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Rājshāhi, Bangladesh

Akter M.L.,Islami Bank Medical College | Haque R.,Islami Bank Medical College | Salam M.A.,Rajshahi Medical College
Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences | Year: 2014

Objective: Urine is the most frequent specimen received for culture/sensitivity by clinical laboratories. The microbiological performance of HiCrome UTI agar medium was compared with Blood agar and MacConkey agar for isolation and presumptive identification of bacteria from urine culture. Methods: A total of 443 consecutively collected midstream and/or catheter-catch urine samples from patients attending the Islami Bank Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi,Bangladesh during January to December, 2012 were cultured. Urine samples showing pus cells ≥ 5/HPF were inoculated on to Blood agar (BA), MacConkey agar (MAC) and HiCrome UTI agar (CA) media simultaneously and incubated overnight aerobically at 37 0 C. Rate of isolation and presumptive identification of bacterial species were compared for different media. Results: Culture yielded a total of 199 bacterial isolates from 189 (42.67%) positive plates including 179 (40.40%) unimicrobial and 10 (2.26%) polymicrobial (mixed growth of pair of bacteria) growths. Both HiCrome UTI agar and Blood agar media supported 100% growths while 151 (75.88%) growths were observed on MacConkey agar. The rate of presumptive identification was found significantly higher on HiCrome UTI agar (97.49%) than MAC agar (67.34%) (P<0.001) as primary urine culture medium. Of 199 isolates, E. coli was found to be the leading uropathogen isolated from 118 (59.30%) samples with its presumptive identification rate of 95.76%, 93.22% and 5.93% on CA, MAC and BA respectively. All 10 (100%) polymicrobial growths were demonstrated distinctly on CA against only 01(10%) on each BA and MAC. Conclusion: HiCrome UTI agar was found to be more useful as primary urine culture medium in both higher rate of isolation and presumptive identification of uropathogens in comparison to conventional media. Its inherent characteristics in demonstrating polymicrobial growth and ease of rapid identification by distinct colony colour are unique. Source

Ali I.K.M.,University of Virginia | Haque R.,International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh | Alam F.,Rajshahi Medical College | Kabir M.,International Center for Diarrhoeal Disease Research Bangladesh | And 2 more authors.
Clinical Microbiology and Infection | Year: 2012

The results of Entamoeba histolytica infections range from asymptomatic colonization to variable disease outcomes. However, markers that may predict infection outcomes are not known. Here, we investigated sequence types of a non-coding tRNA-linked locus R-R to identify surrogate markers that may show association with infection outcomes. Among 112 clinical samples-21 asymptomatic, 20 diarrhoea/dysentery and 71 liver abscesses-we identified 11 sequence types. Sequence type 5RR was mostly associated with asymptomatic samples, and sequence type 10RR was predominantly associated with the symptomatic (diarrhoea/dysentery and liver abscess) samples. This is the first report that identifies markers that may predict disease outcomes in E. histolytica infection. © 2012 The Authors. Clinical Microbiology and Infection © 2012 European Society of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases. Source

Mahmud S.,Rajshahi Medical College
Mymensingh medical journal : MMJ | Year: 2011

The objective of this study was to correlate hyperlipidemia during initial remission of nephrotic child with relapse. This observational prospective study was carried out among 26 children, between 1 to 8 years age with first attack idiopathic nephrotic syndrome, who was seen at Paediatric Nephrology Department of BSMMU and Paediatric Nephrology Department, NIKDU, from December'2005 to August'2006 and were followed-up for at least 6 months after initial attack. Twenty two age and sex matched hospitalized children, suffering from non-renal diseases, were enrolled as controls. Fasting blood samples for lipid profile were taken at the time of diagnosis of both cases and controls and also during remission of cases only. These patients were divided into two groups based on serum lipid profile during remission. Group-I consisted 16 patients who had normal lipid profile during remission and Group-II consisted 10 patients who had abnormal lipid profile during remission. Both Groups I & II had higher mean levels of serum cholesterol, LDL, TG and Lp(a) than those of controls during initial diagnosis. Between two groups on remission, Group-II patients showed higher mean serum cholesterol (332.9±105.19 mg/dL vs. 183.13±16.89 mg/dL; p<0.001), serum LDL (252±101.67 mg/dL vs. 119.19±21.33mg/dL; p<0.001), and serum TG (182.8±73.83 mg/dL vs. 93.31±20.95 mg/dL; p<0.001). Five patients out of 10 patients of Group-II (19% of total case) developed subsequent relapse within 6 months follow-up. Among the relapsers, mean cholesterol (334±46 vs. 232±34 mg/dL; p<0.05) was significantly higher than that of non-relapsers of Group-II patients. On the other hand, no patient of Group-I developed relapse within 6 months follow-up. It may be concluded from this study that hyperlipidemia in general at remission, specifically serum total cholesterol, may be regarded as predictor of relapse in childhood idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. Source

Siddiq A.B.,Feni Diabetes Hospital FDH | Al Hasan S.,Rajshahi Medical College | Khan A.U.A.,Chittagong Medical College
Korean Journal of Pain | Year: 2011

Interventional pain management (IPM) is a branch of medical science that deals with management of painful medical conditions using specially equipped X-ray machines and anatomical landmarks. Interventional physiatry is a branch of physical medicine and rehabilitation that treats painful conditions through intervention in peripheral joints, the spine, and soft tissues. A cross-sectional study was conducted using three years of hospital records (2006 to 2008) from the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Department at Chittagong Medical College Hospital in Bangladesh, with a view toward highlighting current interventional pain practice in a tertiary medical college hospital. The maximum amount of intervention was done in degenerative peripheral joint disorders (600, 46.0%), followed by inflammatory joint diseases (300, 23.0%), soft tissue rheumatism (300, 23.0%), and radicular or referred lower back conditions (100, 8.0%). Of the peripheral joints, the knee was the most common site of intervention. Motor stimulation-guided intralesional injection of methylprednisolone into the piriformis muscle was given in 10 cases of piriformis syndrome refractory to both oral medications and therapeutic exercises. Soft tissue rheumatism of unknown etiology was most common in the form of adhesive capsulitis (90, 64.3%), and is discussed separately. Epidural steroid injection was practiced for various causes of lumbar radiculopathy, with the exception of infective discitis. All procedures were performed using anatomical landmarks, as there were no facilities for the C-arm/diagnostic ultrasound required for accurate and safe intervention. A dedicated IPM setup should be a requirement in all PMR departments, to provide better pain management and to reduce the burden on other specialties. © The Korean Pain Society, 2011. Source

Habib M.A.,Rajshahi Medical College
Saudi journal of kidney diseases and transplantation : an official publication of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation, Saudi Arabia | Year: 2012

To obtain a recent and comprehensive insight into the pattern of glomerular diseases in the Bangladeshi population, we studied 95 adequate renal biopsies done during July 2008 to June 2009, by light and direct immunofluorescence microscopy in the Department of Pathology, Rajshahi Medical College, Northern Region of Bangladesh. Of these, 38 (40%) were males and 57 (60%) were females, with a male to female ratio of 1:1.5. The most frequent clinical presentation was nephrotic syndrome (67.37%). Primary glomerular disease accounted for 91.25% of all glomerular disease and, of them, focal and segmental mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis was the most common histological lesion in 29.47%. Diffuse mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis (GN) was the second most common lesion (15.79%), followed by focal segmental GN (11.58%), minimal change disease (10.53%), membranous GN (7.37%), IgA nephropathy (6.85%), chronic sclerosing GN (2.11%) and crescentic GN (2.11%). Lupus nephritis was the most prevalent among secondary GN. Source

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