Neurogenetic Regional Center

Lamezia Terme, Italy

Neurogenetic Regional Center

Lamezia Terme, Italy
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Galimberti D.,University of Milan | Fenoglio C.,University of Milan | Serpente M.,University of Milan | Villa C.,University of Milan | And 38 more authors.
Biological Psychiatry | Year: 2013

Background: A hexanucleotide repeat expansion in the first intron of C9ORF72 has been shown to be responsible for a high number of familial cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD). Atypical presentations have been described, particularly psychosis. Methods: We determined the frequency of the hexanucleotide repeat expansions in a population of 651 FTLD patients and compared the clinical characteristics of carriers and noncarriers. In addition, we genotyped 21 patients with corticobasal syndrome, 31 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy, and 222 control subjects. Results: The pathogenic repeat expansion was detected in 39 (6%) patients with FTLD (17 male and 22 female subjects); however, it was not detected in any corticobasal syndrome and progressive supranuclear palsy patients or controls. Twenty-four of 39 carriers had positive family history for dementia and/or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (61.5%), whereas only 145 of 612 noncarriers had positive family history (23.7%; p<.000001). Clinical phenotypes of carriers included 29 patients with the behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD; 5.2% of all bvFTD cases), 8 with bvFTD/motor neuron disease (32% bvFTD/motor neuron disease cases), 2 with semantic dementia (5.9% of patients with semantic dementia), and none with progressive nonfluent aphasia. The presentation with late-onset psychosis (median age = 63 years) was more frequent in carriers than noncarriers (10/33 vs. 3/37, p =.029), as well as the presence of cognitive impairment at onset (15/33 vs. 5/37; p =.0039). Conclusions: The repeat expansion in C9ORF72 is a common cause of FTLD and often presents with late-onset psychosis or memory impairment. © 2013 Society of Biological Psychiatry.


Perri R.,Laboratory of Clinical and Behavioral Neurology | Monaco M.,Laboratory of Clinical and Behavioral Neurology | Fadda L.,Laboratory of Clinical and Behavioral Neurology | Fadda L.,University of Rome Tor Vergata | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Neurology | Year: 2015

Memory tests able to differentiate encoding and retrieval processes from the memoranda storing ones should be used to differentiate patients in a very early phase of AD. In fact, individuals with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) can be characterized by two different memory profiles: a pure amnestic one (with poor learning and retrieval and poor improvement when encoding is assisted and retrieval is facilitated) and a dysexecutive one (with inefficient encoding and/or poor retrieval strategies and improvement with assisted encoding and retrieval). The amnestic profile characterizes subjects affected by medio-temporal atrophy typical of AD. In this study, a Grober–Buschke memory procedure was used to evaluate normal controls and MCI patients with different cognitive profiles: pure amnestic (aMCIsd), amnestic plus other cognitive impairments (aMCImd) and non-amnestic (naMCI). An index of sensitivity of cueing (ISC) measured the advantage passing from free to cued recall. Results showed that both strategic and consolidation abilities were impaired in the aMCIsd and aMCImd groups and were preserved in the naMCI group. aMCImd, however, compensated the memory deficit with assisted encoding and retrieval, but aMCIsd performed very poorly. When MCI subjects were defined according to the ISC value, subjects with poor ISC were primarily in the aMCIsd group and, to a lesser extent, in the aMCImd group and the naMCI group. Finally, patients with a poor ISC showed cerebral atrophy documented in the precocious phase of AD and the retrosplenial cerebral areas seemed to be the most useful areas for identifying patients in the early phase of AD. © 2015, Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg.

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