Sant M.,Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori |
Allemani C.,Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori |
Tereanu C.,Fondazione IRCCS Instituto Nazionale dei Tumori |
De Angelis R.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita |
And 54 more authors.
Blood | Year: 2010
Changing definitions and classifications of hematologic malignancies (HMs) complicate incidence comparisons. HAEMACARE classified HMs into groupings consistent with the latest World Health Organization classification and useful for epidemiologic and public health purposes. We present crude, age-specific and age-standardized incidence rates for European HMs according to these groupings, estimated from 66 371 lymphoid malignancies (LMs) and 21 796 myeloid malignancies (MMs) registered in 2000-2002 by 44 European cancer registries, grouped into 5 regions. Age-standardized incidence rates were 24.5 (per 100 000) for LMs and 7.55 for MMs. The commonest LMs were plasma cell neoplasms (4.62), small B-cell lymphocytic lymphoma/chronic lymphatic leukemia (3.79), diffuse B-cell lymphoma (3.13), and Hodgkin lymphoma (2.41). The commonest MMs were acute myeloid leukemia (2.96), other myeloproliferative neoplasms (1.76), and myelodysplastic syndrome (1.24). Unknown morphology LMs were commonest in Northern Europe (7.53); unknown morphology MMs were commonest in Southern Europe (0.73). Overall incidence was lowest in Eastern Europe and lower in women than in men. For most LMs, incidence was highest in Southern Europe; for MMs incidence was highest in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Differences in diagnostic and registration criteria are an important cause of incidence variation; however, different distribution of HM risk factors also contributes. The quality of population-based HM data needs further improvement. © 2010 by The American Society of Hematology.
Bouvier A.-M.,French Institute of Health and Medical Research |
Sant M.,Fondazione IRCCS |
Verdecchia A.,Instituto Superiore Of Sanita |
Forman D.,Northern and Yorkshire Cancer Registry |
And 15 more authors.
European Journal of Cancer | Year: 2010
Background: Wide geographic variations in survival for gastric cancer in Europe have been reported. The aim of this study was to analyse the effect of stage at diagnosis, treatment and cancer characteristics on long-term survival for gastric cancer in populations covered by cancer registries. Methods: We analysed survival in 4620 cases of gastric cancer from 17 European population-based cancer registries from 8 countries. Univariate and multivariate regression of relative survival were performed. Results: Five-year relative survival varied between 10.6% and 24.0%, while 10-year survival ranged from 7.7% to 23.0%. After adjustment for age and sex, the regional excess hazard ratio (EHR) of death was significantly higher in Ragusa, Granada, Yorkshire, Slovakia, Slovenia and Poland than in France, Northern Italy, The Netherlands and the Basque Country. After further adjustment for surgical resection versus no resection (a proxy of stage), the EHR of death remained significantly higher only in Granada and Yorkshire than in the reference country (France). After adjustment for stage, the EHR was significantly higher only in Yorkshire (EHR: 1.51; 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.29-1.77). The EHR in this area was limited to the first year following diagnosis. Conclusion: Differences across Europe in gastric cancer survival depend to a large extent on differences in stage at diagnosis. However they do not explain all variations. Quality of management and treatment can explain some differences. © 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
PubMed | Italian Association of Medical Oncologists AIOM, Trapani Cancer Registry, Associazione Senza Limiti, Inter institutional Epidemiology Unit and 5 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer | Year: 2016
To illustrate the out-of-pocket (OOP) costs incurred by a population-based group of patients from 5 to 10 years since their cancer diagnosis in a country with a nationwide public health system.Interviews on OOP costs to a sample of 5-10 year prevalent cases randomly extracted from four population-based cancer registries (CRs), two in the north and two in the south of Italy. The patients general practitioners (GPs) gave assurance about the patients physical and psychological condition for the interview. A zero-inflated negative binomial model was used to analyze OOP cost determinants.Two hundred six cancer patients were interviewed (48 % of the original sample). On average, a patient in the north spent 69 monthly, against 244 in the south. The main differences are for transport, room, and board (TRB) to reach the hospital and/or the cancer specialist (north 0; south 119). Everywhere, OOP costs without TRB costs were higher for patients with a low quality of life.Despite the limited participation, our study samples characteristics are similar to those of the Italian cancer prevalence population, allowing us to generalize the results. The higher OOP costs in the south may be due to the scarcity of oncologic structures, obliging patients to seek assistance far from their residence. Implications for cancer survivors Cancer survivors need descriptive studies to show realistic data about their status. Future Italian and European descriptive studies on cancer survivorship should be based on population CRs and involve GPs in order to approach the patient at best.
