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Bazairi H.,Mohammed V University | Sghaier Y.R.,Regional Activity Center for Specially Protected Areas | Benamer I.,University of Omar Mukhtar | Langar H.,University of Tunis | And 5 more authors.
Mediterranean Marine Science | Year: 2013

The presence of marine alien species in El-Kouf National Park and the neighbouring areas was assessed using a compilation of available information and observations, a field survey conducted in October 2010 within the framework of the MedMPAnet project and results of further monitoring during June and September 2012. A total of 9 alien species were reported: namely Rhodophyta Asparagopsis taxiformis (Delile) Trevisan de Saint-Léon, Chlorophyta Caulerpa racemosa var. cylindracea (Sonder) Verlaque, Huisman & Boudouresque, the crab Percnon gibbesi (H. Milne-Edwards, 1853) and the fishes Fistularia commersonii Rüppell, 1838, Siganus luridus (Rüppell, 1829), Siganus rivulatus Forsskål, 1775, Pempheris vanicolensis Cuvier, 1831, Lagocephalus sceleratus (Gmelin, 1789) and Sphyraena flavicauda Rüppell, 1838. Several of these species were until now unknown for the National Park. The list of alien marine species of Libya is updated and discussed. Until now 63 marine aliens species have been recorded along the Libyan coastline. These include 3 Foraminifera, 3 Ochrophyta, 5 Rhodophyta, 5 Chlorophyta, 1 Magnoliophyta, 11 Arthropoda, 13 Mollusca, 1 Echinodermata and 21 Chordata. Among these Non Indigenous Species, 43 are known as established along the Libyan coast including 8 invasive, 11 casual, 5 questionable, 3 cryptogenic and 1 unknown. An in-depth study of marine organisms would substantially increase the number of alien species occurring in Libya. Monitoring of marine assemblages of MPAs provides a valuable opportunity for delving further into the knowledge of native and introduced species.

Rochette J.,Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations IDDRI | Unger S.,Institute for Advanced Studies in Sustainability IASS | Herr D.,International Union for Conservation of Nature IUCN | Johnson D.,Seascape Consultants Ltd. | And 6 more authors.
Marine Policy | Year: 2014

The development of regional initiatives for the protection of the environment is a cornerstone of international environmental policies. With regard to marine and coastal issues, this regionalisation has mainly been taking place through regional seas programmes and Regional Fisheries Management Organisations. Some regional initiatives and organisations have progressively extended their activities to areas beyond national jurisdiction. This paper aims at analysing these recent developments, highlighting their interests and challenges, and proposing options to strengthen the efficiency of regional actions in these areas. It also highlights the need to consider the global discussions on a possible new global agreement and the development of regional actions as two interconnected processes. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

Lejeusne C.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Chevaldonne P.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Pergent-Martini C.,Regional Activity Center for Specially Protected Areas | Boudouresque C.F.,French National Center for Scientific Research | Perez T.,French National Center for Scientific Research
Trends in Ecology and Evolution | Year: 2010

Little doubt is left that climate change is underway, strongly affecting the Earth's biodiversity. Some of the greatest challenges ahead concern the marine realm, but it is unclear to what extent changes will affect marine ecosystems. The Mediterranean Sea could give us some of the answers. Data recovered from its shores and depths have shown that sea temperatures are steadily increasing, extreme climatic events and related disease outbreaks are becoming more frequent, faunas are shifting, and invasive species are spreading. This miniature ocean can serve as a giant mesocosm of the world's oceans, with various sources of disturbances interacting synergistically and therefore providing an insight into a major unknown: how resilient are marine ecosystems, and how will their current functioning be modified? © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Lopez y Royo C.,University of Corsica | Lopez y Royo C.,Agency for Environmental Protection and TS | Casazza G.,Agency for Environmental Protection and TS | Pergent-Martini C.,Regional Activity Center for Specially Protected Areas | Pergent G.,University of Corsica
Ecological Indicators | Year: 2010

The development of ecologically based indices that respond to disturbances in a predictable manner has been stressed by the EU Water Framework Directive. The seagrass Posidonia oceanica, given its ecological indicator characteristics, has been identified as one of the elements to determine ecological status under the EU Water Framework Directive. The purpose of this study is therefore to develop a biotic index based on P. oceanica (BiPo), focussing on: (i) the necessity of an index that may be applied over the largest geographical extent possible, (ii) the necessity of a tool for a baseline evaluation of P. oceanica status in the Mediterranean, (iii) the compliance with WFD requirements, (iv) the efficiency of the method in terms of reliability and cost. The BiPo index is developed on the basis of all P. oceanica monitoring data available in the western Mediterranean and on a standard assessment of anthropogenic pressures. The index metrics are selected and evaluated on the basis of this pressures assessment, and are subsequently integrated for the evaluation of ecological status. The index is then tested on 15 sites around Corsica (France). The results show that the BiPo well reflects meadow health status and ecological status. Furthermore it is reliable, standard and cost-effective, and can be applied to a wide array of management and conservation purposes. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Langar H.,Institute National Des Science Et Technologies Of La Mer Instm | Bessibes M.,Institute National Des Science Et Technologies Of La Mer Instm | Djellouli A.,Tunis el Manar University | Pergent-Martini C.,Regional Activity Center for Specially Protected Areas | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Coastal Research | Year: 2011

Neogoniolithon brassica-florida (encrusting rhodobionta) is generally reported as a veneering coral community along the wave-beaten rocky coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Its presence in the hyperhaline lagoon of Bahiret el Bibane, situated in SE Tunisia, takes on particular importance because of its extension. It constitutes a reef formation 14 km long developing on both sides of the sea inlet. The building of this "natural monument" seems to be the result of an evolutionary series. The aim of this study was to investigate the current status of this reef, comparing it to 30 years ago. The current extension of the Neogoniolithon brassica-florida reef appears to be much reduced from that reported 30 years ago, indicating a regression of 26%. Four different phases leading to the reef building were also identified. © Coastal Education & Research Foundation 2011.

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