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Iranmanesh M.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran | Ezzatpanah H.,Islamic Azad University at Tehran | Mojgani N.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute
LWT - Food Science and Technology | Year: 2014

In this study, lactic acid bacteria were isolated from ewe milk, traditional yoghurt and sour buttermilk samples collected from different areas of Azarbayjan-e-sharqi in Iran. All the isolates were screened for their ability to produce bacteriocin like inhibitory substances (BLIS) by studying their inhibitory action against pathogens like Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella enteritidis and Staphylococcus aureus, after eliminating the effect of organic acids and hydrogen peroxide. According to results, four of the isolates identified as Lactobacillus brevis, Lactobacillus pentosus, Pedoicoccus acidilactici and Lactobacillus paracasei were unaffected by the action of pH neutralization and hydrogen peroxide and showed inhibitory action against the tested pathogens. The inhibitory activities demonstrated by these isolates were completely inhibited in the presence of proteolytic enzymes.The isolates in study were further characterized for their cholesterol reduction ability. Cholesterol assimilation by both viable and dead cells of these strains was determined in MRS broth containing 0.3. g/100 mL bile salt. According to results, highest level of cholesterol removal was recorded in L. brevis, while all the other isolates in study were also able to reduce cholesterol to lesser extent. To conclude, the Lactic Acid Bacteria isolated from these traditional products might be exploited for their probiotic potential for future studies. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

Tarahomjoo S.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute | Tarahomjoo S.,Amirkabir University of Technology
Molecular Biotechnology | Year: 2012

Live recombinant bacteria represent attractive antigen delivery systems able to induce both mucosal and systemic immune responses against heterologous antigens. The first live recombinant bacterial vectors developed were derived from attenuated pathogenic microorganisms. In addition to the difficulties often encountered in the construction of stable attenuated mutants of pathogenic organisms, attenuated pathogens may retain a residual virulence level that renders them unsuitable for the vaccination of partially immunocompetent individuals such as infants, the elderly or immunocompromised patients. As an alternative to this strategy, non-pathogenic food-grade lactic acid bacteria (LAB) maybe used as live antigen carriers. This article reviews LAB vaccines constructed using antigens other than tetanus toxin fragment C, against bacterial, viral, and parasitic infective agents, for which protection studies have been performed. The antigens utilized for the development of LAB vaccines are briefly described, along with the efficiency of these systems in protection studies. Moreover, the key factors affecting the performance of these systems are highlighted. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011.

Es-haghi A.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute | Hosseininasab V.,Sharif University of Technology | Bagheri H.,Sharif University of Technology
Analytica Chimica Acta | Year: 2014

A novel solid-phase microextraction(SPME) fiber was prepared using sol-gel technology with ethoxylated nonylphenol as a fiber coating material. The fiber was employed to develop a headspace SPME-GC-MS method suitable for quantification of 13 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in water samples. Surface characteristics of the fibers were inspected by energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) spectroscopy as well as by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The SEM measurements showed the presence of highly porous nano-sized particles in the coating. Important parameters affecting the extraction efficiency such as extraction temperature and time, desorption conditions as well as ionic strength have been evaluated and optimized. In the next step, the validation of the new method have been performed, finding it to be specific in the trace analysis of PAHs, with the limit of detection (LOD) ranging from 0.01 to 0.5μgL-1 and the linear range from the respective LOD to 200μgL-1with RSD amounting to less than 8%. The thermal stability of the fibers was investigated as well and they were found to be durable at 280°C for 345min. Furthermore, the proposed method was successfully applied for quantification of PAHs in real water samples. © 2014 Elsevier B.V.

