Time filter

Source Type

Mahwah, NJ, United States

Ramapo College of New Jersey, abbreviated RCNJ, is a public liberal arts and professional studies institution of the New Jersey system of higher education, located in Mahwah, New Jersey near the Ramapo Mountains. Wikipedia.

Kumar A.N.,Ramapo College of New Jersey
Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)

A controlled study was conducted in-natura to evaluate the effectiveness of presenting passive self-explanation questions in a problem-solving tutor on code-tracing. Data was collected from multiple institutions over three semesters using a tutor on selection statements: fall 2012-fall 2013. ANOVA and ANCOVA were used to analyze the collected data. After accounting for the additional time provided to test group students to answer self-explanation questions, test group was found to fare no better than control group on the number of concepts practiced, the pre-post change in score or the number of practice problems solved per practiced concept. It is speculated that this lack of difference might be attributable to self-efficacy issues, and that the features of tutors found to be effective in-vivo might need self-efficacy supports to also be effective in-natura. © 2014 Springer International Publishing Switzerland. Source

Karlin E.F.,Ramapo College of New Jersey
Journal of Bryology

Sphagnum 6australe s.l. and S. ×6falcatulum s.l. are both cryptic species complexes of gametophytically allodiploid and allotriploid cytotypes, with the allodiploid cytotype being one parent of the respective allotriploid cytotype. Phylogenetic analyses of S. ×australe s.l. and S. ×falcatulum s.l. were undertaken using sequences from two plastid loci and cloned sequences from three nuclear loci. Subgenomes from three subgenera were detected in allotriploid S. ×australe. The haploid parent of allotriploid S. ×australe was S. fimbriatum (subg. Acutifolia). One of the two subgenomes contributed by allodiploid S. australe was associated with S. strictum (subg. Rigida); the parental species associated with the other subgenome could not be identified, either at the species level or in terms of subgenus association. It may represent an early diverging lineage of subg. Sphagnum or a previously undetected subgenus. Allotriploid S. ×falcatulum has subgenomes from two subgenera. This study confirms prior findings that S. cuspidatum (subg. Cuspidata) was the haploid parent of allotriploid S. ×falcatulum. One of the two subgenomes contributed by allodiploid S. ×falcatulum was associated with subg. Cuspidata (species unidentified) and the second was associated with subg. Subsecunda (species unidentified). Recurrent allopolyploidy appears to have been associated with the complex evolutionary processes (inter-subgeneric hybridization, interploidal hybridization, double allopolyploidy) which resulted in each of these two allotriploids. The highest level of divergence detected among the subgenomes in each of these Sphagnum allotriploids is comparable to the average genetic divergence reported for angiosperm allopolyploids. © British Bryological Society 2014. Source

Benasich A.A.,Rutgers University | Choudhury N.A.,Rutgers University | Choudhury N.A.,Ramapo College of New Jersey | Realpe-Bonilla T.,Rutgers University | Roesler C.P.,Rutgers University
Journal of Neuroscience

A major task across infancy is the creation and tuning of the acoustic maps that allow efficient native language processing. This process crucially depends on ongoing neural plasticity and keen sensitivity to environmental cues. Development of sensory mapping has been widely studied in animal models, demonstrating that cortical representations of the sensory environment are continuously modified by experience. One critical period for optimizing human language mapping is early in the first year; however, the neural processes involved and the influence of passive compared with active experience are as yet incompletely understood. Here we demonstrate that, while both active and passive acoustic experience from 4 to 7 months of age, using temporally modulated nonspeech stimuli, impacts acoustic mapping, active experience confers a significant advantage. Using event-related potentials (ERPs), we show that active experience increases perceptual vigilance/attention to environmental acoustic stimuli (e.g., larger and faster P2 peaks) when compared with passive experience or maturation alone. Faster latencies are also seen for the change discrimination peak (N2*) that has been shown to be a robust infant predictor of later language through age 4 years. Sharpening is evident for both trained and untrained stimuli over and above that seen for maturation alone. Effects were also seen on ERP morphology for the active experience group with development of more complex waveforms more often seen in typically developing 12- to 24-month-old children. The promise of selectively “fine-tuning” acoustic mapping as it emerges has far-reaching implications for the amelioration and/or prevention of developmental language disorders. © 2014 the authors. Source

Karlin E.F.,Ramapo College of New Jersey | Andrus R.E.,Binghamton University State University of New York | Boles S.B.,Duke University | Shaw A.J.,Duke University
Molecular Ecology

The monoicous peatmoss Sphagnum subnitens has a tripartite distribution that includes disjunct population systems in Europe (including the Azores), northwestern North America and New Zealand. Regional genetic diversity was highest in European S. subnitens but in northwestern North America, a single microsatellite-based multilocus haploid genotype was detected across 16 sites ranging from Coos County, Oregon, to Kavalga Island in the Western Aleutians (a distance of some 4115 km). Two multilocus haploid genotypes were detected across 14 sites on South Island, New Zealand. The microsatellite-based regional genetic diversity detected in New Zealand and North American S. subnitens is the lowest reported for any Sphagnum. The low genetic diversity detected in both of these regions most likely resulted from a founder event associated with vegetative propagation and complete selfing, with one founding haploid plant in northwest North America and two in New Zealand. Thus, one plant appears to have contributed 100% of the gene pool for the population systems of S. subnitens occurring in northwest North America, and this is arguably the most genetically uniform group of plants having a widespread distribution yet detected. Although having a distribution spanning 12.5° of latitude and 56° of longitude, there was no evidence of any genetic diversification in S. subnitens in northwest North America. No genetic structure was detected among the three regions, and it appears that European plants of S. subnitens provided the source for New Zealand and northwest North American populations. © 2010 Blackwell Publishing Ltd. Source

Frees S.,Ramapo College of New Jersey
Virtual Reality

There are many interaction tasks a user may wish to accomplish in an immersive virtual environment. A careful examination of these tasks reveals that they are often performed under different contexts. For each task and context, specialized interaction techniques can be developed. We present the context-driven interaction model: a design pattern that represents contextual information as a first-class, quantifiable component within a user interface and supports the development of context-sensitive applications by decoupling context recognition, context representation, and interaction technique development. As a primary contribution, this model provides an enumeration of important representations of contextual information gathered from across the literature and describes how these representations can effect the selection of an appropriate interaction technique. We also identify how several popular 3D interaction techniques adhere to this design pattern and describe how the pattern itself can lead to a more focused development of effective interfaces. We have constructed a formalized programming toolkit and runtime system that serves as a reference implementation of the context-driven model and a discussion is provided explaining how the toolkit can be used to implement a collection of representative 3D interaction interfaces. © Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010. Source

Discover hidden collaborations