Port Sudan, Sudan

Red Sea University

Port Sudan, Sudan

Red Sea University is located in the city of Port Sudan, in the state of The Red Sea in northern Sudan. It was established in 1994.It is a member of the Federation of the Universities of the Islamic World.There were 8 faculties in this university: Marine Science & fisheries, Engineering, Economic school, Education, Medicine, Science and Earth Science. Wikipedia.

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PubMed | Australian National University, Red Sea University, University of California at Davis and James Cook University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Ecology and evolution | Year: 2017

Phenotypic adaptations can allow organisms to relax abiotic selection and facilitate their ecological success in challenging habitats, yet we have relatively little data for the prevalence of this phenomenon at macroecological scales. Using data on the relative abundance of coral reef wrasses and parrotfishes (f. Labridae) spread across three ocean basins and the Red Sea, we reveal the consistent global dominance of extreme wave-swept habitats by fishes in the genus

Andersen G.L.,University of Bergen | Krzywinski K.,University of Bergen | Talib M.,Red Sea University | Saadallah A.E.M.,Egyptian Environmental Affairs Agency EEAA | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Arid Environments | Year: 2014

There are recurring questions about the ecological sustainability of indigenous resource management and what traditional ecological knowledge and rationale underlie such practices. Pastoral nomads from the Hadandawa, Amar Ar, Bishaari, Ababda and Ma[U+02C1]aza tribes in the Red Sea Hills of Egypt and Sudan have relied on drought persistent Acacia tortilis trees for millennia. Presently, political, social and economic factors impose changes in traditional livelihoods and land use. Interviews and long-term field observations have documented traditional practices and underlying ecological knowledge about the use and tending of A.tortilis during all its growth-stages. A variety of local pruning practices, previously considered destructive by many outsiders, conform to good practice described in modern literature. Traditional "gardening" of trees protects, strengthens and renews these essential resources - and shapes this (hyper-) arid cultural landscape. © 2014 The Authors.

Rayis D.A.,University of Khartoum | Jumaa A.M.,Red Sea University | Gasim G.I.,Red Sea University | Karsany M.S.,Karary University | Adam I.,University of Khartoum
Pathogens and Global Health | Year: 2013

During 4 months (November 2010-March 2011) of an outbreak of hepatitis E virus (HEV), 39 pregnant women presented at Port Sudan Hospital, Sudan, with various symptoms of viral hepatitis. The diagnosis of viral hepatitis was confirmed by serology using ELISA anti-HEV IgG and IgM. The mean (SD) maternal age and gestational age were 24·0 (4·2) years and 33·6 (3·7) weeks, respectively. Eight (20·5%) women were primigravidae. There were 11 (28·2%) maternal deaths, 14 (36·0%) intrauterine fetal deaths, and eight (20·5%) cases of postpartum haemorrhage. There were nine (23·0%) cases of preterm (<37 weeks of gestation) deliveries. Fulminant hepatitis with hepatic encephalopathy was the most common cause of death among these patients. Nine of these women died before delivery and the other two died immediately following the delivery due to severe haemorrhage. There were no significant differences in clinical and biochemical data between the women who died (11) and those who survived. © W. S. Maney & Son Ltd 2013.

Ageep A.K.,Red Sea University
International Journal of Tropical Medicine | Year: 2012

Tuberculous lymphadenitis remains both diagnostic and therapeutic challenge because it mimics other pathologic processes. In this study, researchers tried to find the best way for diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis in Red Sea State. About 222 patients suspected to have tuberculous lymphadenitis were examined in the period from March 2008 to October 2011 in a histopathology laboratory in the Red Sea Medical center, Port Sudan, Sudan. This is the only regional laboratory to which fine needle aspiration cytology and histopathological samples were sent. Slides were stained by Papanicolaou, May-Grunewald Giemsa (MGG) and Ziehl-Neelson stains. Cultures were also done from the aspirate. Serum samples were obtained for Immuno-Chromatography Test (ICT). In 57 patients biopsies were taken and stained by Haematoxylin and Eosin (H andE). Cervical lymph nodes were the common lymph node group affected by tuberculosis (94.5%). Studied females were more than males (M:F = 1:1.2). About 94.6% of the cytology show positive result for TB. The mycobacrium grow in 88% of the culture media. Acid fast bacilli were seen in 61 patients (41.6%). Serological test was positive in 68% of the patients. So in a short facility region like the study area, FNAC remain the best method for the diagnosis of tuberculous lymphadenitis. PCR and culture may be considered in few cases whenever highly needed. © Medwell Journals.

Ageep A.,Red Sea University
Annals of Tropical Medicine and Public Health | Year: 2013

Background: Malaria is one of the world killers, but it is curable disease if patients have access to early diagnosis and prompt treatment. The aims of this study are to estimate the frequency of malaria cases among febrile patients, to evaluate the frequency of the parasite species, and to detect the best method for diagnosis of malaria in Red Sea State, Sudan. Materials and Methods: This study was carried out in laboratory of the Red Sea Medical center, Port Sudan, Sudan in period from July 2005 to May 2011. Blood samples were collected from 9,670 febrile patients suspected to have malaria and were examined by expert technologists under the supervision of senior pathologist. Another 717 blood samples seen in peripheral laboratories by routine microscopy were sent for confirmation by expert microscopy. Rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) were also done to these blood samples. Results: Out of the 9,670 febrile patients, only 283 had malaria by expert microscopy. The commonest plasmodium specie that causes malaria in the region was P. falciparum (50.2%), followed by P. vivax (43.8%). The specificity of routine microscopy was (52.7%) and that for RDT was (90.4%). The sensitivity of routine microscopy was (98.6%) while that for RDT was (99.8%). Conclusions: Small number of patients complaining of fever had malaria in Red Sea State with P. falciparum representing (50.2%), followed by P. vivax (43.8%). RDT is recommended for diagnosis of malaria in our region.

