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Jang Y.K.,Konkuk University | Lee M.Y.,Konkuk University | Kim H.Y.,Konkuk University | Lee S.,Konkuk University | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2015

Metabolite profiles of seven commercial vinegars and two traditional vinegars were performed by gas chromatography time-of-flight mass spectrometry with multivariate statistical analysis. During alcohol fermentation, yeast, nuruk, and koji were used as sugars for nutrients and as fermentation substrates. Commercial and traditional vinegars were significantly separated in the principal component analysis and orthogonal partial least square discriminant analysis. Six sugars and sugar alcohols, three organic acids, and two other components were selected as different metabolites. Target analysis by ultra-performance liquid chromatography quadruple-time-of-flight mass spectrometry and liquid chromatographyion trap-mass spectrometry/mass spectrometry were used to detect several metabolites having antioxidant activity, such as cyanidin-3-xylosylrutinoside, cyanidin-3-rutinoside, and quercetin, which were mainly detected in Rural Korean Black raspberry vinegar (RKB). These metabolites contributed to the highest antioxidant activity measured in RKB among the nine vinegars. This study revealed that MS-based metabolite profiling was useful in helping to understand the metabolite differences between commercial and traditional vinegars and to evaluate the association between active compounds of vinegar and antioxidant activity. © 2015 by The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology.

Baek C.H.,RDAJeollabuk do | Park E.-H.,Kangwon National University | Baek S.Y.,RDAJeollabuk do | Jeong S.-T.,RDAJeollabuk do | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2014

Acetobacter sp. strains were isolated from traditional vinegar collected in Daegu city and Gyeongbuk province. The strain KJY8 showing a high acetic acid productivity was isolated and characterized by phenotypic, chemotaxonomic, and phylogenetic inference based on 16S rRNA sequence analysis. The chemotaxonomic and phylogenetic analyses revealed the isolate to be a strain of Acetobacter pomorum. The isolate showed a G+C content of 60.8 mol%. It contained LL-diaminopimelic acid (LL-A2pm) as the cell wall amino acid and ubiquinone Q9(H6) as the major quinone. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C18:1w9c, w12t, and w7c. Strain KJY8 grew rapidly on glucose-yeast extract (GYC) agar and formed pale white colonies with smooth to rough surfaces. The optimum cultivation conditions for acetic acid production by the KJY8 strain were 20°C and pH 3.0, with an initial ethanol concentration of 9% (w/v) to produce an acetic acid concentration of 8% (w/v). © 2014 by The Korean Society for Microbiology and Biotechnology.

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