PubMed | Danish Cancer Society, Public Health Directorate, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, University of Tromsø and 23 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: British journal of cancer | Year: 2015
Results from several cohort and case-control studies suggest a protective association between current alcohol intake and risk of thyroid carcinoma, but the epidemiological evidence is not completely consistent and several questions remain unanswered.The association between alcohol consumption at recruitment and over the lifetime and risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma was examined in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Among 477263 eligible participants (70% women), 556 (90% women) were diagnosed with differentiated thyroid carcinoma over a mean follow-up of 11 years. Hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated using multivariable Cox proportional hazards models.Compared with participants consuming 0.1-4.9 g of alcohol per day at recruitment, participants consuming 15 or more grams (approximately 1-1.5 drinks) had a 23% lower risk of differentiated thyroid carcinoma (HR=0.77; 95% CI=0.60-0.98). These findings did not differ greatly when analyses were conducted for lifetime alcohol consumption, although the risk estimates were attenuated and not statistically significant anymore. Similar results were observed by type of alcoholic beverage, by differentiated thyroid carcinoma histology or according to age, sex, smoking status, body mass index and diabetes.Our study provides some support to the hypothesis that moderate alcohol consumption may be associated with a lower risk of papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas.
PubMed | Danish Cancer Society, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC, Public Health Directorate, University of Tromsø and 20 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: European journal of epidemiology | Year: 2016
Previous case-control studies have suggested a possible increased risk of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS) with physical activity (PA), but this association has never been studied in prospective cohort studies. We therefore assessed the association between PA and risk of death from ALS in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. A total of 472,100 individuals were included in the analysis, yielding 219 ALS deaths. At recruitment, information on PA was collected thorough standardised questionnaires. Total PA was expressed by the Cambridge Physical Activity Index (CPAI) and analysed in relation to ALS mortality, using Cox hazard models. Interactions with age, sex, and anthropometric measures were assessed. Total PA was weakly inversely associated with ALS mortality with a borderline statistically significant trend across categories (p = 0.042), with those physically active being 33% less likely to die from ALS compared to those inactive: HR = 0.67 (95% CI 0.42-1.06). Anthropometric measures, sex, and age did not modify the association with CPAI. The present study shows a slightly decreased-not increased like in case-control studies-risk of dying from ALS in those with high levels of total PA at enrolment. This association does not appear confounded by age, gender, anthropometry, smoking, and education. Ours was the first prospective cohort study on ALS and physical activity.
PubMed | Italian Agricultural Research Council, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, Roosevelt University, International Agency for Research on Cancer IARC WHO and 13 more.
Type: Journal Article | Journal: The British journal of nutrition | Year: 2015
Eating out has been linked to the current obesity epidemic, but the evaluation of the extent to which out of home (OH) dietary intakes are different from those at home (AH) is limited. Data collected among 8849 men and 14,277 women aged 35-64 years from the general population of eleven European countries through 24-h dietary recalls or food diaries were analysed to: (1) compare food consumption OH to those AH; (2) describe the characteristics of substantial OH eaters, defined as those who consumed 25 % or more of their total daily energy intake at OH locations. Logistic regression models were fit to identify personal characteristics associated with eating out. In both sexes, beverages, sugar, desserts, sweet and savoury bakery products were consumed more OH than AH. In some countries, men reported higher intakes of fish OH than AH. Overall, substantial OH eating was more common among men, the younger and the more educated participants, but was weakly associated with total energy intake. The substantial OH eaters reported similar dietary intakes OH and AH. Individuals who were not identified as substantial OH eaters reported consuming proportionally higher quantities of sweet and savoury bakery products, soft drinks, juices and other non-alcoholic beverages OH than AH. The OH intakes were different from the AH ones, only among individuals who reported a relatively small contribution of OH eating to their daily intakes and this may partly explain the inconsistent findings relating eating out to the current obesity epidemic.
Hosnijeh F.S.,University Utrecht |
Hosnijeh F.S.,Zanjan University of Medical Sciences |
Krop E.J.M.,University Utrecht |
Scoccianti C.,IARC |
And 11 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention | Year: 2010
Background: Recently, biological markers related to the immune system such as cytokines have been studied to further understand the etiology of non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (NHL). However, to date, there are no studies that have studied cytokine levels prospectively in relation to NHL risk in the general population. Methods: Using bead-based immunoassays, plasma levels of 11 cytokines, 4 chemokines, and 1 adhesion molecules were measured in prediagnostic blood samples of 86 NHL cases and 86 matched controls (average time between blood collection and diagnosis, 4.5 y). Conditional logistic regression adjusted for body mass index and alcohol consumption was used to analyze the association between individual plasma cytokine levels and the risk of developing NHL. Results: In multivariate models, excluding cases diagnosed within 2 years after inclusion, we observed a significant association for interleukin 2 (IL2; P trend = 0.004), interferon (IFN)-γ (P trend = 0.05), and intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM) (P trend = 0.04). Subanalyses of B-cell NHL patients showed a significant association with IL2 (P trend = 0.003), tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α; P trend = 0.03), and ICAM (P trend = 0.04) and a borderline association with IL5 (P trend = 0.07) and IFN-γ (P trend = 0.08). Conclusions: The results of this study suggest, in a prospective setting, a possible association between plasma levels of IL2, ICAM, IFN-γ, and TNF-α with NHL risk and provide some evidence that risk of NHL might be related to a downregulation of T helper 1 cytokines. Impact: Identification of subtle changes in immune response regulation quantified by plasma cytokine levels possibly provides newinsights in the etiology of NHL. ©2010 AACR.
