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Tsimafeyeu I.,Kidney Cancer Research Bureau | Khasanova A.,Tatarstan Regional Cancer Center | Stepanova E.,Nn Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center | Gordiev M.,Tatarstan Regional Cancer Center | And 5 more authors.
Clinical and Translational Oncology | Year: 2016

Background: Up to date, there are no data about FGFR2 expression and its predictive role in papillary RCC (pRCC) patients. The aim of the present study was to test FGFR2 expression and mutations for association with survival outcome in patients with pRCC. Methods: Specimens of removed primary tumors from 214 untreated metastatic pRCC patients were evaluated by immunohistochemistry with FGFR2 antibody. FGFR2 mutations were assessed by PCR and direct sequencing, with DNA obtained from 62 paraffin-embedded pRCC samples. FGFR2 expression was tested for associations with progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS) and best objective response. Results: Expression of FGFR2 was observed in 23 % (49/214) of primary pRCC, mostly in cytoplasm of tumor cells. Expression of FGFR2 was significant lower in normal tissue of kidney (1 %, P = 0.001). FGFR2 S252W mutation was found in one patient (1.6 %), and no N549K mutation was detected. FGFR2 expression was strongly associated with a number of metastatic sites, type 2 of pRCC, lower nucleolar grade (P < 0.001). FGFR2-positive patients had significantly shorter OS and PFS (P < 0.05). On multivariate analysis, FGFR2 expression, MSKCC risk group and type of pRCC were found to be independent predictors of survival. Conclusions: In this study, we described immunohistochemical expression of FGFR2 in a large series of pRCC specimens. FGFR2 expression was found to be prognostic factor for survival in patients with metastatic pRCC. FGFR2 mutations are rare across papillary types of RCC. © 2016 Federación de Sociedades Españolas de Oncología (FESEO)

Tsimafeyeu I.,Kidney Cancer Research Bureau | Snegovoy A.,Nn Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center | Varlamov S.,Altai Regional Cancer Center | Safina S.,Tatarstan Regional Cancer Center | And 3 more authors.
Targeted Oncology | Year: 2015

Everolimus is an orally administered inhibitor of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) recommended for patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) who progressed on previous vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor therapy. Efficacy of everolimus in patients who progressed on anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody bevacizumab is unknown. We did a multicenter prospective trial of everolimus in patients with mRCC whose disease had progressed on bevacizumab ± interferon alpha (IFN). Patients with clear-cell mRCC which had progressed on bevacizumab ± IFN received everolimus 10 mg once daily. The primary end point was the proportion of patients remaining progression-free for 56 days, and a two-stage Simon design was used, with 80 % power and an alpha risk of 5 %. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02056587. From December 2011 to October 2013, a total of 37 patients (28 M, 9 F) were enrolled. Median age was 60.5 years (range 41–66), 11 % had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group Performance Status (ECOG PS) >2, and Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) favorable/intermediate risk was 38/62 %. Five (14 %) patients had a confirmed partial response and 26 (70 %) patients had a stable disease. Median progression-free survival was 11.5 months (95 % CI, 8.8–14.2). Median overall survival was not reached. No grade 3 or 4 treatment-related toxicities were observed. The most common grade 2 adverse events were fatigue (19 %) and pneumonitis (8 %). Everolimus demonstrated a favorable toxicity profile and promising anti-tumor activity as a second-line therapy in metastatic renal cell carcinoma (RCC) patients previously treated with bevacizumab ± IFN. © 2014, Springer International Publishing Switzerland.

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