Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences

Rafsanjan, Iran

Rafsanjan University of Medical science , is Located in the city of Rafsanjan in Kerman Province, south central of Iran.The university was established by the Iranian Ministry of Health in 1986. At the present, RUMS have 3 schools including School of Medicine, School of Dentistry and School of Nursing, Midwifery, in which students are studying in various disciplines and grades including professional doctorate in Medicine, Professional doctorate in Dentistry, Master of Biochemistry, Master of Physiology, Bachelor of nursing, Bachelor of laboratory science, Bachelor of Midwifery, Bachelor of Radiology, Bachelor Of Anesthesiology, Bachelor of Operating Room and Technician of Emergency Medicine.Currently, the number of academic members at the RUMS and the Rafsanjan School of Medicine is 125 and 70 respectively. So far, 18 courses of medical students have graduated from Rafsanjan School of Medicine. At present, 288 medical students of different levels are studying in the School.The university manages all public hospitals in the city of Rafsanjan, as well as all urban and rural health centers and clinics in the Rafsanjan and Anar counties. Wikipedia.

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Bagherian A.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Journal of oral science | Year: 2010

Dental caries is the most common chronic childhood disease. Deep caries and dental trauma are the two main etiologic factors responsible for pulp involvement. Better knowledge of the morphology of the root canals of deciduous teeth can improve the outcome of pulp treatment. In this study, 90 deciduous molar teeth (27 first mandibular molars, 27 first maxillary molars, 22 second mandibular molars and 14 second maxillary molars) were prepared using the clearing technique, and then dye was injected into the pulp cavity of each tooth. The roots of the teeth were examined under a stereomicroscope at × 10 magnification from different aspects. Measurements of root length and angulation were also recorded, and the data were analyzed using SPSS-16 software. Deciduous molar teeth in all four classes showed variability in the number of roots and root canals, and also differed in mean root length and angulation. Type I and IV root canal configurations were observed in the samples, and different types of curvature were recorded for the root canals in all four classes. As deciduous molar teeth exhibit morphologic differences from permanent teeth, a thorough knowledge of the root canals in the former can improve the outcome of pulp treatment.

Hassanshahi G.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Southern Medical Journal | Year: 2011

BACKGROUND: Chemokines and their receptors are clinically important mediators, as the chemokine receptors are expressed on almost all immune cells. They play pivotal roles in pathogenesis of almost all clinical situations including asthma. Correspondingly, MIP-1α (CCL3), MIP-1β (CCL4), and RANTES (CCL5) are among the important chemokines involved in the pathogenesis of asthma. These chemokines bind to the CCR5 (their related receptor) on the cell surfaces. Attachment of related chemokine ligands to CCR5 plays an important role in the pathogenesis of asthma; hence, this study aimed to analyze δ32 mutations in CCR5 in asthmatic patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This experimental study was undertaken on 162 asthmatic patients and 200 healthy controls during February to June 2008 at Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. The Gap-PCR method was applied to analyze the δ32 mutation in the CCR5 gene, and demographic data (eg, age, sex, occupation, socio-economic status) were collected using a questionnaire. RESULTS: The findings of this study indicated that none of the asthmatic patients exhibited δ32 mutation in CCR5 chemokine receptor while only 3 (1.5%) of controls had the heterozygotic form of this mutation. DISCUSSION: Several research groups analyzed δ32 mutations in CCR5 in different diseases, including asthma. Some investigations reported a significant relation between asthma and δ32 mutations in CCR5, but there are also many reports which failed to find a relation between asthma and this mutation. Based on the results of this study and others, it seems that the δ32 mutation does not affect the pathogenesis of asthma. Copyright © 2011 by The Southern Medical Association.

