RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel

Aveiro, Portugal

RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel

Aveiro, Portugal
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Valente C.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Goncalves C.I.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Reis A.,Altri Florestal S.A. | Branco M.,University of Lisbon
Journal of Pest Science | Year: 2017

The Eucalyptus snout beetle, Gonipterus platensis (Marelli), causes severe damage to eucalypt plantations in several countries, despite the presence of the parasitoid Anaphes nitens (Girault). Climate and/or host–parasitoid mismatch may explain A. nitens shortcomings in some areas in Portugal, Spain, Chile, South Africa, or Australia. Because additional parasitoids may be needed to achieve reliable control of this pest, Anaphes inexpectatus Huber and Prinsloo, retrieved from field surveys conducted in Tasmania (the pest’s native habitat), was selected for pre-release studies in Portugal. Life history traits of A. inexpectatus and A. nitens were compared at six temperatures (5, 10, 15, 20, 25, and 30 °C), including development times, thermal constants, viability, parasitism, and behaviour. Temperatures ranging from 10 to 20 °C were adequate for development, while at 25 and 30 °C, deleterious effects of temperature were detected, particularly in A. nitens. Development thresholds were similar for A. inexpectatus and A. nitens (6.0 and 5.4 °C, respectively), but A. nitens needed 313 degree-days to complete development, while A. inexpectatus needed 263 degree-days. Globally, A. nitens produced more progeny, parasitised more eggs, and lived longer than A. inexpectatus. Net reproductive rates were higher for A. inexpectatus at lower temperatures (10 and 15 °C), and higher for A. nitens at moderate temperatures (20 and 25 °C). In addition, A. inexpectatus evidenced higher tolerance to the highest temperature tested (30 °C). Anaphes inexpectatus is likely to establish under field conditions and may enhance parasitism of G. platensis. © 2017 Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg

Valente C.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Afonso C.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Goncalves C.I.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Alonso-Zarazaga M.A.,CSIC - National Museum of Natural Sciences | And 2 more authors.
BioControl | Year: 2017

Classical biological control is a valuable tool against invasive pests, but concerns about non-target effects requires risk assessment studies. Potential non-target effects of Anaphes inexpectatus Huber and Prinsloo (Hymenoptera: Mymaridae) were assessed for a classical biological control programme against the Eucalyptus snout beetle, Gonipterus platensis (Marelli) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). No-choice tests were conducted with 17 non-target species to assess host specificity, including 11 curculionids. In behavioural observations, A. inexpectatus showed no interest in any of the non-target species, but two weevil species were parasitised within five days of exposure, although at significantly lower rates than G. platensis. In choice tests, only one non-target, Hypera postica (Gyllenhal) (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), was parasitised, at a rate of 0.6%, while 50.0% of G. platensis eggs were parasitised. Based on the host specificity test results and the potential host fauna found in the target area, the likelihood of non-target effects resulting from the release of A. inexpectatus is considered to be negligible. © 2017 International Organization for Biological Control (IOBC)

Ward S.E.,Natural History Museum in London | Valente C.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Goncalves C.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Polaszek A.,Natural History Museum in London
Biodiversity Data Journal | Year: 2016

Background Centrodora is a relatively common and widespread genus of morphologically diverse species, and is the most polyphagous genus known within the Aphelinidae, attacking eggs of insects in addition to pupae of Diptera and Hymenoptera, and nymphs of Hemiptera (Polaszek 1991). There are currently about 60 valid species in the genus, but given its morphological and biological diversity, some elevation of species-groups and subgenera to genus-level might be useful in future. Centrodora is represented in Australia by twelve species (Noyes 2015). New information Centrodora damoni (Girault) is redescribed and diagnosed from recently collected specimens reared from the eucalyptus weevil Gonipterus sp. near scutellatus Gyllenhal (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) from Tasmania, Australia. A lectotype is designated from a syntype specimen. © Ward S et al.

Garcia A.,University of Lisbon | Figueiredo E.,University of Lisbon | Valente C.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Monserrat V.J.,Complutense University of Madrid | Branco M.,University of Lisbon
Bulletin of Insectology | Year: 2013

The Eucalyptus pest Thaumastocoris peregrinus Carpintero et Dellape, (Hemiptera Thaumastocoridae) was found in a Eucalyptus arboretum in Lisbon, Portugal, in April 2012. This is the first report for this species in Western Europe. Separate surveys were conducted to assess the geographical distribution, host plant susceptibility and natural enemies of T. peregrinus. To ascertain the geographical distribution of T. peregrinus surveys were conducted between May and June 2012 at 53 sites in central and southern Portugal. T. peregrinus was present in only three sites, which were all located in Lisbon and surrounding areas suggesting an introduction pathway through the harbors or the airport in this coastal city. Of the 30 Eucalyptus species present in Lisbon's Eucalyptus arboretum, 14 were confirmed as infested by T. peregrinus during the first survey in April 2012. In August 2012 the host range had increased to 19 Eucalyptus species, revealing an expansion phase. We report the first record of Hemerobius bolivari Banks (Neuroptera Hemerobiidae), a native of South America, preying on T. peregrinus nymphs. This is the first record of H. bolivari in Europe and we hypothesized that this predator may have reached Europe together with its prey.

Saraiva M.S.,University of Coimbra | Gamelas J.A.F.,University of Coimbra | De Sousa A.P.M.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | Reis B.M.,RAIZ Institute Investigacao da Floresta e Papel | And 2 more authors.
Materials | Year: 2010

A new approach for the chemical modification of the surface of paper based on the application of colloidal mixtures containing cationic starch and polyoxometalates on uncoated base paper is presented. Polyoxometalates with the Keggin-type structure and physical properties similar to those presented by coating pigments, namely H3PW12O40·23H2O, H4SiW12O40·24H2O, and K7PW11O39·9H2O, have been used in order to improve the quality of inkjet printing. The analysis of the different samples by FTIRATR spectroscopy showed the presence of the polyoxometalates (and the cationic starch) on the top surface of the paper. In addition, the determination of surface energy parameters, namely the polar component (σs p) and the dispersive component (σs d) of the surface energy, by contact angle measurements revealed that, for the new samples, the polar component level was much higher than that of the uncoated base paper. The quality of inkjet printing, evaluated by parameters such as the gamut area and the optical density, was considerably improved by these surface treatments. © 2010 by the authors.

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