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Kalisz Pomorski, Poland

Samulak D.,Regional Hospital in Kalisz
Archives of gynecology and obstetrics | Year: 2011

The aim was to evaluate the utility of ultrasonographic examinations, such as the Doppler technique, in diagnosing women with postmenopausal bleeding. Specifically, maximum end-diastolic velocity of blood flow (MEDV), time-averaged maximum velocity of blood flow (TAMXV) and peak systolic velocity of blood flow (PSV) were evaluated. Data were obtained and analyzed from a group of 100 female patients diagnosed and treated because of abnormal bleeding from the genitals in the Gynecological-Obstetrics Clinical Hospital of Poznan University of Medical Sciences. The following packages were used for statistic analyses: STATISTICA v 7.1 (StatSoft, Inc. 2005), StatXACT v.5.0.3, CYTEL SOFTWARE CORPORATION and Analyse-it Software v.1.68. The parameters evaluated were highest in the carcinoma group, lower when proliferation was diagnosed and the lowest in the control group. Transvaginal ultrasonography diagnostics using the Doppler technique was found to play an important role in the diagnostic process of pathologies within the endometrium.


Michalska M.M.,Regional Hospital in Kalisz | Samulak D.,Regional Hospital in Kalisz | Samulak D.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Smolarz B.,University of Lodz
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2015

Double strand DNA breaks are the most dangerous DNA damage which, if non-repaired or misrepaired, may result in genomic instability, cancer transformation or cell death. RAD51 and XRCC2 encode proteins that are important for the repair of double-strand DNA breaks by homologous recombination. Therefore, genetic variability in these genes may contribute to the occurrence and progression of triple-negative breast cancer. The polymorphisms of the XRCC2 gene -41657C/T (rs718282) and of the RAD51 gene, −172G/T (rs1801321), were investigated by PCR-RFLP in 70 patients with triple-negative breast cancer and 70 age- and sex matched non-cancer controls. The obtained results demonstrated a significant positive association between the RAD51 T/T genotype and TNBC, with an adjusted odds ratio (OR) of 4.94 (p = 0.001). The homozygous T/T genotype was found in 60 % of TNBC cases and in 14 % of the used controls. Variant 172 T allele of RAD51 increased cancer risk (OR = 2.81 (1.72–4.58), p <.0001). No significant associations were observed between -41657C/T genotype of XRCC2 and the incidence of TNBC. There were no significant differences between the distribution of XRCC2 -41657C/T genotypes in the subgroups assigned to histological grades. The obtained results indicate that the polymorphism of RAD51, but not of XRCC2 gene, may be positively associated with the incidence of triple-negative breast carcinoma in the population of Polish women. © 2015, The Author(s).


Smolarz B.,University of Lodz | Makowska M.,University of Lodz | Samulak D.,Regional Hospital in Kalisz | Samulak D.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Clinical and Experimental Medicine | Year: 2015

XRCC2 and XRCC3 genes involved in homologous recombination repair (HRR) of DNA and in the maintenance of the genome integrity play a crucial role in protecting against mutations that lead to cancer. The aim of the present work was to evaluate associations between the risk of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) and polymorphisms in the genes, encoding for two key proteins of HRR: XRCC2 Arg188His (c. 563 G>A; rs3218536, Genbank Accession Number NT 007914) and XRCC3 Thr241Met (c. 722 C>T; rs861539, Genbank Accession Number NT 026437). The polymorphisms of the XRCC2 and XRCC3 were investigated by PCR–RFLP in 70 patients with TNBC and 70 age- and sex-matched non-cancer controls. In the present work, a relationship was identified between XRCC2 Arg188His polymorphism and the incidence of triple-negative breast cancer. The 188His allele and 188His/His homozygous variant increased cancer risk. An association was confirmed between XRCC2 Arg188His and XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphisms and TNBC progression, assessed by the degree of lymph node metastases and histological grades. In conclusion, XRCC2 Arg188His and XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphisms may be regarded as predictive factors of triple-negative breast cancer in female population. © 2014, The Author(s).


Smolarz B.,University of Lodz | Makowska M.,University of Lodz | Samulak D.,Regional Hospital in Kalisz | Samulak D.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | And 4 more authors.
Tumor Biology | Year: 2014

Triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) refers to about 15-20 % of all breast cancer cases. It is characterized by worse clinical outcome, poor prognosis, and absence of prognostic indicators. Several polymorphisms in the nucleotide excision repair (NER) and base excision repair (BER) gene have been extensively studied in association with various human cancers. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the hOGG1-Ser326Cys (rs13181), XRCC1-Arg194Trp (rs1799782), and ERCC2-Lys751Gln (rs13181) gene polymorphisms with clinical parameters and the risk for development of triple-negative breast cancer. Our research included 70 patients with TNBC and 70 healthy controls. Gene polymorphisms were genotyped by the PCR-RFLP (restriction fragment length polymorphism) method. The genotype distributions were contrasted by the chi-square test, and the significance of the polymorphism was assessed by multiple logistic regression producing odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (CIs). In the present work, a relationship was identified between ERCC2-Lys751Gln polymorphism and the incidence of triple-negative breast cancer. An association was observed between triple-negative breast carcinoma occurrence and the presence of Gln/Gln genotype (OR = 5.71 (2.12-5.43), p = 0.0007). A tendency for an increased risk of TNBC was detected with the occurrence of 751Gln allele of ERCC2 polymorphism. No significant associations between Ser326Cys and Arg194Trp genotype and TNBC were observed. We suggest that the Lys751Gln polymorphism of the ERCC2 gene may be risk factors for triple-negative breast cancer development in Polish women. © 2014 The Author(s).


Samulak D.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | Grosman-Dziewiszek P.,Polish Academy of Sciences | Michalska M.M.,Regional Hospital in Kalisz | Mojs E.,Poznan University of Medical Sciences | And 3 more authors.
Pathology and Oncology Research | Year: 2014

Endometrial cancer belongs to the commonest malignancy in females after breast cancer, malignant neoplasm of female genitals in Europe and North America but there is still not significant improvement as far as the curability of this neoplasm is concerned, especially its advanced forms. That is why there is need to define new factors that could be not only diagnostic but also predictve factors. In present study we analyzed the mRNA PTEN expression by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (Q-PCR) in 123 women of endometrial carcinoma and 14 women of control group. Moreover we assessed oestrogen (ER) and progesterone receptors (PgR) in all cases. We defined the correlation between expression of PTEN gene and receptors and between PTEN expression and maturity grade of cancer. Neoplasm advancement grade G1 was diagnosed in 82.11% of patients (n = 101), G2 in 9.76% of patients (n = 12) and G3 in 8.13% of patients (n = 10). Presence of ER and PgR and decreased expression of PTEN gene was found in majority of patients with endometrial cancer (79.12% and 59.34% respectively) and the most numerous group was with weak expression of ER and strong expression of PgR. There was no statistically significant difference in gene expression depending on receptors expression nor maturity grade of cancer (p >0.05). Evaluation of expression of PTEN gene may turn out to be a very useful tool aimed at qualifying patients for different therapies of endometrial cancer and at searching of new diagnostic and therapeutic methods of this cancer independently on its receptor status nor maturity grade of cancer. © The Author(s) 2013.

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