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Blaber S.P.,Macquarie University | Blaber S.P.,Regeneus Ltd | Hill C.J.,Macquarie University | Webster R.A.,Macquarie University | And 7 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

Stem cells are increasingly the focus of translational research as well as having emerging roles in human cellular therapy. To support these uses there is a need for improved methods for in vivo cell localization and tracking. In this study, we examined the effects of cell labeling on the in vitro functionality of human adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells. Our results provide a basis for future in vivo studies investigating implanted cell fate and longevity. In particular, we investigated the effects of two different particles: micron-sized (~0.9 μm) fluorescently labeled (Dragon Green) superparamagnetic iron oxide particles (M-SPIO particles); and, carboxylated nanodiamonds of ~0.25 μm in size. The effects of labeling on the functionality of adipose-derived MSCs were assessed by in vitro morphology, osteogenic and adipogenic differentiation potential, CD marker expression, cytokine secretion profiling and quantitative proteomics of the intra-cellular proteome. The differentiation and CD marker assays for stem-like functionality were not altered upon label incorporation and no secreted or intra-cellular protein changes indicative of stress or toxicity were detected. These in vitro results indicate that the M-SPIO particles and nanodiamonds investigated in this study are biocompatible with MSCs and therefore would be suitable labels for cell localization and tracking in vivo. © 2013 Blaber et al.

Vickers E.R.,Sydney Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Karsten E.,Regeneus Ltd | Flood J.,St. Vincents Hospital | Lilischkis R.,Regeneus Ltd
Journal of Pain Research | Year: 2014

Objective: Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been shown in animal models to attenuate chronic neuropathic pain. This preliminary study investigated if: i) injections of autologous MSCs can reduce human neuropathic pain and ii) evaluate the safety of the procedure. Methods: Ten subjects with symptoms of neuropathic trigeminal pain underwent liposuction. The lipoaspirate was digested with collagenase and washed with saline three times. Following centrifugation, the stromal vascular fraction was resuspended in saline, and then transferred to syringes for local injections into the pain fields. Outcome measures at 6 months assessed reduction in: i) pain intensity measured by standard numerical rating scale from 0-10 and ii) daily dosage requirements of antineuropathic pain medication. Results: Subjects were all female (mean age 55.3 years ± standard deviation [SD] 14.67; range 27-80 years) with pain symptoms lasting from 4 months to 6 years and 5 months. Lipoaspirate collection ranged from 102-214 g with total cell numbers injected from 33 million to 162 million cells. Cell viability was 62%-91%. There were no systemic or local tissue side effects from the stem cell therapy (n=41 oral and facial injection sites). Clinical pain outcomes showed that at 6 months, 5/9 subjects had reduced both pain intensity scores and use of antineuropathic medication. The mean pain score pre-treatment was 7.5 (SD 1.58) and at 6 months had decreased to 4.3 (SD 3.28), P=0.018, Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Antineuropathic pain medication use showed 5/9 subjects reduced their need for medication (gabapentin, P=0.053, Student's t-test). Conclusion: This preliminary open-labeled study showed autologous administration of stem cells for neuropathic trigeminal pain significantly reduced pain intensity at 6 months and is a safe and well tolerated intervention. © 2014 Vickers et al.

Succar P.,Macquarie University | Succar P.,University of Sydney | Medynskyj M.,Regeneus Ltd | Breen E.J.,Macquarie University | And 4 more authors.
Stem Cells International | Year: 2016

Background. Biological therapeutics such as adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) therapy are gaining acceptance for knee-osteoarthritis (OA) treatment. Reports of OA-patients show reductions in cartilage defects and regeneration of hyaline-like-cartilage with MSC-therapy. Suspending MSCs in hyaluronan commonly occurs in animals and humans, usually without supporting data. Objective. To elucidate the effects of different concentrations of hyaluronan on MSC growth kinetics. Methods. Using a range of hyaluronan concentrations, we measured MSC adherence and proliferation on culture plastic surfaces and a novel cartilage-adhesion assay. We employed time-course and dispersion imaging to assess MSC binding to cartilage. Cytokine profiling was also conducted on the MSC-secretome. Results. Hyaluronan had dose-dependent effects on growth kinetics of MSCs at concentrations of entanglement point (1 mg/mL). At higher concentrations, viscosity effects outweighed benefits of additional hyaluronan. The cartilage-adhesion assay highlighted for the first time that hyaluronan-primed MSCs increased cell attachment to cartilage whilst the presence of hyaluronan did not. Our time-course suggested patients undergoing MSC-therapy for OA could benefit from joint-immobilisation for up to 8 hours. Hyaluronan also greatly affected dispersion of MSCs on cartilage. Conclusion. Our results should be considered in future trials with MSC-therapy using hyaluronan as a vehicle, for the treatment of OA. Copyright © 2016 Peter Succar et al.

