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Sant'Ambrogio di Torino, Italy

Migliaretti G.,University of Turin | Ciaramitaro P.,Clinical Neurophysiology Unit | Berchialla P.,University of Turin | Scarinzi C.,University of Turin | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare | Year: 2013

We evaluated the benefits of teleconsulting for patients hospitalised with minor head injuries in centres without neurosurgery. In the Piedmont region, 1462 consultation requests were received at specialist centres in 2009, relating to 519 patients with a minor head injury diagnosis (ICD 850-854). These were compared with the details of 1895 patients admitted with the same diagnosis during 2009, but for whom no consultations were requested. The mortality risk in the two groups was estimated using logistic regression, after adjusting for the principal confounding factors (sex, age, seriousness of the patient's injury at diagnosis, referral centre). The estimated risk of death for patients for whom no consultation was requested was an odds ratio of 1.32 (95% CI 1.08 to 1.74) compared to those who received a teleconsultation. However, after adjusting for the confounding factors, the risk was not significant (odds ratio = 1.25, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.91). A stratified analysis identified a significant effect for elderly people, aged over 70 years, in whom the odds ratio was 1.14 (95% CI 1.04 to 1.82). The results confirm the benefits of telemedicine, in particular for elderly patients, when teleconsultation is requested in the case of minor head injury.

Migliaretti G.,University of Turin | Berchialla P.,University of Turin | Borraccino A.,University of Turin | Gregori D.,University of Turin | And 11 more authors.
Journal of Endocrinological Investigation | Year: 2012

In the literature, few studies analyze the effect of GH therapy on height, preferring a more indirect approach, where factors influencing the total pubertal and pre-pubertal growth in GH-deficient patients are evaluated and subsequently used to estimate the overall effect at the end of the therapy; unfortunately, this approach does not quantify the real growth gain in treated patients. Using a non-parametric Empirical Bayes approach, our study analyzes the growth response to GH treatment in a homogeneous cohort of 317 patients with pituitary GH deficiency who were enrolled during their pre-pubertal stage in the GH Piedmont Registry (Italy), between January 2000-October 2008, and have at least 2 yr of follow-up. To estimate the growth curve for males and females, a non-parametric regression model was fitted, applying Empirical Bayes techniques. A validation of the model was also performed. Improvement was evident in both genders, since both males and females mean growth curve, which started below the 3 rd percentile at the beginning of the therapy, reached the 10 th percentile of the Tanner curve at the end of observation (17 yr old for males and 14 yr old for females); the estimation procedure achieved a good precision. The methodological approach allows for fitting a model able to evaluate longitudinally the response to GH treatment, by means of estimating the overall growth curve, even in presence of sparse information about children heights. ©2012, Editrice Kurtis.

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