Regional Research Center

Amrāvati, India

Regional Research Center

Amrāvati, India
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Mandal R.N.,Regional Research Center | Bar R.,Bangabasi Morning College | Chakrabarti P.P.,Regional Research Center
Indian Journal of Natural Products and Resources | Year: 2014

Rural people of the district of Cooch Behar, West Bengal are involved in making various crafts using raw material prepared from the wetland plant known as 'Pati bet', Schumannianthus dichotomus (Roxb.) Gagnep. and they earn a considerable amount of money for livelihood. Pati, used as raw material for preparation of crafts, is obtained from the bark of pati bet stem locally christened as Bet. Bark is processed through a series of cumbersome effort blended with unique techniques for which artisans require both skill and expertise, apart from specific tools used for respective activity. 'Sital Pati', a notable and durable mat is one such important craft among other domestic articles such as hand bags, purse, hat, seat, prayer seat, school bag, hand handled fan, etc. which embody the beauty of craftsmanship. This article documents the processing of bark from pati bet and its use in making various crafts in order to protect the right of common people; which, otherwise, may lose its validity of being indigenous in course of time as supposedly to be claimed by others as their own. © 2014, National Institute of Science Communication and Information Resources (NISCAIR). All rights reserved.

Sahzad,Regional Research Center | Prakash Reddy N.C.,Indian Immunological Ltd | Shende A.N.,Indian Immunological Ltd
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2014

Respiratory and reproductive disorders in dairy animals due to various etiological agents have led to significant economic losses to dairy industry. These losses are due to abortions, metritis, retention of placenta, repeat breeding, death of animals, loss of production and trade restrictions etc. The objectives of this cross-sectional study were to detect the seroprevalence of infectious bovine rhinotracheitis (IBR, BHV-1) in dairy animals of western parts of Uttar Pradesh, India. Anti BHV-1 antibodies were measured using a commercial ELISA kit (SYANOVIR® IBR-Ab). Blood samples were collected from a total of 134 animals of different age, gender from 8 districts. Overall individual seroprevalence was 32.84%. The study revealed that BHV-1 is comparatively more widespread in cattle (46.51%) than buffalo (35.28%). Comparison of different sex groups of animals revealed that the higher numbers of infected animals were identified in male (48.00%) than female (29.35%). The seropositivity of IBR increased with age of animals. The highest prevalence of IBR (66.67%) was observed in animals aged more than 8 years. As vaccination against IBR is not practiced in the region and higher percent positivity (>20%) in all age group of animals indicated the natural circulation of BHV-1 virus in the population. Because of less awareness on the vaccination of animals against this virus, the disease may spread rapidly. The results of present study also indicate that strict monitoring and surveillance of IBR is need of today to protect the animals from infection and further spread. © 2014 Asian Network for Scientific Information.

PubMed | Darshan Dental College and Hospital, Dar Al Uloom University, King Abdulaziz University, King Saud University and Regional Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The journal of contemporary dental practice | Year: 2016

Chemomechanical caries removal (CMCR) is an effective method of caries removal especially for primary teeth as they cause less discomfort when compared with conventional caries removal. The most significant thing about caries removal is the elimination of cariogenic bacteria. This study compares the antibacterial activity of two CMCR gels.A total of 40 primary molar teeth with carious dentin were split along the long axis in a laboratory. Total viable count (TVC) was taken for the teeth before splitting as a measure of colony-forming units per milliliter (CFU/mL). Each half was treated with either Carisolv or Carie-Care CMCR gels. Clean dentin samples were evaluated for Streptococcus mutans (SM) and Lactobacillus acidophilus (LB) after removal of carious tissue using the caries removal gels using serial dilutions and incubating on specific agar plates.The results showed significant reduction in mean TVC after use of both the CMCR gels. Both gels reduced the CFU/mL of SM and LB to a significant level (p < 0.05). However, there was no significant difference between the antibacterial activities of the two CMCR gels.The CMCR gels (Carisolv and Carie-Care) significantly reduced the residual TVC as well as SM and LB in carious primary dentin. Both CMCR gels had a similar antibacterial activity on the carious dentin of primary teeth.The CMCR gels tested have a significant antibacterial activity and can be effectively used for elimination of caries-causing bacteria in primary teeth.

