University Hospital Ramon jal

Madrid, Spain

University Hospital Ramon jal

Madrid, Spain
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Montero-Perez-barquero M.,University of Cordoba, Spain | Flather M.,University of East Anglia | Roughton M.,R-Squared | Coats A.,Monash University | And 5 more authors.
European Journal of Heart Failure | Year: 2014

Aims There is limited information about the effects of beta-blockers in heart failure (HF) stratified by blood pressure, especially in the elderly and those with preserved EF. We evaluate the effects of nebivolol on outcomes in elderly patients with HF stratified by baseline systolic blood pressure (SBP) and EF.Methods and results The SENIORS trial evaluated the effects of nebivolol and enrolled 2128 patients ≥70 years of age with HF. Patients were divided into three baseline pre-treatment SBP categories (<110, 110-130, and >130 mmHg). In addition, we evaluated the influence of SBP (≤130 and >130 mmHg) on patients with LVEF <40% vs. ≥40%. Low baseline SBP was associated with worse clinical outcomes irrespective of treatment group, both in patients with reduced EF and in those with preserved EF. Nebivolol had similar benefits irrespective of baseline SBP: The hazard ratio (HR) for primary outcome of all-cause mortality or cardiovascular hospitalization in the three SBP categories for nebivolol vs. placebo was 0.85 [95% confidence interval (CI) 0.50-1.45], 0.79 (95% CI 0.61-1.01), and 0.88 (95% CI 0.72-1.07), respectively (P for interaction=0.61). Similar results were obtained for the secondary endpoint of all-cause mortality. There was no significant interaction for the effects of nebivolol by baseline SBP stratified by LVEF.Conclusions Elderly HF patients with lower SBP have a worse outcome than those with higher SBP, but nebivolol appears to be safe and well tolerated, with similar benefits on the composite outcome of death or cardiovascular hospital admission irrespective of baseline SBP and LVEF. © 2014 European Society of Cardiology.

Gonzalez-Martin-Moro J.,University Hospital of Henares | Gonzalez-Martin-Moro J.,Francisco de Vitoria University | Gonzalez-Martin-Moro J.,Hospital Universitario La Paz | Gonzalez-Lopez J.J.,Moorfields Eye Hospital | And 8 more authors.
International Ophthalmology | Year: 2014

Diplopia is a very disturbing condition that has been reported as a complication of several surgical procedures. The following review aims to identify the ocular and nonocular surgical techniques more often associated with this undesirable result. Diplopia is reported as an adverse outcome of some neurosurgical procedures, dental procedures, endoscopic paranasal sinus surgery, and several ophthalmic procedures. The most common patterns and some recommendations in order to prevent and treat this frustrating outcome are also given. © 2014 Springer Science+Business Media.

