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Stevens Point, CA, United States

Atwater D.,Moulton Niguel Water District | Cruz J.,Raftelis Financial Consultants Inc. | Lee J.K.,Urban Futures Inc. | Atwater P.,Center for Urban Science and Progress
Journal - American Water Works Association | Year: 2015

Weathering the financial risks and water supply management issues precipitated by a drought-constrained supply is possible when utility managers use the available customer information to select appropriate drought response policy tools. The utility must continue to deliver high-quality water on demand to its customers, while customers' response to regulatory and scarcity-driven calls for conservation decreases both the utility's revenues and its ability to recover the costs incurred from providing water service. Needed infrastructure refurbishment further compounds the financial challenges brought on by drought.

Carter C.N.,1031 S. Caldwell St. | Craley R.,Raftelis Financial Consultants Inc. | Stannard W.,Raftelis Financial Consultants Inc.
Journal - American Water Works Association | Year: 2015

Nearly every utility is dealing with infrastructure- and financing-related issues as well as overall rising operating costs. As a result, customer rates are rising. Utilities have explored and continue to explore new rate structuresto either achieve greater equity among ratepayersor certain utility-specific objectives such as conservation.Inclining block rate structures, designed to promoteconservation, are becoming more common among utilitiesnationwide, particularly in the West and the South,though the structure has increased in popularity in theNortheast in recent years as well. Unfortunately, manyutilities struggle with the adverse financial effects ofconservation namely, the decrease in units sold. Thecycle of decreased consumption leading to increasedrates proves frustrating for many utility ratepayers andstakeholders, but not having any control or ability to modify behavior to lower a high bill as a result of a high fixed-charge component can be equally frustrating, particularlyfor low-income users. Additional research will be necessary to further examine the pricing mechanismsthat utilities use to balance these objectives and theextent to which utilities across the country are handling similar challenges in different ways.

Gaur S.,Raftelis Financial Consultants Inc. | Lim B.,Raftelis Financial Consultants Inc. | Phan K.,Raftelis Financial Consultants Inc.
Journal - American Water Works Association | Year: 2013

Water rate data of 14 counties in California, US, were analyzed from 2003 to 2011 to better understand trends in total water bills and rate structures. Averages from these counties were combined to create a California average. An interesting trend to note was that the bills of all the counties were limited between $20-$40 range in 2003, with the exception of Santa Barbara. The range of bills for each county have tended to increase over successive years after 2003, and the total bills ranged between a low of $36 and a high of $92 in 2011. Counties with the highest bills tended to be in the Northern California area with three of the four counties with highest bills in 2011 being San Mateo, San Francisco, and Santa Cruz. Counties with the lowest bills tended to be from Southern California area, including Riverside and Sacramento.

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