Das C.S.,Barasat Government College | Mandal R.N.,Regional Research Center
Ocean and Coastal Management | Year: 2016

This study assessed the status of coastal communities living in a fringe of mangroves forest, Samshernagar in the Indian Sundarban. Demographics of the area were surveyed with questionnaires which also collated their pattern of livelihood related to coastal resources. A total number of respondents were 1404 out of 1560 households. The study identified 14 primary occupations (A) with consideration of both earning and time engagement, along with other two occupations as Secondary (B) and Tertiary (C). Different occupants were made into four broad groups viz., (i) Resource dependent (RD), (ii) Wage earner (WE), (iii) Self resilient (SR) and (iv) Government servant (GS). Resource dependent shared 63.9% among others. A Relative Occupational Priority Index (ROPI) was developed, assessing the degree of strength among primary occupations. Fin fish, shell fish and crab (Af) scored 60.97 numbers, followed by agricultural activities (Aal) with 21.38 numbers. The venture of coastal people for resources collection into forest ecosystem as part of livelihood encountered very often wildlife conflict, including both tiger and crocodile attacks. To reduce resources dependency among coastal inhabitants, management of mangroves ecosystem was undertaken through Focus Group Discussion (FGD) among Forest Development Committees (FDCs) for creating awareness among forest dwellers. Provision of JFM was initiated as an alternative livelihood approach through co-management, though limited success was achieved. © 2016

PubMed | Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Regional Research Center and National Dairy Research Institute
Type: | Journal: Animal reproduction science | Year: 2016

Oxidative stress during peripartum period may compromise the uterine immunity. In the present study, we assessed the oxidative stress and antioxidant status during peripartum period and studied their relationship with postpartum uterine infection in dairy cows. Peripheral blood concentrations of total antioxidant capacity (TAC), malondialdehyde (MDA) and nitric oxide (NO) were determined (day -21, -7, on the day of calving and day +7, +21, +35) in normal (n=11), puerperal metritic (n=7) and clinical endometritic (n=6) cows. Endometrial biopsy was performed on the day of calving and expression of CAT, GPx4 and SOD2 genes was studied using qRT-PCR. Puerperal metritic cows had significantly (P<0.05) lower TAC (on day -7, day 0, day +7, +21 & +35), higher MDA (on day -21, -7 & on the day of calving) and NO (on day 0, +7 & day +35) concentrations compared to normal cows. Similarly, clinical endometritic cows had significantly (P<0.05) lower TAC (on day -7, 0, +7 & +21), higher MDA (on day -21, -7, +7 and +35) and NO (on day +7, +21 & +35) concentrations compared to normal cows. The expression of CAT and GPx4 genes was lower (P<0.05) and SOD2 gene was higher (P<0.05) in endometrial tissue of cows that developed uterine infection compared to normal cows. The relationship of peripheral levels of MDA and NO with antioxidant enzymes expression in endometrial tissue was found significant. Receiver operator characteristic analysis revealed that the concentrations of TAC on day -7 to day +35, MDA on day -21 to day +7 and NO on the day of calving to day +35 were highly correlated to the development of postpartum uterine infection in cows. It may be inferred that the low serum TAC level and high level of lipid peroxidation and NO during peripartum period influenced the endometrial expression of anitioxidative genes that compromised the uterine health during postpartum period.

