Raja Balwant Singh College

Āgra, India

Raja Balwant Singh College

Āgra, India
SEARCH FILTERS
Time filter
Source Type

A field experiment was conducted in two consecutive kharif and rabi seasons of 2010-11 and 2011-12 at Panwari village, Agra on a sulphur deficient soil to assess the direct effect of sulphur on productivity of pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br. emend Stuntz) and residual effect on succeeding Indian mustard [Brassica juncea (L) Czernj and Coss] and uptake of nutrients by the crops and soil fertility under pearl millet-mustard crop sequence. The experiment was laid out in randomized block design with five levels of sulphur (0, 15, 30, 45 and 60 kg/ha) and four replications. Results revealed that an application of 30 kg S/ha to pearl millet recorded significantly highest plant height (226.5 cm), ear head length (30.1 cm), ear head diameter (10.90 cm), 1000 grains weight (11.08 g) and grain weight/ear head (34.12 g). Sulphur fertilization in preceding pearl millet crop at 45 kg/ha was found to be best for growth and yield attributes of mustard. Pearl millet crop responded significantly up to 30 kg S/ha by producing 3.43 tonnes grain and 8.34 tonnes stover/ha. The residual effect in mustard crop was significant at 45 kg S/ha and grain and straw increments were to the extent of 28.2 and 24.9% over control, respectively. The content and yield of protein in both the crops increased significantly with sulphur up to 45 kg/ha, whereas the content and yield of oil in mustard seeds increased up to 60 kg S/ha. The uptake of S by both the crops increased significantly with increasing levels of sulphur. A phenomenal increase in N, P and K except of Zn was recorded in pearl millet and mustard crop due to increasing levels of sulphur up to 30 and 60 kg S/ha, respectively. The amount of available S was reduced in the control plot but at higher levels of S, sufficient amount of available S remained in the post harvest soil. The values of efficiency indices decreased with the increase in levels of sulphur. Net returns ( 54 961/ha) and benefit: cost ratio (3.82) were the highest with 45 kg S/ha in the pearl millet-mustard crop sequence.


Kumari P.,Indian Agriculture Research Institute | Singh K.P.,Raja Balwant Singh College
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences | Year: 2017

In India, about 40 % of the land area comes under the category of wasteland. Jatropha curcas is a wild species and member of family Euphorbiaceae. The species is attracting people’s attention due to production of bio-diesel and fulfilling the future energy demands. The proper utilization of waste lands for cultivation of energy crop has required an appropriate model. Field experiment was laid-out on alkali wasteland at Mainpuri (Uttar Pradesh, India) to develop a module of package of practices for J. curcas cultivation. The effect of four AM fungi with seven fertilizer combinations has been evaluated for the establishment and biomass production of J. curcas. The auger pits were dug and filled with molasses and compost before transplantation of J. curcas plants. The soil samples of experimental field were also collected before and after plantation of each year for analysis of nutrient availability. The field data was collected periodically after each quarter. The result of the study revealed that use of Urea + SSP + FYM + Vermicompost + molasses inoculated with Acaulospora laevis and Glomus constrictum improved the establishment and biomass production of J. curcas in alkali soil conditions. The physico-chemical properties of the soil have also improved after 3 years of plantation. The moisture per cent, WHC, OM, OC, N, P and EC increased significantly while the pH decreased. © 2015, The National Academy of Sciences, India.


Singh B.,Banaras Hindu University | Sawant P.,Kasturba Gram Dairy Farm | Jain R.,Raja Balwant Singh College
Indian Journal of Animal Research | Year: 2016

The present study was undertaken on data of 113 Gir cows maintained at Kasturba Gram Dairy Farm, Indore, Madhya Pradesh, India over a period of 18 years from 1995 to 2012, based on age at first calving. The overall means for weight at first calving (WFC), age at first calving (AFC), and first lactation milk yield (FLMY) were 402.22±1.28 kg, 1709.04±51.92 days and 1664.95±280.72 litres respectively. The heritability estimates for WFC, AFC and FLMY were 0.248± 0.234, 0.307±0.206 and 0.112±0.252 respectively. The genetic correlation between WFC and AFC was positive and significant, while it was negative in between WFC and FLMY. The genetic correlation between AFC and FLMY was low and negative. The phenotypic correlations between all traits were positive. © 2016, Agricultural Research Communication Centre. All rights reserved.


