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Amit M.,Rambam Medical Center | Na'Ara S.,Rambam Medical Center | Binenbaum Y.,Rambam Medical Center | Billan S.,Radiology Institute | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base | Year: 2014

Objective Chordoma is a locally aggressive tumor. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of different surgical approaches and adjuvant radiation modalities used to treat these patients. Design Meta-analysis. Main Outcome Measures Overall survival (OS), disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free survival (PFS). Results The 5-year OS and PFS rates of the whole cohort (n = 467) were 86% and 65.7%, respectively. The 5-year DSS for patients who underwent open surgery and endoscopic surgery was 45% and 49%, respectively (p = 0.8); PFS was 94% and 79%, respectively (p = 0.11). The 5-year OS of patients treated with surgery followed by adjuvant radiotherapy was 90% compared with 70% of those treated by surgery alone (p = 0.24). Patients undergoing partial resection without adjuvant radiotherapy had a 5-year OS of 41% and a DSS of 45%, significantly lower than in the total-resection group (p = 0.0002 and p = 0.01, respectively). The complication rates were similar in the open and endoscopic groups. Conclusions Patients undergoing total resection have the best outcome; adjuvant radiation therapy improves the survival of patients undergoing partial resection. In view of the advantages of minimally invasive techniques, endoscopic surgery appears an appropriate surgical approach for this disease. © 2014 Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart. New York.

Keric N.,Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz | Eum D.J.,Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz | Eum D.J.,Red Cross | Afghanyar F.,Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz | And 7 more authors.
Journal of Robotic Surgery | Year: 2016

Robot-assisted percutaneous insertion of pedicle screws is a recent technique demonstrating high accuracy. The optimal treatment for spondylodiscitis is still a matter of debate. We performed a retrospective cohort study on surgical patients treated with pedicle screw/rod placement alone without the application of intervertebral cages. In this collective, we compare conventional open to a further minimalized percutaneous robot-assisted spinal instrumentation, avoiding a direct contact of implants and infectious focus. 90 records and CT scans of patients treated by dorsal transpedicular instrumentation of the infected segments with and without decompression and antibiotic therapy were analysed for clinical and radiological outcome parameters. 24 patients were treated by free-hand fluoroscopy-guided surgery (121 screws), and 66 patients were treated by percutaneous robot-assisted spinal instrumentation (341 screws). Accurate screw placement was confirmed in 90 % of robot-assisted and 73.5 % of free-hand placed screws. Implant revision due to misplacement was necessary in 4.95 % of the free-hand group compared to 0.58 % in the robot-assisted group. The average intraoperative X-ray exposure per case was 0.94 ± 1.04 min in the free-hand group vs. 0.4 ± 0.16 min in the percutaneous group (p = 0.000). Intraoperative adverse events were observed in 12.5 % of free-hand placed pedicle screws and 6.1 % of robot robot-assisted screws. The mean postoperative hospital stay in the free-hand group was 18.1 ± 12.9 days, and in percutaneous group, 13.8 ± 5.6 days (p = 0.012). This study demonstrates that the robot-guided insertion of pedicle screws is a safe and effective procedure in lumbar and thoracic spondylodiscitis with higher accuracy of implant placement, lower radiation dose, and decreased complication rates. Percutaneous spinal dorsal instrumentation seems to be sufficient to treat lumbar and thoracic spondylodiscitis. © 2016 Springer-Verlag London

Cavagna L.,University of Pavia | Caporali R.,University of Pavia | Abdi-Ali L.,IRCCS Foundation S. Maugeri | Dore R.,Radiology Institute | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Rheumatology | Year: 2013

