Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes

Guangzhou, China

Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes

Guangzhou, China
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Dang L.-X.,Jinan University | Dang L.-X.,Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes | Li Y.,Jinan University | Li Y.,Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes | And 10 more authors.
Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology | Year: 2015

We investigated the toxicity of Karenia mikimotoi toward three model grazers, the cladoceran Moina mongolica, the copepod Pseudodiaptomus annandalei, and the crustacean Artemia salina, and explored its chemical response upon zooplankton grazing. An induction experiment, where K. mikimotoi was exposed to grazers or waterborne cues from the mixed cultures revealed that K. mikimotoi might be toxic or nutritionally inadequate toward the three grazers. In general, direct exposure to the three grazers induced the production of hemolytic toxins and the synthesis of eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Both EPA and the hemolytic toxins from K. mikimotoi decreased the survival rate of the three grazers. In addition, the survival rates of M. mongolica, P. annandalei, and A. salina in the presence of induced K. mikimotoi that had previously been exposed to a certain grazer were lower than their counterparts caused by fresh K. mikimotoi, suggesting that exposure to some grazers might increase the toxicity of K. mikimotoi. The chemical response and associated increased resistance to further grazing suggested that K. mikimotoi could produce deterrents to protect against grazing by zooplankton and that the substances responsible might be hemolytic toxins and EPA. © 2014 The Author(s) Journal of Eukaryotic Microbiology © 2014 International Society of Protistologists.


Peng K.-T.,Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes | Zheng C.-N.,Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes | Xue J.,Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes | Chen X.-Y.,Red Tide Prevention of Guangdong Higher Education Institutes | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry | Year: 2014

Microalgae are important primary producers in the marine ecosystem and excellent sources of lipids and other bioactive compounds. The marine diatom Phaeodactylum tricornutum accumulates eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, 20:5n-3) as its major component of fatty acids. To improve the EPA production, delta 5 desaturase, which plays a role in EPA biosynthetic pathway, was characterized in P. tricornutum. An annotated delta 5 desaturase PtD5b gene was cloned and overexpressed in P. tricornutum. The transgene was integrated into the genome demonstrated by Southern blot, and the overexpression of PtD5b was verified by qPCR and Western blot analysis. Fatty acid composition exhibited a significant increase in the unsaturated fatty acids. Monounsaturated fatty acids (MUFA) and polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) showed an increase of 75% and 64%, respectively. In particular, EPA showed an increase of 58% in engineered microalgae. Meanwhile, neutral lipid content showed an increase up to 65% in engineered microalgae. More importantly, engineered cells showed a similar growth rate with the wild type, thus keeping high biomass productivity. This work provides an effective way to improve the production of microalgal value-added bioproducts by metabolic engineering. © 2014 American Chemical Society.

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