Kushwah B.S.,University of Lucknow | Kushwah A.V.S.,Monash University | Kushwah A.V.S.,The ERA Foundation | Singh V.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Singh V.,Dr. B.R. Ambedkar University
Journal of Polymer Research | Year: 2016

It is fact that Polymers and their products have changed the face of the world in all the field of the technology. They are the future of the coming up generation of the research of the world. But this is also fact that these synthetic non biodegradable polymers have created a tough situation for the living being for a healthy life. Polyhydroxyalkanoates are polyesters produced by bacteria as intracellular storage materials in response to a variety of nutritional and environmental conditions, such as nitrogen limitation Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) are gaining increasing attention in the biodegradable polymer market due to their promising properties such as high biodegradability in different environments, not just in composting plants, and processing versatility. Indeed among biopolymers, these biogenic polyesters represent a potential sustainable replacement for fossil fuel-based thermoplastics. Most commercially available PHAs are obtained with pure microbial cultures grown on renewable feedstocks (i.e.glucose) under sterile conditions but recent research studies focus on the use of wastes as growth media.PHA can be extracted from the bacteria cell and then formulated and processed by extrusion for production of rigid and flexible plastic suitable not just for the most assessed medical applications but also considered for applications including packaging, moulded goods, paper coatings, non-oven fabrics, adhesives, films and performance additives. The present paper reviews the PHAs, their main properties, processing aspects, commercially available ones, as well as limitations and related improvements being researched,with specific focus on potential applications of PHAs in packaging. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.


Yadav A.K.,Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology | Yadav A.K.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Chauhan S.K.,Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology | Singh S.K.,Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology | Goyal V.,Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture & Technology
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2010

A field experiment was conducted during 2005-06 and 2006-07 to evaluate sowing date and nitrogen levels in the vegetable pea. The vegetable pea-wheat-maize crop rotation repeated on the fixed plot for 2 years. The different doses of nitrogen were applied in vegetable pea whose residual effect was studied on second (wheat) and third (maize) crop applying uniform level of fertilizer dose in wheat and maize. The growth characteristics of vegetable pea, ie plant height, nodules/plant, dry weight/plant, fresh weight/plant, dry weight/plant, days to 50% flowering and days of first picking of pods is significantly higher when vegetable pea is sown on 20 October compared with 30 September and 10 October sown. The growth characters of vegetable pea and wheat crop is significantly higher in N80 treatment compared to N60, N 40, N20 and No treatments, respectively. The B:C ratio shows the opposite trend which shows the highest ratio of 1:1.72 sown on 30 September than observed on later dates of sowing. This may be due to the fact that early vegetable fetches more prices in the market. The higher pod yield of vegetable pea was 5.43 tonnes/ha sown on 20 October which was 4.3 and 8% higher than the pod yield obtained in 10 October and 30 September sown, respectively. Significantly higher yield of 5.48 tonnes/ha was recorded at N80 treatment which was 0.8,2.7, 6.5 and 1.5% higher than N60, N40, N 20 and No kg/ha. The yield of wheat crop is maximum, ie 3.66 tonnes/ha in first date of sowing which was 3.0 and 6% higher than second and third date of sowing. The residues of N from N80 treatment plot being at par with N60 and N40 levels producing significantly higher yield of wheat than N20 and No levels. Non-significantly relationship was observed for all nitrogen treatments in maize crop.


Kumar D.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Singh S.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Singh S.,RBS College | Singh J.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Singh S.P.,Raja Balwant Singh College
Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences | Year: 2015

A field experiment was conducted at Bichpuri (Agra) during rabi season of 2006-07 and 2007-08 to assess the effect of organic and inorganic fertilizers on wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) productivity and soil fertility. The grain and straw yields of wheat increased significantly with increasing levels of NPK fertilizers up to 150% NPK. The average increase in grain and straw yield over the control was 29.7 and 32.3 and 46.2 and 56.4 % with the application of 100 and 150% NPK, respectively. There was a significant increase in uptake of nutrients by wheat crop up to 150% NPK and in Zn uptake up to 100% NPK. Integrated use of fertilizers with S and Zn increased the grain and straw yield by 32.0 and 43.4 and 35.5 and 45.5 % over control, respectively. The highest grain and straw yield was recorded with 100% NPK + 12.5 tonnes FYM/ha with a record of 46.5 and 57.7 % increase over control (28.73 and 39.87q/ha ) while the application of 100% NPK + 7.5 tonnes GLM/ha ( 42.7 and 45.9 %) was on par with 150% NPK. The combined use of 100% NPK + 12.5 tonnes FYM/ha gave the highest net return and benefit:cost ratio. In general, fertilizer treatments including FYM proved superior to no FYM in respect of yield of protein. The maximum uptake of NPK by the crop was noted with 150% NPK which was statistically at par with 100% NPK + 12.5 tonnes FYM/ha and those of S and Zn with 100% NPK + 20 kg S/ha and 100% NPK + 5 kg Zn/ha, respectively. Integrated use of FYM with mineral fertilizers improved the organic carbon status and available N, P, K, S and Zn in soil thereby, sustaining the soil health. The omission of S and Zn in fertilizer schedule caused a depletion in the available S and Zn status of soil.


