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Gazyagci S.,Kirikkale University | Macun H.C.,Kirikkale University | Babur C.,Refik Saydam National Hygiene Center
Iranian Journal of Veterinary Research | Year: 2011

The aim of this study was to determine the seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in mares and stallions in the province of Ankara. Sera from 168 clinically healthy horses were tested for the presence of Toxoplasma gondii antibodies using the Sabin Feldman dye test. Toxoplasma gondii infection was determined in 62 (36.9%) of 168 horses with the titers ranging from 1:16 to 1:256.

Bingol M.,Refik Saydam National Hygiene Center | Yentur G.,Gazi University | Er B.,Gazi University | Oktem A.B.,Gazi University
Czech Journal of Food Sciences | Year: 2010

Total number of 104 canned soft drinks collected from several regions in Turkey were analysed. The purpose of this study was to determine the levels of heavy metals in the drinks commonly consumed in Turkey. Quantitative determination of heavy metals: arsenic, copper, zinc, cadmium, and lead in all samples was carried out by ICP-OES (Inductively Coupled Plasma-Optical Emission Spectrosmetry) method. The mean levels (± SE) of arsenic, copper, zinc, cadmium, and lead were found to be 0.037 ± 0.002 mg/kg, 0.070 ± 0.009 mg/kg, 0.143 ± 0.012 mg/kg, 0.005 ± 0.0003 mg/kg, and 0.029 ± 0.002 mg/kg, respectively, in soft drinks. Our data revealed that arsenic, copper, zinc, cadmium, and lead mean levels found in all soft drinks, collected from several regions in Turkey, were within the Turkish Food Codex (TFC) values.

Utuk A.E.,Central Veterinary Control and Research Institute | Kirbas A.,Ataturk University | Babur C.,Refik Saydam National Hygiene Center | Balkaya I.,Ataturk University
Israel Journal of Veterinary Medicine | Year: 2012

This study was conducted on 11 camels, ranging in age from 2 months to 40 years. The aim of this study was to detect the Toxoplasma gondii antibodies and helminth parasites in camels. T. gondii antibodies were detected by Sabin-Feldman Dye Test (SFDT), and faecal samples were examined by Fulleborn flotation and Benedek sedimentation methods. As a result of the study, T. gondii antibodies were detected in 10 out of 11 (90.9%) camels. Detected helminths consisted of 63.63% (7/11) Trishostrongyloidea spp., 45.45% (5/11) Trichuris spp. and 9.09% (1/11) Dicrocoelium dendriticum.

Celik T.,Adiyaman University | Kamili O.,Inonu University | Babur C.,Refik Saydam National Hygiene Center | Cevik M.O.,Adiyaman University | And 2 more authors.
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases | Year: 2010

Idiopathic Parkinson's disease defines a group of Parkinson's disease (PD) of which the aetiology is unknown but an underlying brain disease is suspected. We selected patients of this subgroup of PD and investigated the seropositivity rate for anti-Toxoplasma IgG antibody by SabinFeldman dye test (SFDT). By measuring seropositivity in PD patients, we searched for a probable relationship between Toxoplasma gondii infection and idiopathic PD incidence. Fifty patients diagnosed with idiopathic PD and 50 healthy volunteers were included in the study. Blood samples were taken from all 100 participants and anti-T. gondii antibody titres were investigated using SFDT. Anti-T. gondii antibodies were detected at a titre of ≥1/16 in 25 of the 50 patients (50%) and in 20 of the control group (40%). No higher antibody titre was found in the control group. In conclusion, despite the emerging literature on a possible relationship between T. gondii infection and neurological disease, and the high anti-T. gondii seropositivity found in our PD patients, we did not detect any statistically significant association between T. gondii and idiopathic PD. © 2010 Informa UK Ltd.

Yousefi Rad A.,Clinical Laboratory | Gozalan A.,Refik Saydam National Hygiene Center
Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2010

Objective: One of the most important reasons of mortality, especially in childhood, is infectious diarrheas. As their epidemiology is not well known in Turkey, the aim of this study is to characterize the distribution of gastroenteritis caused by rotavirus and adenovirus by age groups. Material and Methods: Determination of rotavirus and adenovirus antigens in stool samples of 2.962 patients admitted to MESA hospital with the diagnosis of acute gastroenteritis between January 2005 and June 2008 as carried out by the immunochromatographic method. Results: 605 of 2.962 stool samples were found to have viral antigens. 483 of those positive samples were found to be positive for rotavirus, and 77 of them were found to be positive for adenovirus. Forty five of the samples tested were positive for both virus antigens. Additionally, rotavirus and adenovirus associated gastroenteritis was observed most frequently in the 0-5 year-old group; and rotavirus was more common during winter, while adenovirus was observed throughout the year. Conclusion: In this study, it was shown that rotavirus and adenovirus were more significant causes of gastroenteritis, especially in winter among 0-5-year old group. It must also be stated that rapid and effective diagnostic methods are important to prevent unnecessary antibiotic usage, and to reduce the development of antibacterial resistance. © 2010 by Türkiye Klinikleri.

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