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Nishi-Tokyo-shi, Japan

Sun N.,University of Sichuan | Zou H.,University of Sichuan | Yang L.,University of Sichuan | Morita K.,Hiroshima University | And 4 more authors.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications | Year: 2012

Polyphosphate (polyP) is composed of linear polymers of orthophosphate residues linked by high-energy phosphoanhydride bonds. It has been reported to improve osteoblastic differentiation, stimulate periodontal tissue regeneration, and accelerate bone repair. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of polyP on the expression of FGF23, a hormone secreted mostly be mature osteoblasts and osteocytes. In this study, different types of polyP were synthesized and co-cultured with osteoblast-like UMR-106 cells. Real-time PCR and western blot were used to analyze the gene and protein expression of FGF23. We found that 1. mM polyP was able to increase FGF23 expression after 4. h, reaching a peak after 12-24. h, with expression decreasing by 48. h. We also found that polyP could activate the FGFR pathway, as evidenced by increased phosphorylation of FGFR, FRS2, and Erk1/2. When FGFR signaling was inhibited by the specific inhibitor SU5402, the effect of polyP on FGF23 expression was significantly reduced. Our results indicate that polyP is able to stimulate osteoblastic FGF23 expression and that this effect is associated with activation of the FGFR pathway. These findings provide support for the clinical use of polyP by indicating a mechanism for polyP in bone regeneration. © 2012 Elsevier Inc. Source


Yamaoka M.,Matsumoto Dental University | Ishizuka M.,Matsumoto Dental University | Ishihama K.,Matsumoto Dental University | Takahashi M.,Matsumoto Dental University | And 6 more authors.
Clinical Interventions in Aging | Year: 2010

Bone formation below the crown of mandibular horizontal incompletely impacted third molar is frequently seen in the middle-aged and elderly. The phenomenon shows lamina dura loss without radiolucency and we hypothesized the participation of mature enamel without any influence on the environmental oral status. In order to investigate the characteristics of the phenomenon based on the presence/absence of the lamina dura and radiolucency below the crown, we studied the relationship between 58 men and 43 women with a lamina dura without radiolucency, 12 men and 8 women without a lamina dura with radiolucency, 34 men and 16 women without a lamina dura without radiolucency, and the status of teeth in the ipsilateral mandible. Subjects without a lamina dura without radiolucency were significantly older than those with a lamina dura without radiolucency in both men (P < 0.0001) and women (P < 0.01), indicating different chronological causes. Men without lamina dura with radiolucency showed significantly more tooth loss than those with a lamina dura without radiolucency (P < 0.00001) and those without a lamina dura without radiolucency (P < 0.0001), indicating the influence of poor oral health. Thus, the phenomenon without a lamina dura without radiolucency may show the clinical importance of bone formation in the elderly. © 2010 Yamaoka et al, publisher and licensee Dove Medical Press Ltd. Source


Harada K.,Hiroshima University | Shiba T.,Regenetiss Inc. | Shiba T.,Kitasato University | Doi K.,Hiroshima University | And 5 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2013

In response to infection, macrophages produce a series of inflammatory mediators, including nitric oxide (NO), to eliminate pathogens. The production of these molecules is tightly regulated via various mechanisms, as excessive responses are often detrimental to host tissues. Here, we report that inorganic polyphosphate [poly(P)], a linear polymer of orthophosphate ubiquitously found in mammalian cells, suppresses inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), a cell wall component of Gram-negative bacteria, in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Poly(P) with longer chains is more potent than those with shorter chains in suppressing LPS-induced iNOS expression. In addition, poly(P) decreased LPS-induced NO release. Moreover, poly(P) suppressed iNOS mRNA expression induced by LPS stimulation, thereby indicating that poly(P) reduces LPS-induced iNOS expression by down-regulation at the mRNA level. In contrast, poly(P) did not affect the LPS-induced release of TNF, another inflammatory mediator. Poly(P) may serve as a regulatory factor of innate immunity by modulating iNOS expression in macrophages. © 2013 Harada et al. Source


Patent
Regenetiss Inc. | Date: 2011-09-22

[Problem] The object of the present invention is to provide an oral composition, which can remove tooth stain effectively. The object of the present invention is also to provide an oral composition, which scarcely damages teeth and gums and can be easily applied. [Method of solution] An oral composition for removing tooth stain, which comprises 3.5 to 30% by weight of peroxide and 5 to 20% by weight of phosphate polymer (in particular, ultraphosphate having an average chain length of phosphoric acid polymerization of 10 to 30).


Patent
Regenetiss Inc. | Date: 2014-08-10

The object of the present invention is to provide an oral composition, which can remove tooth stain effectively. The object of the present invention is also to provide an oral composition, which scarcely damages teeth and gums and can be easily applied. An oral composition for removing tooth stain, which comprises 3.5 to 30% by weight of peroxide and 5 to 20% by weight of phosphate polymer (in particular, ultraphosphate having an average chain length of phosphoric acid polymerization of 10 to 30).

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