Solanki V.P.S.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Singh V.,Raja Balwant Singh College
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences | Year: 2010

A field experiment was conducted during rabi seasons of 2005-07 at Bichpuri (Agra) to study the response of faba bean to Zn application Application of zinc upto 5 kg ha -1 significantly increased the seed and straw yield of faba bean by 33.7% and 39 8% whereas at higher zinc level (10 kg Zn ha -1) the yields tended to decrease Zinc application increased the uptake of N, P, K, S and Zn in faba bean seed and straw over control. The maximum values of protein content (26.53%) and yield (13 9 q ha -1) in seeds were recorded with 5 kg Zn ha -1 Faba bean crop gave maximum net profit (Rs 128690 ha -1) and B /C ratio (2.34) with 5 kg Zn ha -1 The apparent recovery of zinc was influenced by zinc level with maximum (2 2%) at 5 kg Zn ha -1 The zinc use efficiency decreased with its increasing levels and minimum use efficiency was recorded at 10 kg Zn ha -1 application.


Kumari P.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Singh K.P.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Rathore R.K.S.,Raja Balwant Singh College
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences | Year: 2011

The biochemical methods of seed identification in oleiferous brassicas have resulted in the correlation of their phylogeny and diversification. In biochemical studies, the profiling of seed proteins by SDS-PAGE method provides bands of different molecular weights. Some protein bands are common in a given species with variations in their varietal genotypes. The identification of seeds based on anatomical studies is thus further confirmed by profiling of their proteins. Based on protein profiling by electrophoresis, identification of eleven cultivars of oil seed Brassica has been successfully attempted and their interrelationships have also been discussed.


Kumari P.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Singh K.P.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Rathore R.K.S.,Raja Balwant Singh College
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences India Section B - Biological Sciences | Year: 2011

Preliminary observations recorded on eleven genotypes of oleiferous brassicas revealed that plant height is not necessarily correlated with length of raceme on main shoot. However a negative correlation between length of raceme on main shoot and number of secondary branches per plant was seen in all eleven genotypes under present investigation. The lowest angle of pod with respect to main axis is associated with non-shattering character. Thus B. napus is shattering type and B. nigra with lowest angle is least shattering type. Number of seeds per siliqua is not always associated with siliqua length. Thus B. napus having longest pods contain less seeds than B. campestris var. toria having medium size pods. Flower observation reveals that larger petal size is associated with predominantly cross-pollinated character and longer stamens were found in all the self incompatible and diploid genotypes.


Sahay N.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Singh S.P.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Ali J.,Raja Balwant Singh College | Sharma Y.K.,Raja Balwant Singh College
Legume Research | Year: 2015

A field experiment was conducted during rabi season of 2008-2010 at Bichpuri (Agra) to study the effect of cobalt and sulphur on growth, yield and uptake of nutrients in lentil. Treatments consisted of four levels of cobalt (0, 2, 4 and 8 kg ha-1) and four levels of sulphur (0, 10, 20 and 40 kg ha-1). The growth and yield attributes increased significantly up to 4 kg Co ha-1 over control, while increases in these were noted up to 20 kg S ha-1. Application of 4 kg Co ha-1 increased the grain and straw yield by 16.0 and 15.5% over control, respectively but 8 kg Co ha-1 decreased it. Yield of lentil increased linearly with increasing levels of S over control. The magnitude of increase in grain and straw yield was 26.7 and 28.3% due to 20 kg S ha-1 over control, respectively. The uptake of Co and S in grain and straw increased significantly with their respective application. Application of 20 kg S ha-1 increased Co uptake by the crop while S uptake increased with 2 kg Co ha-1 only by the crop. The uptake of N, P and K by the crop increased significantly up to 4 kg Co ha-1. Similarly S application up to 40 kg ha-1 increased significantly the uptake of N and K by the crop. Protein content in grain increased significantly with the addition of Co (8 kg ha-1) and sulphur (40 kg ha-1). © 2015, Agricultural Research Communication Centre. All Rights Reserved.

Loading Raja Balwant Singh College collaborators
Loading Raja Balwant Singh College collaborators