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Mayneris-Perxachs J.,CIBER ISCIII | Bondia-Pons I.,CIBER ISCIII | Bondia-Pons I.,Reference Center in Food Technology | Serra-Majem L.,University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria | And 4 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

The protective cardiovascular effect of long-chain n-3 fatty acids has been firmly established in populations with high fish consumption, like those from Mediterranean countries. The current fish consumption in a representative sample from Catalonia, a Mediterranean region, and its relationship with plasma concentrations of eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic (DHA) and some classical cardiovascular disease risk factors was evaluated. Mean fish and seafood intake was 78.5 ± 51.4 g/day. Mean plasma concentrations of EPA and DHA were respectively 0.48% and 1.99% of total fatty acids. Consumption of marine foods among the Catalan population, the main source of n-3 fatty acids, appears to beneficially affect some cardiovascular disease risk factors. Our results show that both EPA and DHA are negatively associated with triacylglycerol (TG) concentrations and the ratio of total cholesterol (TC) to HDL-cholesterol. Furthermore, EPA but not DHA has a beneficial effect on plasma HDL-cholesterol among the Catalan population. There were no significant associations between long-chain n-3 fatty acids and LDL-cholesterol, TC, glucose, insulin or blood pressure. Oily fish intake, which is richest in EPA and DHA, is currently at an order of only 1 serving per week in the Catalan population and its increase should therefore be promoted. © 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Mayneris-Perxachs J.,CIBER ISCIII | Bondia-Pons I.,CIBER ISCIII | Bondia-Pons I.,Reference Center in Food Technology | Molto-Puigmarti C.,CIBER ISCIII | And 6 more authors.
Food Chemistry | Year: 2010

The aim of the present study was to describe the dietary pattern of a representative sample of 516 adult participants (203 men and 313 women) from Catalonia, a Spanish Mediterranean region, to assess their current dietary and plasma levels of trans C18:1, the major trans-fatty acid (TFA), and cis-9, trans-11 CLA, and trans-10, cis-12 CLA, the two major conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) isomers, and to evaluate their correlation with several cardiovascular disease risk factors. The population was a random sample derived from the Catalan Nutrition Survey. Plasma levels of the CLA isomers were determined in a subsample of 100 volunteers. The Catalan diet seemed to maintain some traits of the 'traditional' Mediterranean diet, although other components were lost. The dietary intakes of saturated fatty acids (SFA), TFA, cis-9, trans-11 CLA, and trans-10, cis-12 CLA were 12.3%, 0.84% (2.0 g/d), 0.030% (71.5 mg/d), and 0.0015% (3.4 mg/d) of the energy intake, respectively. Trans C18:1 accounted for 0.19% of the total plasma fatty acids, while the sum of cis-9, trans-11and trans-10, cis-12 CLA isomers represented about 0.09% of the plasma fatty acids. Trans C18:1 isomers correlated significantly with the intake of French fries and pastries, while cis-9, trans-11 CLA significantly correlated with the intake of dairy products and ruminant meat. None of the cardiovascular disease risk factors were found to be associated with the plasma levels of TFA or CLA. The results of this study suggest that monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) are the main dietary fat source in the Catalan population, due to their regular olive oil consumption. Moreover, plasma levels of the main TFA and CLA suggest that the Catalan diet is not at present strongly influenced by the occidental dietary patterns. However, a reduction of the intake of SFA in the Catalan population should be recommended. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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