RAS Lebedev Physical Institute

www.lebedev.ru/en/
Moscow, Russia

The Lebedev Physical Institute of the Russian Academy of science ), situated in Moscow, is one of the leading Russian research institutes specializing in physics. It is also one of the oldest research institutions in Russia: its history dates back to a collection of physics equipment established by Peter the Great in the Kunstkamera of Saint Petersburg in 1714. The institute was established in its present shape in 1934 by academician Sergey Vavilov. It moved to Moscow and was named after a prominent Russian physicist Pyotr Lebedev the same year. It is also known as Lebedev Institute of Physics or just Lebedev Institute. In Russian it is often referred to by the acronym FIAN standing for "Physical Institute of the Academy of science".The wide range of the research activities includes: laser technology, dark matter structure, nanostructures, superconductivity, cosmic rays, and gamma-astronomy. The institute developed a technique of crystallizing cubic zirconia . Wikipedia.

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Patent
RAS Lebedev Physical Institute and Inntarget LLC | Date: 2017-04-26

This technical solution relates to Racing Tires of the type Slick with a Wear Indicator coated onto a tire providing visual determination of its wear rate. The technical solution is presented as a racing slick type tire with a colored pigment coated on its surface which is a wear indicator in the shape of lines (any geometrical shapes). The wear indicator is coated with several layers; each layer varies in color depending on the tire wear depth. The claimed tires provided with a wear indicator are designed for car racing including race open wheel cars (karting and Formula car racing); the indicator can be monitored by a driver which allows estimation of the tire wear rate while a car is moving.


Metsaev R.R.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2010

In the framework of gauge invariant Stueckelberg approach, totally symmetric arbitrary spin shadow fields in flat space-time of dimension greater than or equal to four are studied. Gauge invariant two-point vertices for such shadow fields are obtained. We demonstrate that, in Stueckelberg gauge frame, these gauge invariant vertices become the standard two-point vertices of CFT. Light-cone gauge two-point vertices of the shadow fields are also obtained. AdS/CFT correspondence for the shadow fields and the non-normalizable solutions of free massless totally symmetric arbitrary spin AdS fields is studied. AdS fields are considered in a modified de Donder gauge and this simplifies considerably the study of AdS/CFT correspondence. We demonstrate that the bulk action, when it is evaluated on solution of the Dirichlet problem, leads to the two-point gauge invariant vertex of shadow field. Also we show that the bulk action evaluated on solution of the Dirichlet problem leads to new description of conformal fields. The new description involves Stueckelberg gauge symmetries and gives simple higher-derivative Lagrangian for the conformal arbitrary spin field. In the Stueckelberg gauge frame, our Lagrangian becomes the standard Lagrangian of conformal field. Light-cone gauge Lagrangian of the arbitrary spin conformal field is also obtained. © 2010 The American Physical Society.


Vasiliev M.A.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2010

Free Lagrangians are found both for gauge and non-gauge bosonic conformal fields of any symmetry type and in any space-time dimension. Conformal gauge fields of various types, their gauge transformations and gauge invariant field strengths (generalized Weyl tensors), which are derived by the σ- cohomology technics in the frame-like formulation, are shown to correspond to supersymmetric vacua of certain supersymmetric matrix mechanics. The correspondence between conformal and AdSd higher-spin models, that turn out to have identical generalized Weyl tensors, is discussed. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Metsaev R.R.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2014

Totally symmetric arbitrary spin conformal fields in (A)dS space of even dimension greater than or equal to four are studied. Ordinary-derivative and gauge invariant Lagrangian formulation for such fields is obtained. Gauge symmetries are realized by using auxiliary fields and Stueckelberg fields. We demonstrate that Lagrangian of conformal field is decomposed into a sum of gauge invariant Lagrangians for massless, partial-massless, and massive fields. We obtain a mass spectrum of the partial-massless and massive fields and confirm the conjecture about the mass spectrum made in the earlier literature. In contrast to conformal fields in flat space, the kinetic terms of conformal fields in (A)dS space turn out to be diagonal with respect to fields entering the Lagrangian. Explicit form of conformal transformation which maps conformal field in flat space to conformal field in (A)dS space is obtained. Covariant Lorentz-like and de-Donder like gauge conditions leading to simple gauge-fixed Lagrangian of conformal fields are proposed. Using such gauge-fixed Lagrangian, which is invariant under global BRST transformations, we explain how the partition function of conformal field is obtained in the framework of our approach. © 2014 The Author.


