RAS Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics

Novosibirsk, Russia

RAS Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics

Novosibirsk, Russia

The Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics is one of the major centres of advanced study of nuclear physics in Russia. It is located in the Siberian town Akademgorodok, on Academician Lavrentiev Avenue. The institute was founded by Gersh Itskovich Budker in 1959. Following his death in 1977, the institute was renamed in honour of Academician Budker.Despite its name, the centre was not involved either with military atomic science or nuclear reactors— instead, its concentration was on high-energy physics and particle physics. In 1961 the institute began building VEP-1, the first particle accelerator in the world which collided two beams of particles. The BINP now employs over 3000 people, and hosts several research groups and facilities. Wikipedia.

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Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP-CSA-Infra | Phase: INFRA-2008-1.1.1 | Award Amount: 32.30M | Year: 2009

Particle physics stands at the threshold of a new era of discovery and insight. Results from the much awaited LHC are expected to shed light on the origin of mass, supersymmetry, new space dimensions and forces. In July 2006 the European Strategy Group for Particle Physics defined accelerator priorities for the next 15 years in order to consolidate the potential for discovery and conduct the required precision physics. These include an LHC upgrade, R&D on TeV linear colliders and studies on neutrino facilities. These ambitious goals require the mobilisation of all European resources to face scientific and technological challenges well beyond the current state-of-the-art and the capabilities of any single laboratory or country. EuCARD will contribute to the formation of a European Research Area in accelerator science, effectively creating a distributed accelerator laboratory across Europe. It will address the new priorities by upgrading European accelerator infrastructures while continuing to strengthen the collaboration between its participants and developing synergies with industrial partners. R&D will be conducted on high field superconducting magnets, superconducting RF cavities which are particularly relevant for FLASH, XFEL and SC proton linacs, two-beam acceleration, high efficiency collimation and new accelerator concepts. EuCARD will include networks to monitor the performance and risks of innovative solutions and to disseminate results. Trans-national access will be granted to users of beams and advanced test facilities. Strong joint research activities will support priority R&D themes. As an essential complement to national and CERN programmes, the EuCARD proposal will strengthen the European Research Area by ensuring that European accelerator infrastructures further improve their performance and remain at the forefront of global research, serving a community of well over 10,000 physicists from all over the world.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: H2020 | Program: CSA | Phase: INFRASUPP-6-2014 | Award Amount: 1.70M | Year: 2015

This CREMLIN proposal is to foster scientific cooperation between the Russian Federation and the European Union in the development and scientific exploitation of large-scale research infrastructures. It has been triggered by the recent so-called megascience projects initiative launched by and in the Russian Federation which is now very actively seeking European integration. The proposed megascience facilities have an enormous potential for the international scientific communities and represent a unique opportunity for the EU to engage in a strong collaborative framework with the Russian Federation. The CREMLIN proposal is a first and path finding step to identify, build and enhance scientific cooperation and strong enduring networks between European research infrastructures and the corresponding megascience facilities to maximize scientific returns. The proposal follows the specific recommendations of an EC Expert Group by devising concrete coordination and support measures for each megascience facility and by developing common best practice and policies on internationalisation and opening. CREMLIN will thus effectively contribute to better connect Russian RIs to the European Research Area.


Grant
Agency: European Commission | Branch: FP7 | Program: CP | Phase: INFRA-2011-2.1.1. | Award Amount: 20.97M | Year: 2011