Kalra P.R.,Portsmouth Hospitals NHS Trust | Kalra P.R.,Imperial College London | Garcia-Moll X.,Unitat Hospitalitzacio | Zamorano J.,University Hospital Ramon jal | And 12 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Purpose: To assess the frequency of chronic kidney disease (CKD), define the associated demographics, and evaluate its association with use of evidence-based drug therapy in a contemporary global study of patients with stable coronary artery disease. Methods: 22,272 patients from the ProspeCtive observational LongitudinAl RegIstry oF patients with stable coronary arterY disease (CLARIFY) were included. Baseline estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) was calculated (CKD-Epidemiology Collaboration formula) and patients categorised according to CKD stage: >89, 60-89, 45-59 and <45 mL/min/1.73 m2. Results: Mean (SD) age was 63.9±10.4 years, 77.3% were male, 61.8% had a history of myocardial infarction, 71.9% hypertension, 30.4% diabetes and 75.4% dyslipidaemia. Chronic kidney disease (eGFR<60 mL/min/1.73 m2) was seen in 22.1% of the cohort (6.9% with eGFR<45 mL/min/1.73 m2); lower eGFR was associated with increasing age, female sex, cardiovascular risk factors, overt vascular disease, other comorbidities and higher systolic but lower diastolic blood pressure. High use of secondary prevention was seen across all CKD stages (overall 93.4% lipid-lowering drugs, 95.3% antiplatelets, 75.9% beta-blockers). The proportion of patients taking statins was lower in patients with CKD. Antiplatelet use was significantly lower in patients with CKD whereas oral anticoagulant use was higher. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor use was lower (52.0% overall) and inversely related to declining eGFR, whereas angiotensin-receptor blockers were more frequently prescribed in patients with reduced eGFR. Conclusions: Chronic kidney disease is common in patients with stable coronary artery disease and is associated with comorbidities. Whilst use of individual evidence-based medications for secondary prevention was high across all CKD categories, there remains an opportunity to improve the proportion who take all three classes of preventive therapies. Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors were used less frequently in lower eGRF categories. Surprisingly the reverse was seen for angiotensin-receptor blockers. Further evaluation is required to fully understand these associations. The CLARIFY (ProspeCtive observational LongitudinAl RegIstry oF patients with stable coronary arterY disease) Registry is registered in the ISRCTN registry of clinical trials with the number ISRCTN43070564. © 2014 Kalra et al.

Martin M.,Complutense University of Madrid | Morales S.,Hospital Arnau Of Vilanova Of Lerida | Martinez N.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Guerrero A.,Valencian Institute of Oncology | And 6 more authors.
Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2015

Purpose To test whether combining bevacizumab, an anti-vascular endothelial growth factor treatment, with endocrine therapy (ET) could potentially delay the emergence of resistance to ET. Patients and Methods A multicenter, randomized, open-label, phase III, binational (Spain and Germany) study added bevacizumab (15 mg/kg every 3 weeks) to ET (ET-B; letrozole or fulvestrant) as first-line therapy in postmenopausal patients with human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) -negative and hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. We compared progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), overall esponse rate (ORR), response duration (RD), time to treatment failure (TTF), clinical benefit rate (CBR), and safety. Results From 380 patients recruited (2007 to 2011), 374 were analyzed by intent to-treat (184 patients on ET and 190 patients on ET-B). Median age was 65 years, 270 patients (72%) had Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0, 178 patients (48%) had visceral metastases, and 171 patients (46%) and 195 patients (52%) had received prior chemotherapy or ET, respectively. Median PFS was 14.4 months in the ET arm and 19.3 months in the ET-B arm (hazard ratio, 0.83; 95% CI, 0.65 to 1.06; P = .126). ORR, CBR, and RD with ET versus ET-B were 22% versus 41% (P< .001), 67% versus 77% (P = .041), and 13.3 months versus 17.6 months (P = .434), respectively. TTF and OS were comparable in both arms. Grade 3 to 4 hypertension, aminotransferase elevation, and proteinuria were significantly higher in the ET-B arm. Eight patients (4.2%) receiving ET-B died during study or within 30 days of end of treatment. Conclusion The addition of bevacizumab to ET in first-line treatment failed to produce a statistically significant increase in PFS or OS in women with HER2-negative/hormone receptor-positive advanced breast cancer. © 2015 American Society of Clinical Oncology. All rights reserved.

Ruiz-Tovar J.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Diez-Tabernilla M.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Housari G.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Martinez-Molina E.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Sanjuanbenito A.,University Hospital Ramon jal
American Surgeon | Year: 2010