Bagherian A.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Journal of oral science | Year: 2011

Radiographs of developing teeth are commonly used to assess dental maturity. The method for assessment of dental maturity first described by Demirjian is widely used and accepted. The aim of this study was to assess the accuracy of the Demirjian method in an Iranian population in order to compare the difference in dental maturity between these children with the data obtained in Canadian children and to determine whether there is a correlation between dental maturity and BMI-for-age. In this study, the orthopantomographs of 519 healthy children (264 boys and 255 girls) aged 3.5-13.5 years were reviewed and the dental age was determined by the Demirjian method. The chronological ages of the children were obtained by subtracting their birthdates from the date of taking the radiograph. Height and weight measurements were also recorded and the data were analyzed using SPSS-16 software. The Demirjian method overestimated the age by 0.15 and 0.21 years in boys and girls, respectively. Paired t-test analysis showed that these differences were statistically significant (P = 0.001). The increase in mean age difference initiated from the underweight group towards the overweight group, but this correlation was not statistically significant (P = 0.094). Based on the amount of differences between estimated dental age and chronological age in this investigation, the Demirjian method seems to be clinically applicable in the Iranian population.

Arababadi M.K.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases | Year: 2010

Introduction. The impact of several environmental and genetic factors on diabetes mellitus and its complications is well documented. It has also been established that cytokines play key roles in the pathogenesis of nephropathy. Polymorphisms of the -590 region of interleukin (IL)-4 are associated with the regulation of expression of this gene. In this study, we aimed to find polymorphisms of this region in nephropathic type 2 diabetic patients. Materials and Methods. Peripheral blood samples were collected from 100 type 2 diabetic patients with nephropathy and 150 healthy controls. DNA was extracted and a polymerase chain reactionrestricted fragment length polymorphism technique was performed to examine polymorphisms in the -590 region of the IL-4 gene. Results. Our results showed a significant difference between the C/C, T/C, and T/T genotypes and the C and T alleles of the -590 region of IL-4 in nephropathic patients in comparison with the healthy controls. Conclusions. Results of this study suggest that the functional gene polymorphisms of IL-4 play an important role in the pathogenesis of diabetic nephropathy in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Rezaeian M.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Acta Medica Iranica | Year: 2014

Self-immolation is a fatal and devastating method of committing suicide used around the world. The chief aim of the present article is to look at the trend of indexed papers in PubMed covering different aspects of self-immolation. PubMed search engine (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov) was searched by using six keywords i.e. "self-immolation", "self-inflicted burn", "self-burning", "self-incineration", "suicidal burns" and "suicide by burning". These keywords should appear either in the title or the abstract of the articles. The time frame was set as to retrieve papers expanding from early indexing time up to end of the year 2011. Based on the search strategy 132 papers were retrieved from these total numbers; 12 (9%) were categorized as review papers; 24 (18%) as case reports and the rest 96 (73%) were original studies. It seems that the number of papers increased during the years of investigations and the highest indexed papers i.e. 14 (10.6%) belonged to the year 2011. While most journals, published only one article the highest indexed papers i.e. 35 (26.5%) belonged to Burns. There was an increasing trend in the number of self-immolation articles indexed in PubMed since 1965. Three journals i.e. Burns, Journal of Burn Care and Rehabilitation and Journal of Forensic Sciences hosted for more than 37% of all those indexed articles. However, given the increasing trend of self-immolation still more studies are needed to shed light on the diverse aspects of this appalling human behavior. © 2013 Tehran University of Medical Sciences. All rights reserved.

Anjamrooz S.H.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
International Journal of Physical Sciences | Year: 2011

The universe is in some sense a numerical holographic structure. About 15 billion years ago all of the matter and energy in the universe was concentrated into an area the size of a single atomic nucleus with a trinary organization and order. Then suddenly, the universe began to expand at an incredible rate, this event has been called the big bang. After the big bang the first source of matter is formed. Different form of energy, stem from the same type of occurrence, vibrations within matter. In other word everything started from matter. This includes the holographic trinity, which observes in all creation. This viewpoint shows an "implicit numerical order", where higher levels of order and organization may be holographically enfolded in the fabric of space and matter/energy. Therefore this paper presents a plausible theory of numerical holography to explain holographic concept of reality in an unexplained non-local trinity model. © 2011 Academic Journals.

