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Quinto di Treviso, Italy

Massani M.,Regional Center for Surgery | Nistri C.,Regional Center for Surgery | Ruffolo C.,Regional Center for Surgery | Bonariol R.,Regional Center for Surgery | And 6 more authors.
Updates in Surgery | Year: 2015

Most patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IH-CCA) are unresectable and treatment options are limited. This study evaluates the efficacy of hepatic artery infusion (HAI) chemotherapy in patients whose disease is not initially treatable with resection. We selected patients with unresectable IH-CCA treated only with HAI chemotherapy at our centre between January 2008 and December 2012. We compared our outcome, using mRECIST, with published results of patients treated with systemic chemotherapy during the same period. Eleven patients underwent HAI chemotherapy with fluorouracil and oxaliplatin after placement of an HAI pump. A CT scan performed after the sixth cycle of therapy revealed that 5 of them had partial hepatic response (more than 45 %), 2 stable disease and 4 showed clear signs of disease progression. The average survival of the entire group was 17.6 months. Three of the patients with partial hepatic response underwent resection and 2 had more than 70 % tumour necrosis, both of whom are still alive and disease-free. The median survival of patients with liver-only disease treated with systemic chemotherapy, who were not submitted for resection, was 15.3 months. HAI chemotherapy enables this small group of patients to have their unresectable IH-CCA disease converted into a resectable one, thus confirming its role in treatment of this disease. © 2015, Italian Society of Surgery (SIC).

Massani M.,Regional Center for Surgery | Stecca T.,Regional Center for Surgery | Fabris L.,University of Padua | Caratozzolo E.,Regional Center for Surgery | And 7 more authors.
Oncology Reports | Year: 2013

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a devastating malignancy arising from the bile ducts. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are key players in CCA invasiveness and in the generation of a desmoplastic reaction. The aim of the present study was to develop a novel model by which to study tumor-stroma interactions using primary cultures of human biliary epithelial cells (hBECs) and stromal cells (SCs) in CCA. hBECs and SCs, isolated from surgical resections (n=10), were semi-purified by centrifugation on a Percoll gradient; hBECs were further immunopurified. hBECs and SCs were characterized using epithelial [cytokeratin 7 (CK7) and CK19] and mesenchymal [vimentin (VMN), α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), CD68] cell markers. The purity of cultured cells was assessed by fluorescent immunocytochemistry. hBECs were HEA125/CK7/CK19-positive and VMN/α-SMA-negative. SCs were VMN/α-SMA-positive and CK7/CK19-negative. CCA 2-D culture models have been described but they use long-standing CCA cell lines of various biliary tumor cell origins with stromal cells derived from non-cholangiocarcinoma tissues. Recently, a novel 3-D organotypic co-culture model of rat cholangiocarcinoma was described. In the present study, we obtained pure and stable primary cultures of hBECs and SCs from CCA surgical specimens. These cell cultures may provide a useful tool by which to study CCA tumor-stroma interactions.

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