Barvinsky A.O.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology | Year: 2012

We present a class of generally covariant nonlocal gravity models which have a flat-space general relativistic limit and also possess a stable de Sitter or anti-de Sitter (AdS) background with an arbitrary value of its cosmological constant. The nonlocal action of the theory is formulated in the Euclidean signature spacetime and is understood as an approximation to the quantum effective action (generating functional of one-particle irreducible diagrams) originating from fundamental quantum gravity theory. Using the known relation between the Schwinger-Keldysh technique for quantum expectation values and the Euclidean quantum field theory we derive from this action the causal effective equations of motion for mean value of the metric field in the physical Lorentzian-signature spacetime. Thus we show that the (A)dS background of the theory carries as free propagating modes massless gravitons having two polarizations identical to those of the Einstein theory with a cosmological term. The on-shell action of the theory is vanishing both for the flat-space and (A)dS backgrounds which play the role of stable vacua underlying, respectively, the ultraviolet and infrared phases of the theory. We also obtain linearized gravitational potentials of compact matter sources and show that in the infrared (A)dS phase their effective gravitational coupling G eff can be essentially different from the Newton gravitational constant G N of the short-distance general relativistic phase. When G eff≫G N the (A)dS phase can be regarded as a strongly coupled infrared modification of Einstein theory not only describing the dark energy mechanism of cosmic acceleration but also simulating the dark matter phenomenon by enhanced gravitational attraction at long distances. © 2012 American Physical Society.


Barvinsky A.O.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2012

We suggest a class of generally covariant ghost-free nonlocal gravity models generating de Sitter or anti-de Sitter background with an arbitrary value of the effective cosmological constant and featuring a mechanism of dark matter simulation. These models interpolate between the general relativistic phase on a flat spacetime background and their strongly coupled infrared (anti-)de Sitter phase with two propagating massless graviton modes. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Metsaev R.R.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2012

Using the light-cone gauge approach to relativistic field dynamics, we study arbitrary spin fermionic and bosonic fields propagating in flat space of dimension greater than or equal to four. Generating functions of parity invariant cubic interaction vertices for totally symmetric and mixed-symmetry massive and massless fields are obtained. For the case of totally symmetric fields, we derive restrictions on the allowed values of spins and the number of derivatives. These restrictions provide a complete classification of parity invariant cubic interaction vertices for totally symmetric fermionic and bosonic fields. As an example of application of the light-cone formalism, we obtain simple expressions for the Yang-Mills and gravitational interactions of massive arbitrary spin fermionic fields. For some particular cases, using our light-cone cubic vertices, we discuss the corresponding manifestly Lorentz invariant and on-shell gauge invariant cubic vertices. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Vasiliev M.A.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Nuclear Physics B | Year: 2012

Cubic vertices for symmetric higher-spin gauge fields of integer spins in . (A)dSd are analyzed. . (A)dSd generalization of the previously known action in . AdS4, that describes cubic interactions of symmetric massless fields of all integer spins . s?2, is found. A new cohomological formalism for the analysis of vertices of higher-spin fields of any symmetry and/or order of nonlinearity is proposed within the frame-like approach. Using examples of spins two and three it is demonstrated how nontrivial vertices in . (A)dSd, including Einstein cubic vertex, can result from the . AdS deformation of trivial Minkowski vertices. A set of higher-derivative cubic vertices for any three bosonic fields of spins . s?2 is proposed, which is conjectured to describe all vertices in . AdSd that can be constructed in terms of connection one-forms and curvature two-forms of symmetric higher-spin fields. A problem of reconstruction of a full nonlinear action starting from known unfolded equations is discussed. It is shown that the normalization of free higher-spin gauge fields compatible with the flat limit relates the noncommutativity parameter . ? of the higher-spin algebra to the . (A)dS radius. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Metsaev R.R.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2013

Using BRST-BV formulation of relativistic dynamics, we study arbitrary spin massive and massless fields propagating in flat space. Generating functions of gauge invariant off-shell cubic interaction vertices for mixed-symmetry and totally symmetric fields are obtained. For the case of totally symmetric fields, we derive restrictions on the allowed values of spins and the number of derivatives which provide a classification of cubic interaction vertices for such fields. As by product, we present simple expressions for the Yang-Mills and gravitational interactions of massive totally symmetric arbitrary spin fields. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.


Dremin I.M.,RAS Lebedev Physical Institute
Physics-Uspekhi | Year: 2013

Colliding high-energy hadrons either produce new particles or scatter elastically with their quantum numbers conserved and no other particles produced. We consider the latter case here. Although inelastic processes dominate at high energies, elastic scattering contributes considerably (18-25%) to the total cross section. Its share first decreases and then increases at higher energies. Small-angle scattering prevails at all energies. Some characteristic features can be seen that provide information on the geometrical structure of the colliding particles and the relevant dynamical mechanisms. The steep Gaussian peak at small angles is followed by the exponential (Orear) regime with some shoulders and dips, and then by a power-law decrease. Results from various theoretical approaches are compared with experimental data. Phenomenological models claiming to describe this process are reviewed. The unitarity condition predicts an exponential fall for the differential cross section with an additional substructure to occur exactly between the low momentum transfer diffraction cone and a power-law, hard parton scattering regime under high momentum transfer. Data on the interference of the Coulomb and nuclear parts of amplitudes at extremely small angles provide the value of the real part of the forward scattering amplitude. The real part of the elastic scattering amplitude and the contribution of inelastic processes to the imaginary part of this amplitude (the so-called overlap function) are also discussed. Problems related to the scaling behavior of the differential cross section are considered. The power-law regime at highest momentum transfer is briefly described. © 2013 Uspekhi Fizicheskikh Nauk, Russian Academy of Sciences.

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