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Jagodina, Serbia

Cvetkovic N.J.,Regional Museum of Jagodina | Dimitrijevic V.M.,University of Belgrade
Quaternary International | Year: 2014

Cave bear remains are known from 36 caves and other karst features, and from one open-air site in Serbia. The sites vary greatly by their morphology and size, position, altitude, stratigraphy and diversity of the fossil fauna. The cave bear stands out as a dominant species at the majority of the sites; at a number of sites it is the single species found. There are only few sites where herbivores' or predators' remains exceed those of the cave bears. The majority of cave bear remains originate from the Late Pleistocene deposits. Previously, they have been identified as Ursus spelaeus.We present a morphology and metric study of cave bears from three sites: two recently discovered localities of Middle Pleistocene age, and the Risovača cave, which may be regarded as the reference site for the Late Pleistocene mammals in the region based on a large number of collected remains and published data. The remains of the Middle Pleistocene spelaeoid bears are described from Mala Balanica cave (Eastern Serbia) and an open-air site at Ruma brickyard (Northern Serbia) for the first time. Considering the size and morphology of cheek teeth and metapodial bones, these cave bears are identified as Ursus spelaeus deningeroides. The cheek teeth morphology and size, as well as metapodial bones' metric, relate the cave bear from the Risovača cave to the advanced evolutive type of the cave bear established in Central and Eastern Europe Ursus spelaeus ingressus. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

Dimitrijevic V.M.,University of Belgrade | Dulic I.A.,NIS Gaspromneft | Cvetkovic N.J.,Regional Museum of Jagodina
Quaternary International | Year: 2014

The recently discovered Janda cavity yielded the first large mammal fossil assemblage of the Late Pleistocene age in the southeast Pannonian lowland (Vojvodina), outside the karst region of Serbia. The cavity is formed in the Badenian reef limestone on the northern hillside of the Fruška Gora mountain. The paper provides a paleontological description and taphonomic data on mammal remains collected from the loose sediments or scree. Herbivores are represented by Bison priscus (Bojanus, 1827), which is the most abundant species, followed by Megaloceros giganteus (Blumenbach, 1803) and Equus germanicus Nehring, 1884, with several remains of Mammuthus sp. and Coelodonta antiquitatis (Blumenbach, 1799). Carnivores are represented by Ursus spelaeus ingressus ( Rabeder etal., 2004), Crocuta crocuta spelaea (Goldfuss, 1823), Panthera leo spelaea (Goldfuss, 1810), as well as Canis lupus Linnaeus, 1758. Wolf remains are characterized by their large size, almost reaching the size of hyenas, which is in contrast with the finds of rather small Pleistocene wolves from the caves in the mountainous part of Serbia. The faunal composition and the presence of mostly grazing forms among the herbivores indicate glacial conditions and an open landscape in the surroundings of the site during the formation of the Janda cavity infill. Taphonomic observations indicate the cave hyena as a dominant bone accumulating agent. In contrast to other cave hyena sites in Serbia, where mostly small and medium sized prey remains were accumulated, prey preference for large and extra large mammals is noted. It is supposed that this is the consequence of the differences between mountainous and lowland landscapes and environments, climatic conditions, different composition of animal and plant associations, and also in different modes of competitions between predators. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd and INQUA.

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