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Malik A.R.,Regional Agricultural Research Station KVK SKUAST K | Siddique M.A.A.,Medicinal and Aromatic Plants | Sofi P.A.,SKUAST K | Butola J.S.,Herbal Research and Development Institute
Research Journal of Medicinal Plant

The present study reports ethno-medicinal uses and conservation status of medicinal plants in the northern region of Kashmir Himalayas. Surveys were conducted in district Baramulla and Kupwara for documentation of traditional knowledge and practices (mode of administration and dosages) of medicinal plants. Eighty medicinal plant species (69 herbs, 7 shrubs and 2 trees), representing 43 families and 72 genus, were recorded to be used under traditional health care system. Amongst the species, 71 species were collected from the wild, 4 species from cultivation and 5 species from both the sources. An IUCN criterion based assessment of conservation status of these species showed 9 species as Critically endangered, 14 Endangered, 24 Vulnerable, 28 Rare and only 5 Secure in study the region. Likewise other parts of the IHR, wild populations of medicinal plants of this region are under severe pressure of over-harvesting coupled with over grazing. Moreover, the prevalent practice of premature harvesting of the whole plant is leading to unrecoverable loss of their germplasm. The present communication also depicts market chain of medicinal plant trade in the region which is highly unregulated and lacking equitable share of benefits. Keeping all above issues in mind, an appropriate strategy and action plan for the conservation and sustainable utilization of medicinal plants of the region need to be formulated and implemented, effectively. © 2011 Academic Journals Inc. Source

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