Elrahim A.G.A.,Red Sea University
Proceedings - 2013 International Conference on Computer, Electrical and Electronics Engineering: 'Research Makes a Difference', ICCEEE 2013 | Year: 2013

In this paper, we propose an energy efficient data forwarding protocol called Energy Aware Geographic Routing Protocol (EAGRP) for wireless sensor networks to extend the life time of the network. In EAGRP, both position information and energy are available at nodes used to route packets from sources to destination. The routing design of EAGRP is based on two parameters: location and energy levels of nodes. Each node knows the location and energy level of its neighbors. The performance measures have been analyzed with variable number of nodes. The simulations were carried out for different number of nodes. The proposed protocol was compared with Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing (GPSR). Simulation results show that EAGRP performs competitively against the (GPSR) in terms of packet delivery ratio, throughput, energy consumption, and delay. Consequently, it can be concluded that EGARP does efficiently and effectively extend the network lifetime by increasing the successful data delivery rate. © 2013 IEEE.

Ageep A.K.,Red Sea University
Tropical gastroenterology : official journal of the Digestive Diseases Foundation | Year: 2012

Celiac disease is characterized by sensitivity to gluten that results in inflammation and atrophy of the small intestine mucosa. The aim of this research was to document the presence of celiac disease and to describe its clinical presentations in the tribes living in the Red Sea state of Sudan. 172 patients suspected to have celiac disease, were examined at the Red Sea Medical Center laboratory, Port Sudan, Sudan, from August 2008 to September 2011. All clinical data was collected using questionnaires. Serum samples were obtained from all patients for serological detection of anti-gliadin (AG) and anti-tissue transglutamase (ATTG) antibodies (IgG and IgA) using the enzyme-linked immuno-sorbent assay (ELISA). 128 patients were found to have celiac disease. The commonest presenting symptom was chronic diarrhea (20.3%) followed by weight loss (14%). Males and females were nearly equally affected. All age groups were affected with a peak incidence between 5 to 10 years. Celiac disease occurs in the Red Sea state and may well be under-diagnosed. The combination of IgA AGA and IgA ATTG tests represent a good diagnostic method to confirm celiac disease in suspected cases. Special attention needs to be given to methods that encourage adherence to gluten-free diet in affected people in this region.

Adam I.,University of Khartoum | Jumaa A.M.,Red Sea University | Elbashir H.M.,University of Khartoum | Karsany M.S.,University of Khartoum
Virology Journal | Year: 2010

Aim. To investigate maternal and perinatal outcomes (maternal death, preterm delivery, low birth weight and perinatal mortality) of dengue at PortSudan and Elmawani hospitals in the eastern Sudan. Method. This was a retrospective Cohort study where medical files of women with dengue were reviewed. Results. There were 10820 deliveries and 78 (0.7%) pregnant women with confirmed dengue IgM serology at the mean (SD) gestational age of 29.4(8.2) weeks. While the majority of these women had dengue fever (46, 58.9%), hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome were the presentations in 18 (23.0%) and 12, (15.3%) of these women, respectively. There were 17(21.7%) maternal deaths. Fourteen (17.9%) of these 78 women had preterm deliveries and 19 (24.3%) neonates were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit. Nineteen (24.3%) women gave birth to low birth weight babies. There were seven (8.9%) perinatal deaths. Eight (10.2%) patients delivered by caesarean section due to various obstetrical indications. Conclusion. Thus dengue has poor maternal and perinatal outcomes in this setting. Preventive measures against dengue should be employed in the region, and more research on dengue during pregnancy is needed. © 2010 Adam et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Mohammed E.H.,Red Sea University
Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences | Year: 2014

The use of biomarkers to evaluate the biological effects of pollutants in marine organisms represents a recent tool in biomontoring programs. The cyclopoida copepod Apocyclops borneoensis was exposed to different Ni treatments [0(control), 10, 100, 1000 μg l-1Ni] for 1, 2, 4, 7, 14 days. At each exposure time, acetylchlinesterase (AChE), superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione-S-transferase (GST), glutathione (GSH) were analyzed. Additionally, lipid peroxidation (LPO) level was measured after a 14-day exposure. The results show that Ni treatment significantly stimulated copepod's antioxidants SOD, GST and GSH at environmentally relevant concentrations after a certain exposure time. On the other hand, the exposure time significantly affected SOD and GSH. In contrast, Ni exposure significantly decreased LPO level, implying that the factor involved in LPO might not significantly depend on the operations and functions in the antioxidant defense system. In addition, Ni might also be a neurotoxic agent to copepods via changing AChE activity. © 2014 Jordan Journal of Biological Sciences.

PubMed | Red Sea University
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Sudanese journal of paediatrics | Year: 2017

Congenital insensitivity to pain with anhidrosis (CIPA), also called hereditary sensory and autonomic neuropathy type IV (HSAN-IV), is an extremely rare autosomal recessive disease. It is characterized by insensitivity to pain, inability to sweat, episodes of hyperpyrexia, and intellectual disability. These factors render the affected persons to repeatedly injure and traumatise themselves to the degree that they become disabled. No specific treatment to the moment, but it needs multidisciplinary approach, and certain life adaptations and education. Here we report 4 unrelated Sudanese children affected with this rare neurological disorder, to raise the awareness on this rare disease, reflecting its spectrum, and the challenges which patients and their families face, especially when living in a hot country.

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