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Saint Petersburg, Russia

Ioffe Physical-Technical Institute of the Russian Academy of science is one of Russia's largest research centers specialized in physics and technology. The institute was established in 1918 in Petrograd and run for several decades by Abram Fedorovich Ioffe. The Institute is a member of the Russian Academy of science.The institute has the following divisions: Center for Nano-Heterostructure Physics Solid State Electronics Solid State Physics Plasma Physics, Atomic Physics and Astrophysics Physics of Dielectrics and Semiconductors Wikipedia.

Glazov M.M.,RAS Ioffe Physical - Technical Institute
JETP Letters | Year: 2011

Second harmonic generation in graphene has been theoretically studied. Phenomenological analysis based on symmetry arguments is carried out. It is demonstrated that second harmonic generation in ideal graphene samples is possible only if the radiation wave vector or its magnetic field is taken into account. Microscopic theory is developed for the classical regime of radiation interaction with electrons, where the photon energy is much lower than the characteristic energy of charge carriers. It is demonstrated that the emitted radiation can be strongly circularly polarized for the linearly polarized incident wave. © 2011 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd. Source

Rumyantsev V.D.,RAS Ioffe Physical - Technical Institute
Optics Express | Year: 2010

High-efficiency multijunction (MJ) solar cells, being very expensive to manufacture, should only be used in combination with solar concentrators in terrestrial applications. An essential cost reduction of electric power produced by photovoltaic (PV) installations with MJ cells, may be expected by the creation of highly-effective, but inexpensive, elements for optical concentration and sun tracking. This article is an overview of the corresponding approach under development at the Ioffe Physical Technical Institute. The approach to R&D of the solar PV modules is based on the concepts of sunlight concentration by small-aperture area Fresnel lenses and "all-glass" module design. The small-aperture area lenses are arranged as a panel with silicone-on-glass structure where the glass plate serves as the front surface of a module. In turn, high-efficiency InGaP/(In)GaAs/Ge cells are arranged on a rear module panel mounted on a glass plate which functions as a heat sink and integrated protective cover for the cells. The developed PV modules and sun trackers are characterized by simple design, and are regarded as the prototypes for further commercialization. © 2010 Optical Society of America. Source

Glazov M.M.,RAS Ioffe Physical - Technical Institute | Ganichev S.D.,University of Regensburg
Physics Reports | Year: 2014

The nonlinear optical and optoelectronic properties of graphene with the emphasis on the processes of harmonic generation, frequency mixing, photon drag and photogalvanic effects as well as generation of photocurrents due to coherent interference effects, are reviewed. The article presents the state-of-the-art of this subject, including both recent advances and well-established results. Various physical mechanisms controlling transport are described in depth including phenomenological description based on symmetry arguments, models visualizing physics of nonlinear responses, and microscopic theory of individual effects. © 2013 Elsevier B.V. Source

Dubrovskii V.G.,RAS Ioffe Physical - Technical Institute
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2014

We present a kinetic growth model having a particular emphasis on the influence of the group V element on the preferred crystal structure of Au-catalyzed III-V nanowires. The model circumvents the uncertainty in the group V contribution into the overall liquid chemical potential. We show why the nanowire elongation rate is limited by the group III transport, while the crystal structure depends on the effective group V to III imbalance. Within the model, we are able to explain some important structural trends in Au-catalyzed III-V nanowires. In particular, we show that high group V flux always favors wurtzite structure in molecular-beam epitaxy. This tendency could be inverted in vapor deposition techniques due to suppression of the group III diffusion at high group V flux. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Source

Dubrovskii V.G.,RAS Ioffe Physical - Technical Institute
Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics | Year: 2013

We present a theoretical analysis of catalyzed nanowire growth based on the material balance in a droplet within one monolayer growth cycle. Pulsed supersaturation and nucleation probability density are shown to originate from the material balance under rather general assumptions. We calculate explicitly the time-dependent nucleation probability as a function of nanowire radius and growth conditions. For small nanowire radii, the timescale hierarchy of different growth steps is demonstrated, leading to a temporal anticorrelation of nucleation events. Numerical analysis is performed in the case of Au-catalyzed GaAs nanowires, where the nucleation probabilities are mapped out as functions of nanowire radius at different conditions. The transition from deltalike to Poissonian temporal distribution of nucleation events is discussed depending on relevant parameters. We speculate that the self-regulated narrowing of nucleation probabilities suppresses random broadening of nanowire length distributions. This focusing effect is specific for nucleation in nanovolumes and might be used for tailoring the size spectra of different nano-objects. © 2013 American Physical Society. Source

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