Vermeulen R.,University Utrecht |
Hosnijeh F.S.,University Utrecht |
Hosnijeh F.S.,Zanjan University of Medical Sciences |
Portengen L.,University Utrecht |
And 10 more authors.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention | Year: 2011
Background: Elevated circulating soluble CD30 (sCD30) has been previously associated with AIDS-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) risk. This finding was recently extended to the general population where elevated levels of sCD30 were reported in prediagnostic serum among subjects that developed NHL later in life. Methods: We carried out a replication study within the Italian European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. Plasma sCD30 concentration was measured by ELISA in prospectively collected blood of 35 B-cell lymphoma cases and 36 matched controls. Results: We observed significantly increased relative risks for lymphoma with increasing sCD30 levels [OR (95% CI) for second and third tertiles vs. first tertile: 5.5 (1.5-20.2), 4.0 (1.1-13.9), respectively]. In addition, spline analyses showed that the dose-response curve of sCD30 and lymphoma risk was monotonic and quite similar to the risks reported in the previous study. Conclusion: This replication study adds to the evidence that sCD30 is related to future lymphoma risk in a concentration-dependent manner in the general population. Impact: The results of this study strengthen the observation that chronic sustained B-cell activation plays an important role in lymphomagenesis. ©2011 AACR.
Chuang S.-C.,Imperial College London |
Gallo V.,Imperial College London |
Michaud D.,Imperial College London |
Michaud D.,Brown University |
And 19 more authors.
Cancer Causes and Control | Year: 2011
The association between childhood environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) exposure and adult cancer risk is controversial; we examined this relationship in never smokers within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) cohort. Over an average of 10 years, 8,372 cases of cancer were diagnosed in 112,430 never smokers in EPIC. Childhood ETS was self-reported by participants at baseline, along with other lifestyle factors. Hazard ratios (HR) for ETS exposure in childhood and their 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated by Cox proportional hazards models stratified by age, sex, and study center and adjusted for education, alcohol drinking, body mass index, physical activity, non-alcoholic energy intake, fruit and vegetable intake, and adulthood ETS exposure. Models were further adjusted for reproductive factors for female cancers, for meat intake for digestive system cancers, and for diabetes status for pancreatic cancer. No association was observed between childhood ETS exposure and overall cancer risks (HR = 0.97, 95% CI = 0.92-1.02), and for selected sites. The only exception was pancreatic cancer, as previously reported by Vrieling et al., among those who had been exposed daily in childhood (overall HR = 2.09, 95% CI = 1.14-3.84). In conclusion, childhood ETS exposure might not be a major risk factor for common cancers in adulthood. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010.
Baili P.,Instituto Nazionale Dei Tumori |
Vicentini M.,Reggio Emilia Cancer Registry |
Tumino R.,Ragusa Cancer Registry |
Vercelli M.,Instituto Nazionale per la Ricerca sul Cancro |
And 9 more authors.
Acta Oncologica | Year: 2013
Cancer prevalence is the proportion of a population diagnosed with cancer. We present a method for differentiating prevalence into the proportions expected to survive without relapse, die of cancer within a year, and die of cancer within 10 years or survive with relapse at the end of the 10th year. Material and methods. The method was applied to samples of colorectal cancer cases, randomly extracted from four Italian cancer registries (CRs). The CRs collected data on treatments, local relapses, distant relapses, and causes of death: 1) over the entire follow-up to 31 December 2007 for 601 cases diagnosed in 2002 (cohort approach); 2) over a single year (2007) for five cohorts of cases defined by year of diagnosis (from 1997 to 2001), alive at 1 January 2007 (total 298 cases). The cohorts were combined into a fictitious cohort with 10 years survival experience. For each year j after diagnosis the health status of cases alive at the beginning of j was estimated at the end of the 10th year. From these estimates the 10-year colorectal cancer prevalence was differentiated. Results. We estimated: 74.7% alive without relapse or not undergoing treatment at the end of 10 years; 8.1% had died of colorectal cancer within a year; 11.4% had died of colorectal cancer 1-10 years after diagnosis or had relapsed or were undergoing treatment at the end of the 10th year; and 5.8% had died of other causes. Conclusions. We have introduced a new method for estimating the healthcare and rehabilitation demands of cancer survivors based on CR data plus treatment and relapse data specifically collected for samples of cases archived by CRs. © 2013 Informa Healthcare.