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the largest scientific instrument ever built. It has been exploring the new energy frontier since 2009, gathering a global user community of 7,000 scientists. It will remain the most powerful accelerator in the world for at least two decades, and its full exploitation is the highest priority in the European Strategy for Particle Physics, adopted by the CERN Council and integrated into the ESFRI Roadmap. To extend its discovery potential, the LHC will need a major upgrade around 2020 to increase its luminosity (rate of collisions) by a factor of 10 beyond its design value. As a highly complex and optimized machine, such an upgrade of the LHC must be carefully studied and requires about 10 years to implement. The novel machine configuration, called High Luminosity LHC (HL-LHC), will rely on a number of key innovative technologies, representing exceptional technological challenges, such as cutting-edge 13 tesla superconducting magnets, very compact and ultra-precise superconducting cavities for beam rotation, and 300-metre-long high-power superconducting links with zero energy dissipation. This FP7 Design Study proposal (HiLumi LHC) is part of an overall project that will federate efforts and R&D of a large community towards the ambitious HL-LHC objectives. HiLumi LHC involves participants from outside the European Research Area (ERA), in particular leading US and Japanese laboratories, which will facilitate the implementation of the construction phase as a global project. The proposed governance model is tailored accordingly and may pave the way for the organization of other global research infrastructures. HiLumi LHC will help to foster opportunities for the European industry to bid for contracts worth 300 M in innovative fields during the second half of this decade, and will establish the ERA as a focal point of a global research cooperation and a leader in frontier knowledge and technologies.


Druzhinin V.P.,RAS Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics | Eidelman S.I.,Novosibirsk State University | Serednyakov S.I.,Novosibirsk State University | Solodov E.P.,Novosibirsk State University
Reviews of Modern Physics | Year: 2011

A novel method of studying e+e- annihilation into hadrons using initial state radiation at e+e- colliders is described. After a brief history of the method, its theoretical foundations are considered. Numerous experiments in which exclusive cross sections of e +e- annihilation into hadrons below the center-of-mass energy of 5 GeV have been measured are presented. Some applications of the experimental results to fundamental tests of the standard model are listed. © 2011 American Physical Society.


We show that dimensional recurrence relation and analytical properties of the loop integrals as functions of complex variable D (space-time dimensionality) provide a regular way to derive analytical representations of loop integrals. The representations derived have a form of exponentially converging sums. Several examples of the developed technique are given. © 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Lotov K.V.,RAS Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics
Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams | Year: 2010

Proton beam driven plasma wakefield acceleration was recently proposed as a way to bring electrons to TeV energy range in a single plasma section. Here we present a detailed numerical analysis of this acceleration scheme. We identify the main effects limiting acceleration efficiency and ultimate energy gain, and formulate optimum conditions for acceleration. © 2010 The American Physical Society.


Khriplovich I.B.,RAS Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics
Physics Letters, Section B: Nuclear, Elementary Particle and High-Energy Physics | Year: 2012

The four-fermion gravitational interaction is induced by torsion, and gets essential on the Planck scale. On this scale, the axial-axial contribution dominates strongly the discussed interaction. The energy-momentum tensor, generated by this contribution, is analyzed, as well as stability of the problem with respect to compression. The trace of this energy-momentum tensor can be negative. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.


Lee R.N.,RAS Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics
Journal of High Energy Physics | Year: 2015

Abstract: We present an algorithm of the reduction of the differential equations for master integrals the Fuchsian form with the right-hand side matrix linearly depending on dimensional regularization parameter ϵ. We consider linear transformations of the functions column which are rational in the variable and in ϵ. Apart from some degenerate cases described below, the algorithm allows one to obtain the required transformation or to ascertain irreducibility to the form required. Degenerate cases are quite anticipated and likely to correspond to irreducible systems. © 2015, The Author(s).


Lee R.N.,RAS Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics
Journal of Physics: Conference Series | Year: 2014

We review the Mathematica package LiteRed, version 1.4. © Published under licence by IOP Publishing Ltd.


Lotov K.V.,RAS Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics
Physics of Plasmas | Year: 2011

A high energy particle beam propagating in a uniform plasma is subject to the transverse two-stream instability that first transforms the beam into the train of microbunches and then quickly destroys that train by transverse wakefields. By the proper longitudinal inhomogeneity of the plasma density, it is possible to stop the instability action at the stage of microbunches and form the bunch train that can resonantly excite plasma wakefields over a long distance. The latter feature is vital for proton beam driven plasma wakefield acceleration that was recently proposed as a way to bring electrons to TeV energy range in a single plasma section. © 2011 American Institute of Physics.

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