The aim of this study is to analyze the clinical outcome of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and to determine new prognostic factors. We perform a retrospective study of all the patients diagnosed with GIST in any location and operated on between 2000 and 2008 at our institution.We analyzed 35 patients, 16 males (45.7%) and 19 females (54.3%), with a mean age of 64 ± 13.8 years. The tumors were located in the stomach in 22 patients (62.9%), in the small bowel in 10 (28.6%), and the retroperitoneum in three (8.6%). Referring to gastric GIST, endoscopy revealed an ulceration in the mucosa in five cases, suggesting an epithelial neoplasm. In all these cases, pathology of the biopsy specimen was nonconclusive. Survival rate at 1 and 5 years was 94.3 and 88.6 per cent, respectively. Disease-free survival at 1 and 2 years was 91.4 and 88.6 per cent, respectively. Analyzing prognostic factors, a lower disease-free survival was observed among patients with constitutional syndrome at diagnosis (P = 0.000), small bowel GIST (P = 0.037), and tumors not expressing actin (P = 0.015). A lower global survival was observed among men (P = 0,036), patients with an abdominal mass (P = 0.033) or with constitutional syndrome (P = 0.007) at diagnosis and tumors at a retroperitoneal location (P = 0.0002). Gastric GIST may be confused with epithelial neoplasms, modifying the surgery. In our patients, masculine gender, constitutional syndrome and abdominal mass at diagnosis, small bowel and retroperitoneal location, and actin negative tumors are bad prognostic factors.

Ruiz-Tovar J.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Diez-Tabernilla M.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Chames A.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Morales V.,University Hospital Ramon jal | And 2 more authors.
American Surgeon | Year: 2010

Laparoscopic surgery has become the elective approach for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease in the last decade. Outcome data beyond 10 years are available for open fundoplication, with good-to-excellent results, but few studies report long-term follow-up after laparoscopic fundoplication. We performed a retrospective study of all the patients that underwent laparoscopic Nissen and Toupet fundoplications as antireflux surgery between 1995 and 1998 in our institution. To evaluate the long-term results, a face-to-face interview was performed in 2009. One hundred and six patients were included in the study. Surgical techniques performed were Nissen fundoplication (NF) in 56 patients and Toupet (TF) in 50. Complication rate was 4 per cent in both groups (nonsignificant [NS]). Two patients (4%) of NF required reoperation because of dysphagia. After 10 years, 10 per cent of the patients remain symptomatic in both groups. Fifteen per cent of NF take daily inhibitors of the proton pump versus 14 per cent of TF (NS). Twenty per cent of NF refer dysphagia, all of them without evidence of stenosis at endoscopy or contrasted studies. The satisfaction rate of the patients was 96 per cent in NF and 98 per cent in TF. Laparoscopic Toupet fundoplication seems to be as safe and long-term effective as Nissen, but with a lower incidence of postoperative dysphagia. In our experience Toupet fundoplication should be the elective approach for the surgical treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease.

Megias M.C.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Matei A.M.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Albarran O.G.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Lopez G.P.,University Hospital Ramon jal
BMJ Case Reports | Year: 2012

Approximately 20% of patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) have any autoimmune disease, as concurrent as prior to diagnosis, even during follow-up. In recent years, cases of CVID associated to endocrine autoimmune diseases have been reported. To our knowledge, no cases of CVID with diabetes insipidus has been reported previously. The authors present the case of a 37-year-old male, diagnosed of CVID, who had thirst, polyuria and nocturia for several years. After a water deprivation test and a complete resolution of patient's symptoms with vasopressin (DDAVP) treatment, diagnosis of partial central diabetes insipidus was fi nally made. Patients diagnosed of CVID could develop water misbalance due to posterior hypophysis autoimmune disorder. A high index of clinical suspicion, an early diagnosis and treatment of these disease could avoid future complications and improve the quality of life of these patients.

Sifuentes Giraldo W.A.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Ahijon Lana M.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Garcia Villanueva M.J.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Gonzalez Garcia C.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Vazquez Diaz M.,University Hospital Ramon jal
Clinical Rheumatology | Year: 2012