Es-haghi A.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute | Baghernejad M.,Sharif University of Technology | Bagheri H.,Sharif University of Technology
Analytica Chimica Acta | Year: 2012

A method based on solid-phase microextraction (SPME) followed by on-fiber derivatization and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry detection (GC-MS) for determination of phenol in air was developed. Three different types of SPME fibers, polar and non-polar poly(dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were synthesized using sol-gel technology and their feasibility to the sampling of phenol were investigated. Different derivatization reagents for post on-fiber derivatization of phenol were studied. Important parameters influencing the extraction and derivatization process such as type of fiber coating, type and volume of derivatizing reagent, derivatization time and temperature, extraction time, and desorption conditions were investigated and optimized. The developed method is rapid, simple, easy and inexpensive and offers high sensitivity and reproducibility. Under the optimized conditions, the detection limit of the method was 5ngL-1 using selected ion monitoring (SIM) mode. The inter-day and intra-day precisions of the developed method under optimized conditions were below 10%, and the method shows linearity in the range of 20ngL-1 to 500μgL-1with the correlation coefficient of >0.99. The optimized method was applied to the sampling of phenol from some biologics production areas. The compared results obtained using current and standard methods were shown to be satisfactory. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Es-haghi A.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute | Hosseini S.M.,Payamenoor University | Khoshhesab Z.M.,Payamenoor University
Analytica Chimica Acta | Year: 2012

Novel solid-phase microextraction fibers were prepared based on sol-gel technique. Commonly used fused silica substrate was replaced by titanium wire which provided high strength and longer fiber life cycle. Titanium isopropoxide was employed as the precursor which provides a sol solution containing Ti-OH groups and shows more tendencies to the molecularly similar group on the substrate. Three different polymers, poly (dimethylsiloxane) (PDMS), poly(ethylenepropyleneglycol)-monobutyl ether (Ucon) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were employed as coating polymer in preparing three different fibers. The applicability of these fibers was assessed for the headspace SPME (HS-SPME) of benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylenes (BTEX) from water sample followed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS). Effects of different parameters such as fiber coating type, extraction condition, desorption condition were investigated and optimized. Under the optimized conditions, LODs and LOQs of 0.75-10μgL-1 (S/N=3) and 1-20μgL-1 (S/N=10) were respectively obtained. The method showed linearity in the range of 10-25,000μgL-1 with correlation coefficient of >0.99. The relative standard deviation was less than 8%. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

Habibi G.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute
Iranian Journal of Parasitology | Year: 2012

Background: Bovine theileriosis results from infection with obligate intracellular protozoa of the genus Theileria. The phylogenetic relationships between two isolates of Theileria annulata, and 36 Theileria spp., as well as 6 outgroup including Babesia spp. and coccidian protozoa were analyzed using the 18S rRNA gene sequence. Methods: The target DNA segment was amplified by PCR. The PCR product was used for direct sequencing. The length of the 18S rRNA gene of all Theileria spp. involved in this study was around 1,400 bp. Results: A phylogenetic tree was inferred based on the 18S rRNA gene sequence of the Iran and Iraq isolates, and other species of Theileria available in GenBank. In the constructed tree, Theileria annulata (Iran vaccine strain) was closely related to other T. annulata from Europe, Asia, as well as T. lestoquardi, T. parva and T. taurotragi all in one clade. Conclusion: Phylogenetic analyses based on small subunit ribosomal RNA gene suggested that the percent identity of the sequence of Iran vaccine strain was completely the same as Iraq sequence (100% identical), but the similarity of Iran vaccine strain with other T. annulata reported from China, Spain and Italy determined the 97.9 to 99.9% identity.

Ebrahimi S.M.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute | Tebianian M.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute
Molecular Biology Reports | Year: 2010

