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Saint-André-lez-Lille, France

Le Rhun E.,Breast Unit | Le Rhun E.,Center Hospitalier et University | Tu Q.,Nancy University Hospital Center | Tu Q.,University of Lorraine | And 11 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

Melanoma is the most frequent solid tumor associated with leptomeningeal metastasis (LM). The usual diagnostic tools, that is, cytomorphological assessment of cerebro-spinal fluid (CSF) and gadolinium-enhanced MRI of the entire neuraxis both lack effectiveness. The CellSearch® Veridex technology for the detection of circulating tumor cells (CTC) in blood was designed for the follow-up and prognosis of breast, prostate, colorectal, and lung cancer, which express EpCAM markers. We have previously adapted this technology to detect malignant cells in the CSF of breast cancer LM. Our objective here was to check if this technology would also allow the detection and the enumeration of CTC in the CSF of melanoma patients presenting with LM although melanoma does not express EpCAM markers. On the occasion of the intrathecal treatment of LM in 2 melanoma patients, 5 mL of CSF and 7.5 mL of blood were collected on CellSave® Preservative Tubes and analyzed within 3 days after CSF sampling using a melanoma-dedicated kit. The CellSearch® Veridex technology was then adapted to direct enrichment, enumeration, and visualization of melanoma cells in the CSF. CD146+, HMW-MAA+, CD34-, and CD45- cells with typical morphology could be observed and enumerated sequentially with reproducible results, corresponding to CSF melanoma cells (CSFMC). In contrast to the current gold standard cytomorphological analysis, this new approach allowed a precise quantification of CSFMC in all samples concomitantly analyzed. This methodology, established on a limited volume of sample and allowing delayed processing, could prove of great interest in the diagnosis and follow-up of melanoma patients with LM. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Pape E.,Regional and University Hospital | Desmedt E.,Regional and University Hospital | Zairi F.,Regional and University Hospital | Baranzelli M.-C.,Oscar Lambret Center | And 7 more authors.
In Vivo | Year: 2012

Background: Melanoma has the highest rate of spread to the leptomeninges and the incidence of melanoma has been steadily rising. This article describes recent experience at the Lille University Hospital, between 2007 and 2011 and discusses the possibilities for treatment of leptomeningeal metastasis. Patients and Methods: Nine patients were diagnosed with leptomeningeal metastasis of melanoma. The standard criteria were used for the diagnosis. The treatment consisted of a combination of intrathecal chemotherapy, systemic chemotherapy and best supportive care. Results: The overall median survival from the time of leptomeningeal metastasis diagnosis was eight weeks (range=1-168 weeks). In two cases, the median overall survival was 104 weeks. For these patients, there was a clear benefit in intrathecal chemotherapy combined with systemic treatment. No complication was observed. Conclusion: Despite a poor prognosis, treatment of melanoma leptomeningeal metastasis is needed in order to improve the quality of life, neurological progression-free survival and overall survival of patients.

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