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Kamalakar M.V.,Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical science RIMS
Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology | Year: 2015

The objective of this study is to examine the electrocardiographic features of patient stung by scorpions. Thirty six patients stung by scorpions were gathered in the study. 12 lead derivations electrocardiography (ECGs) was performed to all patients. The determined parameters were: PR segment and QRS duration, QTmin, QTmax, QTc, QT dispersion (QTd) intervals, minimum P wave duration (PWmin), maximum P wave duration (PWmax) and P wave dispersion (PWd). Thirty six patients (17 males and 19 females, mean age: 35.7±13.7 years) were included in this analysis. Heart rate (84,5±13,8 beat/min), QRS (98,8±11,8 msn), QTc (412±27,4 msn), QTd (412±27,4 msn), PWmin (412±27,4msn) and PWd (41,4±19,7 msn) were found. Scorpion sting lead electrocardiographic variability. The most common changes were ST changes, sinus tachycardia, atrial ectopic beat, bradycardia, and ventricular ectopic beat. © 2015, Indian Journal of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. All rights reserved.

Vollala V.R.,Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical science RIMS
Anatomical science international | Year: 2011

Bacopa monniera (BM)--a small, creeping herb-has been classified under Medhya rasayana (medicinal plants rejuvenating intellect and memory) in the ancient Indian system of medicine, viz., Ayurveda. Therefore, this plant has been investigated in several laboratories in India for its neuropharmacological effects. Here, we investigated the role of BM standardized extract on the dendritic morphology of amygdaloid neurons-one of the regions concerned with learning and memory. The rat pups (10 days old) were fed standardized extract of BM (20, 40 and 80 mg/kg) for 2, 4 and 6 weeks. After the treatment period, the rats were killed by decapitation, the brains were removed and amygdaloid neurons were impregnated with silver nitrate (Golgi staining). Amygdaloid neurons were traced using camera lucida. Dendritic branching points (a measure of dendritic arborization) and dendritic intersections (a measure of dendritic length) were quantified. These data were compared with control rats. The results showed a significant increase in dendritic length and dendritic branching points along the length of dendrites of the amygdaloid neurons of rats treated with all doses of BM for longer periods of time (i.e., 4 and 6 weeks). We conclude that constituents present in BM extract have neuronal dendritic growth stimulating properties.

Lakmala V.,Gandhi Medical College | Gangam R.R.,Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical science RIMS | Nagaraju P.,RMO
International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences | Year: 2016

The hard palate is an essential part of human skull. It forms the roof of the mouth and floor of nasal cavities. The detailed knowledge of hard palate plays an important role in the passive articulation of speech. The present study was conducted on 30 skulls of which 17 were male cases and 13 female cases collected from the department of Anatomy, Gandhi Medical College, Secunderabad, Telangana state, India. The measurements of palatine length, breadth and height were recorded. Palatine index and palatine height index were calculated using standard formulae. Mean palatine length in male and female cases were 54.18 and 48.0mm respectively. Mean palatine breadth was 34.0 and 32.54mm and height 15.76 and 13.15mm respectively. Mean palatal length showed a highly significant difference between male and female cases. Palatal breadth and height showed no significant difference between both sexes. However, the average values of palatine length, breadth and height in male cases were higher compared to female cases. Palatal Index and Palatal Height Index showed no significant differences between both genders.

Khade J.A.,Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical science RIMS | Phadnaik M.,JKK Nataraja Dental College and Hospital
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2013

Background: Gingival recession, sometimes called root exposure, is a rather common clinical finding in adults. During recent years, a growing concern about an increase in gingival recession has been expressed by a number of dental clinicians all over the world.Studies on the incidence, prevalence, etiology and treatment of gingival recession have been published by various authors from different countries. However, representative information about the occurrence and risk factors of gingival recession in Indian population is limited. Objective: To determine prevalence, extent, severity and associated etiological factors of gingival recession in a sample of dental patients. Materials and Method: 511 subjects of either sex, aged 15 years and above were selected randomly and examined. Demographic data, dental complaints, deleterious oral habits, oral hygiene habits and detailed intraoral examination was done. Prevalence of gingival recession, its correlation to demographic data and etiological factors were examined. Results: The prevalence of gingival recession in the present study was 89.04%.Prevalence increased with increasing age. Tooth powders, tobacco and ash as dentifrice, deleterious habits like smokeless tobacco, pan and/or betelnut chewing, frenum pull, poor oral hygiene and periodontitis contributed significantly in increasing the prevalence of gingival recession. Conclusion: A high prevalence of gingival recession exists in dental patients in India. Etiology of gingival recession appears to be multifactorial.

Balvir T.K.,Government Medical College NagpurMS | Bashir M.S.M.,Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Medical science RIMS | Rahule A.S.,Government Medical College NagpurMS | Badwaik P.,NKP Salve Institute of Medical science NagpurMS
Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development | Year: 2014

Objectives: Anthropometric study of bones conveys information regarding race, sex, age and height of person. We conducted anthropometric study to know bilateral asymmetry in the clavicle of the population of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. Materials and Method: The study consist of fully ossified clavicles belonging to the 60 dissection hall cadavers out of which 48 were males and 12 were females of known sex and stature collected from different medical colleges of the region. Measurements were taken with the help of Osteometric board, Vernier calliper and Spreading caliper. The length of each bone was measured in millimeters and the weight was taken in grams. Data was analyzed using "t" test by Microsoft excel software. Results: The length of right clavicle ranges from 108mm to 156mm with mean 137.78mm, SD 9.95, SEM 1.28 and coefficient of variation 7.22. On the left side the length varied from 108mm to 154mm with mean 138.76mm, SD 9.85, SEM 1.27 and coefficient of variation 7.09.The right clavicle is about 1mm smaller than the left clavicle (p > 0.05). The mean weight of right clavicle was 17.2gm while for left it was 17.09gms indicating that right clavicle is heavier than the left clavicle. Conclusion: We conclude that the left clavicle is slightly longer than the right clavicle in both sexes and the right clavicles are heavier than the left clavicle in both sexes in the population of Vidarbha region of Maharashtra. © 2014, Indian Journal of Public Health Research and Development. All rights reserved.

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