Gomes J.F.P.,University of Lisbon |
Gomes J.F.P.,Polytechnic Institute of Lisbon |
Mota H.I.,University of Lisbon |
Bordado J.C.M.,University of Lisbon |
And 6 more authors.
Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods | Year: 2011
A test chamber was projected and built (according to ISO 16000-9 Standard) to simulate atmospheric conditions experienced by rubber infill (when applied in synthetic turf pitches) and measure accurately the airborne emissions of pollutants such as dusts and volatile organic compounds (VOC), as well as pollutants present in leachates. It should be pointed out that standard ISO 16000-9 is only concerned with the determination of the emission of VOC from building products and furnishing (not specific of synthetic turf materials), whereas other standards are concerned with the emission of leachates only. This procedure is to be considered as a technical option to the lysimeter "global turf system evaluation" when the rubber infill alone is to be evaluated. The advantage of the proposed option considering this "test chamber" is its simplicity and economy. This test chamber is actually installed and being used for tests in LAIST. © 2011 Informa Healthcare USA, Inc.
Gomes J.,Polytechnic Institute of Lisbon |
Mota H.,University of Lisbon |
Bordado J.,University of Lisbon |
Cadete M.,University of Lisbon |
And 7 more authors.
Journal of the Air and Waste Management Association | Year: 2010
Reuse of tire crumb in sport facilities is currently a very cost-effective waste management measure. Considering that incorporation of the waste materials in artificial turf would be facilitated if the rubber materials were already colored green, coatings were specifically developed for this purpose. This paper presents an experimental toxicological and environmental assessment aimed at comparing the obtained emissions to the environment in terms of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), heavy metals, and ecotoxicity for coated and noncoated rubber granulates. This study is a comprehensive evaluation of the major potential critical factors related with the release of all of these classes of pollutants because previous studies were not systematically performed. It was concluded that between the two types of coatings tested, one is particularly effective in reducing emissions to the environment, simultaneously meeting the requirements of adherence and color stability. Copyright 2010 Air & Waste Management Association.