We report the case of a 72-year-old man with history of ankylosing spondylitis, who, during the treatment with infliximab, developed painful, erythematous-violaceous plaques with later development of ulcers on his feet associated with cold exposure. Concomitantly with the appearance of these lesions, he presented increased antinuclear antibodies (ANA) titers, positivity for anti-DNA and IgM anticardiolipin antibodies, low complement levels, polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia, and lymphopenia. He was diagnosed of chilblain lupus induced by infliximab, this agent was withdrawn and initiated treatment for chilblains with improvement of lesions. On reviewing of the literature, we found seven reported cases of tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) antagonists-induced chilblain lupus, all in rheumatoid arthritis patients and four of them with clinical and immunological characteristics available are presented and compared with our case. Although it is infrequent, chilblain lupus forms part of the spectrum of TNF-α antagonists-induced lupus erythematosus; usually is limited to skin without progression to systemic lupus erythematosus; presents ANA, anti-DNA, and antinucleosome antibodies positivity as more frequent immunological alterations; and responds appropriately to the specific treatment, TNF-α antagonists withdrawal being not necessary in almost all cases. © 2011 Clinical Rheumatology.

Serrano-Villar S.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Perez-Elias M.J.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Dronda F.,University Hospital Ramon jal | Casado J.L.,University Hospital Ramon jal | And 8 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2014

Background: A low CD4/CD8 ratio has been identified in the general population as a hallmark of inmmunosenescence and a surrogate of all-cause mortality. We aimed to investigate in treated HIV-infected individuals the relationship between the CD4/CD8 ratio and serious non-AIDS events. Methods: Case-control study within a prospective hospital-based cohort of HIV-infected subjects during at least one year of ART-mediated viral suppression. Cases were patients with serious non-AIDS events (non-AIDS malignancies, cardiovascular disease, and end-stage kidney disease), and controls individuals who did not developed non-AIDS events during follow-up. Data were analyzed using ROC analysis and multivariate logistic regression. Conditional logistic regression was performed in 200 cases/controls matched by age, sex, nadir CD4 and proximal CD4 counts. Results: We analyzed 407 subjects (109 cases, 298 controls). The CD4/CD8 ratio was lower in cases (0.44 vs. 0.70, P<0.0001), with higher discriminatory ability for the detection of non-AIDS events than the CD4 count, CD8 count and nadir CD4. Multivariate analyses (adjusted for age, sex, nadir CD4, proximal CD4 count, year of ART initiation and ART duration) confirmed the independent association of a low CD4/CD8 ratio with the risk of non-AIDS morbidity (per CD4/CD8 ratio quartile decrease, OR, 2.9; 95% CI, 1.3-6.2) and non-AIDS mortality (OR, 2.8; 95% CI, 1.5-5.3). Conclusions: The CD4/CD8 ratio provides additional information to the CD4 counts and nadir CD4 in treated HIV-infected individuals, since it is independently associated with the risk of non-AIDS-related morbidity and mortality. This association is robust and maintained within different subgroups of patients. © 2014 Serrano-Villar et al.

PubMed | University Hospital Ramon jal
Type: | Journal: European journal of ophthalmology | Year: 2016

To analyze the impact of performing premarking of the Descemet roll and using SF6 20% on a surgeons Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) learning process.A total of 30 consecutive eyes with endothelial dysfunction undergoing DMEK during the learning curve of a surgeon were retrospectively analyzed. Prior to the study, the surgeon had already performed 10 DMEKs. The first 15 consecutive patients were included in group 1 (no premarking and air tamponade) and the other 15 consecutive patients were included in group 2 (premarking and SF6 tamponade). Main outcome parameters were best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), endothelial cell density (ECD) loss at 6 months, and intraoperative and postoperative complications.Among the 2 groups, BCVA and ECD loss at 6 months were similar. However, there was a statistically significant reduction in primary graft failure (40% vs 0%) and need of rebubbling due to complete or partial graft detachment (40% vs 6%) when comparing group 1 versus group 2. In group 1, half of the patients needing rebubbling had primary graft failure.Based on our personal experience, premarking the graft to assess orientation and using a SF6 gas tamponade dramatically reduces the risk of primary graft failure and the need for rebubbling even during the first stages of the learning curve. These findings should encourage surgeons to safely change from Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty to DMEK.

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