Millbrook, United Kingdom
Millbrook, United Kingdom

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Quintana R.,Institute of Materials Research and Engineering of Singapore | Persenaire O.,Materia Nova | Lemmouchi Y.,Group RandD | Bonnaud L.,Materia Nova | And 2 more authors.
Polymer Degradation and Stability | Year: 2016

The present work reports the preparation of biodegradable blends of cellulose acetate (CA) with two water soluble polymers; polyvinyl alcohol (PVOH) and the bio-sourced hydroxyethyl cellulose (HEC). Like CA, HEC is advantageously both biodegradable and bio-sourced. For that purpose, plasticization of CA and PVOH was conducted by melt extrusion using triacetin and glycerol, respectively, while a two-step method consisting in a premixing step of HEC with plasticizer in presence of water, followed by the melt processing of the swollen premix was used and led to the successful plasticization of this biopolymer. Plasticized PVOH-based blends proved to exhibit better processability and properties. The prepared blends were characterized in terms of morphology and thermo-mechanical properties. The quality of blend interface was enhanced by reactive compatibilization using maleic anhydride grafted-polylactide (MAgPLA). An original procedure was conducted using two extruders connected in a T-configuration to prepare various plasticized CA-PVOH blends compositions. This advantageous set up allowed for in situ plasticization of CA which significantly reduces its thermo-oxidative degradation. The water-response of these blends was evaluated to settle on their potential as new water-dispersive biodegradable materials. © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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