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El Bakkari B.,Reactor Operating Unit UCR | Nacir B.,Reactor Operating Unit UCR | El Bardouni T.,Abdelmalek Essaadi University | El Younoussi C.,Reactor Operating Unit UCR | And 2 more authors.
Annals of Nuclear Energy | Year: 2015

Since the commissioning of the Moroccan 2 MW TRIGA MARK II research reactor hosted by the Centre National de l'Energie des Sciences et des Techniques Nucléaires (CNESTEN), the latter institution has established a radioisotope production program to supply radiopharmaceuticals for use in nuclear medicine. This paper presents a feasibility analysis for I-131 production using two in-core irradiation positions within the Moroccan TRIGA MARK II research reactor. The MCNPX v2.7 code, with its depletion capabilities, was used for the evaluation of two different production scenarios using several masses of TeO2 target samples. The maximum achievable activities were found to be 3.90 Ci/week for scenario 1 and 4.63 Ci/week for scenario 2. Thermal analysis shows that safety limits of capsules used for these experiments were not violated. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved. Source


El Bakkari B.,Reactor Operating Unit UCR | El Bakkari B.,Abdelmalek Essaadi University | Nacir B.,Reactor Operating Unit UCR | El Bardouni T.,Abdelmalek Essaadi University | And 9 more authors.
Radiation Physics and Chemistry | Year: 2010

The Moroccan 2 MW TRIGA MARK II research reactor at Centre des Etudes Nucléaires de la Maâmora (CENM) achieved initial criticality on May 2, 2007. The reactor is designed to effectively implement the various fields of basic nuclear research, manpower training, and production of radioisotopes for their use in agriculture, industry, and medicine. This study deals with the neutronic analysis of the 2-MW TRIGA MARK II research reactor at CENM and validation of the results by comparisons with the experimental, operational, and available final safety analysis report (FSAR) values. The study was prepared in collaboration between the Laboratory of Radiation and Nuclear Systems (ERSN-LMR) from Faculty of Sciences of Tetuan (Morocco) and CENM. The 3-D continuous energy Monte Carlo code MCNP (version 5) was used to develop a versatile and accurate full model of the TRIGA core. The model represents in detailed all components of the core with literally no physical approximation. Continuous energy cross-section data from the more recent nuclear data evaluations (ENDF/B-VI.8, ENDF/B-VII.0, JEFF-3.1, and JENDL-3.3) as well as S(α, β) thermal neutron scattering functions distributed with the MCNP code were used. The cross-section libraries were generated by using the NJOY99 system updated to its more recent patch file "up259". The consistency and accuracy of both the Monte Carlo simulation and neutron transport physics were established by benchmarking the TRIGA experiments. Core excess reactivity, total and integral control rods worth as well as power peaking factors were used in the validation process. Results of calculations are analysed and discussed. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. Source


El Bakkari B.,Reactor Operating Unit UCR | El Bakkari B.,Abdelmalek Essaadi University | El Bardouni T.,Abdelmalek Essaadi University | Nacir B.,Reactor Operating Unit UCR | And 5 more authors.
Annals of Nuclear Energy | Year: 2013

The availability of accurate burnup data is an essential first step in any systematic approach to enhancement of economics, safety and performance of a research reactor. This first step requires the utilization of a well verified burnup code system. In this work a newly home-developed burnup code called BUCAL1 is presented. The code provides the full capabilities of the Monte Carlo neutron and photon transport code MCNP (version 5c). BUCAL1 has the capability of using several depletion calculation schemes that do not exist in several other burnup code systems such as: shuffling, refueling and multicycles burnup calculation, in an automatic way. The accuracy and precision of BUCAL1 were tested for U-Zrh fuels, by a code to code verification with MCNPX2.7, by predicting the burnup parameters of the 2 MW TRIGA Mark II Moroccan research reactor. Continuous energy cross section data from the more recent nuclear data evaluation ENDF/B-VII.0 as well as S(α, β) thermal neutron scattering functions distributed with the MCNP code were used. Analysis of the verification results shows that BUCAL1 is enough accurate to be used in burnup calculations. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Source

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