Pathania M.S.,CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidhyalaya | Dev I.,CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishwavidhyalaya | Dev I.,Regional Research Center
Indian Journal of Animal Sciences | Year: 2011

A field study of 200 sample household was conducted in 2 agro- climatic zones of Himachal Pradesh to understand the availability of different fodder from varied sources. The availability of different type of fodder from owned lands increased with increase in farm size, while the quantity of these fodders from public lands decreased with increase in farm size. The productivity of fodder in CPR lands was very low due to plantation of pine trees and growth of Lantana and other obnoxious weeds on a large scale. Quantity of green and dry fodder collected by small farmers was higher from owned land as compared to public land. The farm size-wise analysis showed that the marginal farms depends more on public lands as compared to small farms. The grazing of animals on CPR lands was maximum during winter followed by rainy season. During summer, the maximum grazing was on cultivated fields. The average requirement of dry and green fodder for total livestock per household per annum was 73q and 152q, respectively. The green and dry fodder deficit per farm was 39 and 30%, respectively.

Ingle Y.V.,Regional Research Center | Wadaskar R.M.,Dr. Panjabrao Deshmukh Agricultural University | Gathe A.G.,Regional Research Center
Indian Journal of Ecology | Year: 2015

In vitro investigations were earned out to assess tlie susceptibility of different larval instars of Helicoverpa annigera (Hub.) against entomogenous fungus, Nomuraea rileyi (Farlow) Samson by different bio-assay methods viz. leaf dip, larval treatment by topical application and leaf + larval treatment (combination). Bioassays of different instars of H. armigera with critical concentrations of N. rileyi revealed that 2nd, 3rd and 4th instar ranged from 46.67% to 83.33%, 43.33% to 76.67% and 30.0% to 70.00 % in leaf dip, larval and leaf + larval bioassay, respectively The dose mortality response (LC50, value) of 3.96 × 105 4.29 × 104 and 9.96 × 103 spores/ml for 2nd' instar larvae, 1.67 × 106,4.56 × 105 and 6.11 × 104 spores/ml for 3rd instar larvae, whereas, LC50 Values of 2.79 × 107 spores/ml, 1.99 × 108 spores/ml and 2.94 × 105 spores/ml for 4th instar H. armigera larvae by leaf dip, larval bioassay and leaf dip + larval bioassays were estimated, respectively. The corresponding LT50, value for various concentrations under evaluation (109-105 spores/ml) was in the range of 119.64 to 206.09 hr, 105.16 to 189.45 hr and 95.53 to 164.43 hr for respective bioassay methods. The LC50, and LT50, data revealed reducing susceptibility trend for higher larval instars.

Ingle Y.V.,Regional Research Center | Chandankar G.D.,Regional Research Center | Patil P.V.,Regional Research Center | Patil C.U.,Regional Research Center
Indian Journal of Agricultural Research | Year: 2016

Root rot/Charcoal rot, Alternaia leaf spot, Bacterial pustule and Yellow Mosaic Virus are important one disease in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Thirty advance lines of soybean were screened for these diseases in protected and un-protected condition under natural field conditions and results revealed that four entries viz.NRC-94, JS-20-69, JS 20-71 and KDS-699 were shown Resistant High Yield (R-HY) reaction to disease complex while NRC-92, KDS 705, KDS-378 and JS 20-41 exhibit Susceptible High Yield Tolerance (S-HY (T)) reaction to disease complex. Only one entry (SL-958) initiates Resistant Low Yield (R-LY) reaction. Rest of the tested advance lines showed Susceptible Low Yield (S-LY) reaction.

PubMed | Regional Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ancient science of life | Year: 2012

Pharmacognostical studies on the South Indian market sample of Karkatasringi (Terminalia chebula leaf galls) were carried out along with comparative studies on Pistacia integerima which is the accepted source of Karkatasringi. The galls of T. chebula are also known as Kadukkai Poo in Siddha system.

PubMed | Regional Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ancient science of life | Year: 2012

A new species of Urginea Steinhill. located in Andhra Pradaah and Tamilnadu (India), namely Urginea negarjunae Hemadri et Swaharl which produces the thickest scape coupled with the largest and closely arranged flowers and nonreflexed tepals among all the Indian species so far recorded under Urginea Steinhill, is described with illustrations. Chromosomal study revealed that the new taxon is not a polyploid; its 2n = 20.

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