Rezaeian M.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Burns | Year: 2013

One might categorize the method of committing suicide into fatal and non-fatal methods. One of the less recognized fatal methods of suicide is self-immolation or self-burn. In this article, a fresh look at the epidemiology of self-immolation around the world is taken. Furthermore, the case fatality rate and the prevention of suicides using self-immolation method are also discussed. © 2012 Elsevier Ltd and ISBI.

Jalalpour S.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Advances in Environmental Biology | Year: 2013

Background: Nosocomial infections (NIs), also called hospital-acquired infections are infections acquired during hospital care which are not present or incubating at admission. Food borne Illness remains a major global concern in all countries. Health care settings are an hospital environment where both infected persons and persons at increased risk of infection congregate. Staff hands and hospital surfaces have important role in spread and transmission Food borne Illness Bacteria in hospital. The subject of this study was survey effective sources of food borne illness in hospitalized patients. Methodology: Related papers to importance of staff hands and hospital surfaces in transmission Food borne Illness Bacteria in hospital were extracted of articles in Pubmed, Elsivier Science, and Yahoo from 1975 to 2013 years. For this study, key words which were search include hospital surfaces, staff hand, transmission Bacteria and Food borne Illness. Results: About important staff hands and hospital surfaces in transmission Food borne Illness Bacteria in hospital in all of articles, there is consensus that control Bacterial population in these sources, leading to control these Bacteria in hospital. Hospital surfaces can serve as reservoirs Foodborne Illness Bacteria such Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella, Clostridium perfringens, Campylobacter, Listeria monocytogenes, Vibrio parahaemolyticus, Bacillus cereus and Escherichia coli. Bacteria on hospital surfaces have low potential to spread and staff hands are the effective sources to transfer of these Bacteria. Discussion: Staff hands have very contact with hospital surfaces and are more sources to transmit bacteria into hospital. Keeping the staff hand and hospital surfaces clean has been considered to be most important tool in control of transmission Food borne Illness Bacteria. © 2013 AENSI Publisher All rights reserved.

Rezaeian M.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health | Year: 2011

Introduction. Suicide and homicide are considered to be lethal violent acts with a clear difference in their directions, that is, inwardly "killing oneself" or outwardly "killing another," respectively. There are some studies in which these 2 violent acts are considered under the same framework mostly within Western countries. This article for the first time investigates this issue throughout the world. Material and methods. The present study uses data that have been estimated by Global Burden of Disease (GBD) project for 2000 for the 6 different regions of the world proposed by WHO. The suicide/homicide ratio has been calculated by dividing the suicide rate by the sum of the suicide and homicide rates within each age and sex groups. Findings. Three distinct groups have emerged. In the first group, that is, Southeast Asia, Europe, and Western Pacific, lethal violence in both males and females usually directs inward whereas in the second group, that is, Africa, lethal violence in both males and females directs outward. In the third group, that is, America and Eastern Mediterranean, in males lethal violence generally directs outward whereas in females it often directs inward. Conclusion. Under the same framework if a factor causes external blame for the people's failures it will increase the likelihood that the suicide/homicide ratio is expressed as homicide and vice versa. Although this might explain the observed pattern to some extent, more in-depth studies are needed to better understand the causal root of the pattern. © 2011 APJPH.

Rezaeian M.,Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences
Violence and Victims | Year: 2012

A suicide cluster within a given community may be defined as a group of suicides or suicide attempts, or both, that happen closer together in time and space than would generally be expected. However, since the perception of clustering may itself be a risk factor for suicide, suicide clusters differ almost from all other event clusters. The aim of this article, therefore, is to discuss the unique pattern of suicide cluster and introduce a novel type of categorization taking into account varieties of studies, which investigate suicide clusters within diverse settings. This article concludes with challenging areas in suicide cluster studies and emphasizing that each community must deal rapidly and appropriately with any perceived suicide clusters. © 2012 Springer Publishing Company.

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