Succar P.,Macquarie University | Succar P.,University of Sydney | Breen E.J.,Macquarie University | Kuah D.,Sydney Sports Medicine Center | And 2 more authors.
Stem Cells International | Year: 2015

Osteoarthritis (OA) can be a debilitating degenerative disease and is the most common form of arthritic disease. There is a general consensus that current nonsurgical therapies are insufficient for younger OA sufferers who are not candidates for knee arthroplasties. Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) therapy for the treatment of OA can slow disease progression and lead to neocartilage formation. The mechanism of action is secretion driven. Current clinical preparations from adipose tissue for the treatment of OA include autologous stromal vascular fraction (SVF), SVF plus mature adipocytes, and culture-purified MSCs. Herein we have combined these human adipose-derived preparations with Hyaluronan (Hylan G-F 20: Synvisc) in vitro and measured alterations in cytokine profile. SVF plus mature adipocytes showed the greatest decreased in the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IFN-γ, and VEGF. MCP-1 and MIP-1α decreased substantially in the SVF preparations but not the purified MSCs. The purified MSC preparation was the only one to show increase in MIF. Overall the SVF plus mature adipocytes preparation may be most suited of all the preparations for combination with HA for the treatment of OA, based on the alterations of heavily implicated cytokines in OA disease progression. This will require further validation using in vivo models. © 2015 Peter Succar et al.

Blaber S.P.,Macquarie University | Blaber S.P.,Regeneus Ltd | Webster R.A.,Macquarie University | Webster R.A.,Regeneus Ltd | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Translational Medicine | Year: 2012

Background: Adipose tissue is an attractive source of cells for therapeutic purposes because of the ease of harvest and the high frequency of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Whilst it is clear that MSCs have significant therapeutic potential via their ability to secrete immuno-modulatory and trophic cytokines, the therapeutic use of mixed cell populations from the adipose stromal vascular fraction (SVF) is becoming increasingly common.Methods: In this study we have measured a panel of 27 cytokines and growth factors secreted by various combinations of human adipose-derived cell populations. These were 1. co-culture of freshly isolated SVF with adipocytes, 2. freshly isolated SVF cultured alone, 3. freshly isolated adipocytes alone and 4. adherent adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) at passage 2. In addition, we produced an 'in silico' dataset by combining the individual secretion profiles obtained from culturing the SVF with that of the adipocytes. This was compared to the secretion profile of co-cultured SVF and adipocytes. Two-tailed t-tests were performed on the secretion profiles obtained from the SVF, adipocytes, ADSCs and the 'in silico' dataset and compared to the secretion profiles obtained from the co-culture of the SVF with adipocytes. A p-value of < 0.05 was considered statistically different. To assess the overall changes that may occur as a result of co-culture we compared the proteomes of SVF and SVF co-cultured with adipocytes using iTRAQ quantitative mass spectrometry.Results: A co-culture of SVF and adipocytes results in a distinct secretion profile when compared to all other adipose-derived cell populations studied. This illustrates that cellular crosstalk during co-culture of the SVF with adipocytes modulates the production of cytokines by one or more cell types. No biologically relevant differences were detected in the proteomes of SVF cultured alone or co-cultured with adipocytes.Conclusions: The use of mixed adipose cell populations does not appear to induce cellular stress and results in enhanced secretion profiles. Given the importance of secreted cytokines in cell therapy, the use of a mixed cell population such as the SVF with adipocytes may be considered as an alternative to MSCs or fresh SVF alone. © 2012 Blaber et al.; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

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