Entity

Time filter

Source Type

Sīta Road, Pakistan

Farooqi A.A.,Rashid Latif Medical College RLMC | Nawaz A.,The University of Lahore | Javed Z.,The University of Lahore | Bhatti S.,The University of Lahore | Ismail M.,Institute of Biomedical and Genetic Engineering
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis | Year: 2013

It is a well-acclaimed fact that proteins expressed as a consequence of oncogenic fusions, mutations or amplifications can facilitate ectopic protein-protein interactions that re-wire signal dissemination pathways, in a manner that escalates malignancy. BCR-ABL-mediated signal transduction cascades in leukemic cells are assembled and modulated by a finely controlled network of protein-protein interactions, mediated by characteristic signaling domains and their respective binding motifs. BCR-ABL functions in a cell context-specific and cell type-specific manner to integrate signals that affect uncontrolled cellular proliferation. In this review, we draw attention to the recent progress made in outlining resistance against TRAIL-mediated apoptosis and diametrically opposed roles of miRNAs in BCR-ABL-positive leukemic cells. BCR-ABL governs carcinogenesis through well-organized web of antiapoptotic proteins and over-expressed oncomirs which target death receptors and pro-apoptotic genes. Set of oncomirs which inversely correlate with expression of TRAIL via suppression of SMAD is an important dimension which is gradually gaining attention of the researchers. Contrary to this, some current findings show a new role of BCR-ABL in nucleus with spotlight on apoptosis. It seems obvious that genetic heterogeneity of leukemias poses therapeutic challenges, and pharmacological agents that target components of the cancer promoting nano-machinery still need broad experimental validation to be considered competent as a component of the therapeutic arsenal for this group of diseases. Rapidly developing technologies are empowering us to explain the molecular "nature" of a patient and/or tumor and with this integration of personalized medicine, with maximized efficacy, cost effectiveness will hopefully improve survival chances of the patient. © 2012 L. Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Wroclaw, Poland. Source


Rana A.,National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology NIGAB | Rana A.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Ali G.M.,National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology NIGAB | Ali S.,National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology NIGAB | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2013

Leukemia is a many-sided molecular disorder that arises because of over expression of oncogenes, suppression of tumor suppressor genes, and chromosomal translocations. These chromosomal rearrangements are nonetheless among the many determinants that underlie transformation of cells from normal to a cancerous phenotype and predispose cells to refractoriness against interventions by reduced drug influx and substantial drug efflux. This review unfolds current understanding of BCR-ABL1 (break point cluster region-c-abl oncogene 1, non-receptor tyrosine kinase) signaling with a focus on apoptotic suppressive mechanisms and alternative approaches to chronic myeloid leukemia therapy. Source


Rana A.,National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology NIGAB | Rana A.,National University of Sciences and Technology | Ali G.M.,National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology NIGAB | Ali S.,National Institute for Genomics and Advanced Biotechnology NIGAB | And 5 more authors.
Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics | Year: 2013

Increasing sophisticated information suggests that cancer cells express constitutively active oncogenic kinases such as breakpoint cluster region- c-abl oncogene 1, non-receptor tyrosine kinase (BCR-ABL1) that promote carcinogenesis independent of extrinsic growth factors. It is a well-established fact that through the aberrant activation of BCR-ABL1 signal transduction cascade, the perception of cellular growth signals becomes disconnected from the processes promoting cell growth, and this underlies the pathophysiology of leukemia. In this particular review we discuss the oncogenes and tumor suppressors comprising the regulatory network upstream and downstream of BCR-ABL1 and dismantle how derailed BCR-ABL1 signaling provides cell a selective growth advantage. Besides, we discuss why activation of BCR-ABL1, as an outcome of distinct oncogenic events, results in miscellaneous clinical outcomes, and how the intricacy of the BCR-ABL1 signaling network might dictate therapeutic approaches. In this review, our current comprehension of BCR-ABL1 signaling will be summarized. Source


Farooqi A.A.,Rashid Latif Medical College RLMC | Fayyaz S.,Rashid Latif Medical College RLMC | Qureshi M.Z.,The University of Lahore | Rashid S.,National University of Sciences and Technology
Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis | Year: 2012

Prostate cancer is a life-threatening molecular disorder that is undruggable to date because of stumbling blocks in the standardization of therapy. An emerging framework of research is addressing how pathways that are derailed during tumorigenesis are linked to immunological responses, which are instrumental in immunosurveillance of cancer. However, interestingly, cancer cells circumvent such immunosurveillance through development of poorly immunogenic tumor cell variants (immunoselection) and through subversion of the immunological nanomachinery (immunosubversion). Detailed mechanistic insights of molecular specificities that regulate natural killer (NK) cell function suggest that it might be promising to design NK cell-based immunotherapeutic interventions against prostate cancer. Here, we elucidate evidence for NK cell targeting of prostate cancer proteome and address critical questions that, in our view, need thoughtfulness for the development of successful NK cell-based therapies. This review also disproves our contemporary understanding of the versatile regulators of DNA damage repair (ATM, ATR) that trigger cell surface expression of NKG2D ligands and consequent elimination of the tumor cells by NK cells and other lymphocytes that express NK cell receptors. Substantial fraction of information has been generated that guarantees productive future for this technology as more optimized constructs, better trial designs, and improved platforms are being brought from benchtop to bedside. © L. Hirszfeld Institute of Immunology and Experimental Therapy, Wroclaw, Poland 2012. Source


Farooqi A.A.,Rashid Latif Medical College RLMC | Fayyaz S.,Rashid Latif Medical College RLMC | Rashid S.,National University of Sciences and Technology
Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry | Year: 2012

Prostate cancer is a multifactorial, multistep progressive disorder that is undruggable to date because of stumbling blocks in the standardization of therapy. It is triggered by a broad range of proteins, signaling networks and DNA damage response modulators. It is becoming increasingly apparent that DNA repair mediators have split personalities, as they are instrumental in suppressing and promoting carcinogenesis. In this article, we discuss on post-transcriptional processing of regulators of DNA damage response, and how DNA repair proteins trigger shuttling of androgen receptor. Substantial fraction of information has been added into the existing literature of ATM biology; however, the particular area of post-transcriptional processing errors and gene therapy for reprogramming of ATM has been left unaddressed in prostate cancer. It is therefore noteworthy that the facet of targeting strategy, antisense morpholino oligonucleotides chemistry, and systematic delivery of AOs has promising outlook in splice-targeted antisense-mediated therapy. © Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2011. Source

Discover hidden collaborations