One of the concerns about influenza A vaccine based on M2e protein is their limited potency; hence, optimal approaches to enhance immunogenicity of M2e protein immunization remain to be established. It seems by linking this M2e-peptide to an appropriate carrier such as mycobacterium tuberculosis C-terminal 28-kDa domain of HSP70 (HSP70359-610), we can render it very immunogenic. According to previous reports, this study was designed to produce a novel influenza A virus recombinant fusion protein consisted of M2e, a potent immunogenic protein from influenza A virus, fused to C-terminal domain of mycobacterium tuberculosis HSP70, HSP70359-610, as a carrier and adjuvant. We fused the genes of M2e and HSP70 359-610 then inserted in pQE-60, prokaryotic expression vector. This recombinant fusion protein with a 6xHis-tag was successfully over expressed in Escherichia coli M-15. The recombinant fusion protein was purified by Ni-NTA affinity chromatography under denaturing conditions, followed by urea gradient dialysis. The purified fusion protein was analyzed on SDS-PAGE. Western blot assay was used to examine the immunoreaction of the expressed protein using commercial penta-His HRP conjugate antibody. The antigenicity and biological activity of the recombinant protein was also qualitatively detected on the infected MDCK cells surface by immunofluorescence and cell-ELISA assay using rabbit's immunized antiserum. This observation suggest that the expressed fusion protein is useful as a universal recombinant vaccine for overcoming highly mutational influenza virus, but more immunological study in animal lab remains to be evaluated. © 2009 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.

Tarahomjoo S.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute
Antonie van Leeuwenhoek, International Journal of General and Molecular Microbiology | Year: 2014

The flagellum is the organelle providing motility to bacterial cells and its activity is coupled to the cellular chemotaxis machinery. The flagellar filament is the largest portion of the flagellum, which consists of repeating subunits of the protein flagellin. Receptors of the innate immune system including Toll like receptor 5, ICE protease activating factor, and neuronal apoptosis inhibitory protein 5 signal in response to bacterial flagellins. In addition to inducing innate immune responses, bacterial flagellins mediate the development of adaptive immune responses to both flagellins and coadministered antigens. Therefore, these proteins have intensively been investigated for the vaccine development and the immunotherapy. This review describes the utilization of bacterial flagellins for the construction of vaccines against infectious diseases and cancer immunotherapy. Furthermore, the key factors affecting the performance of these systems are highlighted. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Tarahomjoo S.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute
Journal of Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology | Year: 2014

Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years of age worldwide. Vaccines have long been used for protection against pneumococcal infections. Capsular polysaccharides of pneumococci are main antigenic components of these vaccines. However, pneumococcal polysaccharide-based vaccines are not able to elicit appropriate immunological responses in young children and cannot induce the immune memory. Thus, pneumococcal conjugate vaccines were developed through chemical coupling of an immunogenic carrier protein to the capsule. The currently available pneumococcal conjugate vaccines elicited protection against the bacterium efficiently. However, these vaccines are expensive to manufacture and have limited serotype coverage. In this mini-review, therefore, we describe approaches attempted by researchers to circumvent the shortcomings of the conjugate vaccines including specifying appropriate cultivation conditions for the production of S. pneumoniae capsular antigens, development of suitable expression systems for the frequently used carrier protein in the conjugate vaccines (cross-reacting material 197), construction of protein-based vaccines, whole-cell vaccines, DNA vaccines, and using antigen delivery vehicles. Future trends in this field are also discussed. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Abdigoudarzi M.,Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute
Journal of Arthropod-Borne Diseases | Year: 2013

Background: Diagnostic study of vector ticks for different pathogens transmitted specifically have been done by Iranian old scientists working on the basis of biological transmission of pathogens. In this study we decided to confirm natural infection of different collected ticks from three different provinces of Iran. Methods: Ticks were collected from livestock (sheep, goats and cattle) during favorable seasons (April to September 2007 and 2008). Slide preparations were stained by Giemsa and Feulgen and were studied searching for any trace of infection. Positive DNA from infected blood or tissue samples was provided and was used as positive control. First, PCR optimization for positive DNA was done, and then tick samples were subjected to specific PCR. Results: Eleven pairs of primers were designed for detection of Theileria, Babesia and Anaplasma spp. Totally 21 tick samples were detected to be infected with protozoa. Hyalomma anatolicum anatolicum and Rhipicephalus turanicus from Fars Province were infected with T. lestoquardi at two different places. Hyalomma detritum was infected with T. lestoquardi in Lorestan Province and Rh. turanicus was infected to Ba. ovis from Fars Province. Conclusion: Totally 21 tick samples were detected to be infected with protozoa. Every sample is regarded with hostenvironment related factors. Since there are complex relations of vectors and their relevant protozoa, different procedures are presented for future studies.

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