PubMed | Rama Dental College Kanpur, Private Practionor, Dr Gd Pols Foundation Ymt Dental College And Hospital, Goverment Dental College and Hospital and Maharaja Ganga Singh Dental College and Research Center
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Journal of international oral health : JIOH | Year: 2015
Within the precedent decade, a new field of tissue engineering or tissue regeneration emerge that offers an innovative and exhilarating substitute for maxillofacial reconstruction. It offers a new option to supplement existing treatment regimens for reconstruction/regeneration of the oral and craniofacial complex, which includes the teeth, periodontium, bones, soft tissues (oral mucosa, conjunctiva, skin), salivary glands, and the temporomandibular joint (bone and cartilage), as well as blood vessels, muscles, tendons, and nerves. Tissue engineering is based on harvesting the stem cells which are having potential to form an organ. Harvested cells are then transferred into scaffolds that are manufactured in a laboratory to resemble the structure of the desired tissue to be replaced. This article reviews the principles of tissue engineering and its various applications in oral and maxillofacial surgery.