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Jabalpur, India

Rani Durgavati University , also known as University of Jabalpur, is a government university in Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh, India. It was named after the queen Rani Durgavati. It is the main university of this city and has been graded as B++ by the National Assessment and Accreditation Council . Wikipedia.

Nair M.,M.R.Research | Sandhu S.S.,Rani Durgavati University | Sharma A.K.,iversity
Current Cancer Drug Targets | Year: 2014

With the recent emergence of novel technologies, the field of biomarker discovery has been the subject of intense research and activity. Major advances in cancer control will be greatly aided by early detection for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in its pre-invasive state. Cancer being a diverse disease involves alterations in three classes of genes viz. (proto) oncogenes, tumour suppressor genes and DNA repair genes offering a wide variety of opportunities for the development of biomarkers. The emergence of innovative technologies in genomics, proteomics, metabolomics and imaging allows researchers to facilitate inclusive analysis of cancer cells. These approaches have already demonstrated its power to discriminate cancer cells from normal cells and to identify specific genetic elements involved in cancer progression. Cancer evolves via manifold pathways and is a culmination of a variety of genetic, molecular and clinical events. In the past few years, several reports have led to identification of novel cancer signatures via high throughput biology. Current review gives an overview of the bioinformatics tools, cancer database and available software package tools and further summarizes about different strategies involved in Omics research (genomics, proteomics, metabolomics) for the development of cancer biomarkers. We also discuss about the current and emerging biomarkers in breast cancer with fundamental insight into different markers used in breast cancer detection. In addition, we focus upon the systematic integration of various omic data for accelerating cancer biomarker discovery with evidence based cancer management. The above strategies may lead to significant improvement in cancer screening, prognosis and management of therapeutic response in cancer patients. © 2014 Bentham Science Publishers. Source

Chandra V.K.,Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology | Chandra B.P.,Rani Durgavati University | Jha P.,Rani Durgavati University
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2013

The luminescence induced by elastic deformation of solids, called the phenomenon of elastico-mechanoluminescence (EML), is observed in several materials. For applied pressure in the range of 17 MPa, certain crystals emit intense EML, which can be seen in day light with naked eye. In the present paper, we explore that, as the piezoelectric constant near the photo-generated electric dipoles formed by trapping of charge carriers in crystals is several times higher as compared to that at normal sites, the piezoelectrically induced detrapping of charge carriers and EML emission may take place for less value of the pressure applied onto the crystals. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. Source

Chandra V.K.,Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology | Chandra B.P.,Rani Durgavati University | Jha P.,Rani Durgavati University
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2013

The long time dream of mechanoluminescence (ML) research to fabricate mechanoluminescence white light sources and mechanoluminescence displays seems to be turning into reality after the recent demonstration of highly bright and durable mechanoluminescent flexible composite films with a brightness of ≈120 cd/m2 and durability over ≈100 000 repeated mechanical stresses by using a combination of copper-doped zinc sulfide (ZnS:Cu) particles and polydimethylsiloxane. The present paper explores that self-recovery of mechanoluminescence of deforming piezoelectric semiconductors takes place by trapping of drifting charge carriers in the presence of piezoelectric field. This may be useful in enhancing the intensity and durability of ML devices. © 2013 AIP Publishing LLC. Source

Chandra B.P.,Rani Durgavati University | Chandra V.K.,Chhatrapati Shivaji Institute of Technology | Jha P.,Rani Durgavati University
Applied Physics Letters | Year: 2014

The concepts of piezoelectric field dependence of the detrapping probability and lifetime of charge carriers in traps are developed. The charge carriers in traps become unstable after a particular piezoelectric field whereby more number of charge carriers are detrapped with increasing piezoelectric field. The detrapped electrons tunnel to the energy level of the hole-captured activator ions lying adjacent to the conduction band or tunnel to conduction band. Subsequently, luminescence is induced by the electron-hole recombination. Using these concepts microscopic theory of elastico-mechanoluminescent smart materials is explored. Present study may be useful in tailoring intense elastico-mechanoluminescent materials needed for different applications. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC. Source

In this article, we describe the modifications in the antioxidant system of Synechococcus elongatus PCC7942 mutant Mu2 capable of growing at five times higher concentration of bentazone than wild type. Nevertheless, in both the strains, bentazone almost identically induced light-dependent H 2O 2 production and its extracellular release. However unlike the wild type, peroxide produced upon prolong bentazone incubation was immediately degraded in Mu2. Consequently, the lipid peroxidation activity was also kept low. With prolong incubation of bentazone the mutant displayed a steady increase in glutathione peroxidase-reductase enzyme activities and reduced glutathione content, respectively, by 60% and 130%, favoring an efficient detoxification of bentazone-produced H 2O 2. Catalase-peroxidase and glutathione S-transferase, though present, remained ineffective in rendering bentazone tolerance. In-gel assays of glutathione S-transferase and glutathione reductase revealed presence of between four and five oligomeric states with mobility shifts. One oligomeric form each enzyme in wild-type strain disappeared upon bentazone treatment. Upon two-dimensional electrophoresis and MALDI-TOF/TOF, a bacterioferritin comigratory protein (peroxiredoxin Q) was found to be already highly expressed in Mu2; whereas in wild type, its level increased only upon bentazone exposure. The bcp transcript pool in WT was relatively low but increased with bentazone, whereas Mu2 exhibited high bcp mRNA even without herbicide. Bacterioferritin comigratory protein and glutathione peroxidase-reductase appear to be responsible for detoxification of bentazone-derived peroxide in Mu2. © 2011 Springer-Verlag. Source

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