of common fig (Ficus carica L.) both in 2014 and 2015. Data concerning insect characteristics, taxonomy, and distribution are briefly reported. Copyright © 2016 Magnolia Press.

Lombardo S.,University of Catania | Colombo A.,Regione Siciliana | Rapisarda C.,University of Catania
Redia | Year: 2011

The root-knot nematode Meloidogyne artiellia Franklin has been reported in various Italian regions on host plants belonging to the families Graminaceae, Leguminosae and Cruciferae, on which it is responsible for severe yield losses. It had never been detected in Sicily. In spring 2008, the nematode was found in different legume and cereal fields in the area of Caltagirone (province of Catania, Sicily). Fields infested with the nematode showed patches of stunted, chlorotic, withered and dwarfed plants. Moreover, ears of wheat were small and kernels appeared dried; finally, roots were scrubby. Infected plants were durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.), barley (Hordeum vulgare L.), chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.), broad bean (Vicia faba L.), lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) and vetch (Vicia sativa L.) Root observations showed brownings, small galls and mature females bearing egg masses and larvae at root bifurcations.

Zangara G.,National Research Council Italy | Valentino F.,National Research Council Italy | Piceno A.,Regione Siciliana | Di Blasi F.,National Research Council Italy
Proceedings of the IADIS International Conference e-Health 2011, Part of the IADIS Multi Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems 2011, MCCSIS 2011 | Year: 2011

The health situation in Western Balkan countries, especially Albania, is poor and yet improving, as the rest of the Balkan area. The 'Welfare and Health Cooperation in the Balkans' project is focused on the health care area in order to optimise resources and increase the quality of Public Health Service. The system we are developing consists of a communication environment based on state-of-the-art communication technologies and networks for shared management of knowledge. As a result, a network will be created to exchange best practices, and promote innovative learning and training programmes. © 2011 IADIS.

Lombardo S.,University of Catania | Colombo A.,Regione Siciliana | Rapisarda C.,University of Catania
Redia | Year: 2011

A survey was conducted in Sicily, from 2007 to 2009, to obtain insights on specific composition, frequency and geographical distribution of cyst nematodes associated to crops of agricultural economic importance. Soil and root samples were collected mainly from crops showing chlorosis, poor growth and reduced yield. Cysts and larvae were extracted and identified to species level by comparative examination of morphological and morphometric characters. Confirmation of the species identity was also made by molecular analysis for some species. Seven species of the genus Heterodera Schmidt, 1871 and two of the genus Globodera Skarbilovic, 1959 were found. They were H. avenae Wollenweber, 1924, H. bifenestra Cooper, 1955, H. carotae Jones, 1950, H. goettingiana Liebscher, 1892, H. hordecalis Andersson, 1974, H. latipons Franklin, 1969 and H. schachtii Schmidt, G. rostochiensis (Wollenweber, 1923) Behrens, 1975 and G. pallida (Stone, 1973) Behrens, 1975. All species dectected are known to occur in Europe and the Mediterranean basin, but H. avenae, H. hordecalis, and H. latipons had not been reported from Sicily and H. bifenestra is a new report for Italy.

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