Objective. To describe the longterm effectiveness and safety of cyclosporine (CYC) in patients with anti-Jo1-positive antisynthetase syndrome with corticosteroid-refractory interstitial lung disease (ILD). Methods. All patients with anti-Jo1 antisynthetase syndrome referred to our division between June 1991 and February 2010 were retrospectively evaluated for ILD. ILD was assessed using pulmonary function tests (PFT) and/or high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT). Kazerooni score was used to evaluate the HRCT extent of ILD. Prednisone was the first-line treatment in all cases (1 mg/kg/day orally, then tapering). Patients with corticosteroid-refractory or relapsing ILD were then included in this retrospective study. All patients started CYC (3 mg/kg/day) without increasing prednisone dosage. Both PFT and chest HRCT were regularly reassessed during followup. Results. Over the period of study we evaluated 18 patients with antisynthetase syndrome; 17 had ILD (13 women; median age at ILD onset 57 yrs); all patients failed prednisone within 12 months of ILD onset and subsequently started CYC. The median followup on CYC was 96 months [interquartile range (IQR) 57-120 mo]. Upon starting CYC, median forced vital capacity (FVC) was 60% (IQR 56%-70%), median DLCO 60% (IQR 50%-62.75%), and median Kazerooni score 16 (IQR 7-18). After 1 year of CYC, FVC (p = 0.0006), DLCO (p = 0.0010), and total Kazerooni score (p = 0.0002) improved and prednisone was tapered (median reduced from 25 mg/day to 2.5 mg/day; p < 0.0001). The results were substantially maintained including at last available followup. CYC side effects were hypertension (5 patients) and creatinine increase (6 patients). CYC was reduced in 3 cases and withdrawn in 4. Three out of 4 patients who interrupted CYC experienced ILD relapse; 2 patients recommenced low-dose CYC with subsequent ILD control. One patient refused re-treatment and subsequently died. Conclusion. CYC is effective and substantially safe in patients with anti-Jo1 antisynthetase syndrome with corticosteroid-refractory ILD. CYC withdrawal may be associated with ILD relapse, and low-dose CYC was effective in ILD control. The Journal of Rheumatology Copyright © 2013. All rights reserved.

Zach L.,Oncology Institute | Zach L.,Tel Aviv University | Guez D.,Advanced Technology Center | Last D.,Advanced Technology Center | And 14 more authors.
PLoS ONE | Year: 2012

The current standard of care for newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is resection followed by radiotherapy with concomitant and adjuvant temozolomide. Recent studies suggest that nearly half of the patients with early radiological deterioration post treatment do not suffer from tumor recurrence but from pseudoprogression. Similarly, a significant number of patients with brain metastases suffer from radiation necrosis following radiation treatments. Conventional MRI is currently unable to differentiate tumor progression from treatment-induced effects. The ability to clearly differentiate tumor from non-tumoral tissues is crucial for appropriate patient management. Ten patients with primary brain tumors and 10 patients with brain metastases were scanned by delayed contrast extravasation MRI prior to surgery. Enhancement subtraction maps calculated from high resolution MR images acquired up to 75 min after contrast administration were used for obtaining stereotactic biopsies. Histological assessment was then compared with the pre-surgical calculated maps. In addition, the application of our maps for prediction of progression was studied in a small cohort of 13 newly diagnosed GBM patients undergoing standard chemoradiation and followed up to 19.7 months post therapy. The maps showed two primary enhancement populations: the slow population where contrast clearance from the tissue was slower than contrast accumulation and the fast population where clearance was faster than accumulation. Comparison with histology confirmed the fast population to consist of morphologically active tumor and the slow population to consist of non-tumoral tissues. Our maps demonstrated significant correlation with perfusion-weighted MR data acquired simultaneously, although contradicting examples were shown. Preliminary results suggest that early changes in the fast volumes may serve as a predictor for time to progression. These preliminary results suggest that our high resolution MRI-based delayed enhancement subtraction maps may be applied for clear depiction of tumor and non-tumoral tissues in patients with primary brain tumors and patients with brain metastases. © 2012 Zach et al.

Hofer S.,Luzerner Kantonsspital | Kessler M.,Radiology Institute | Godau J.,Kantonsspital Uri | Weiler D.,Luzerner Kantonsspital | And 3 more authors.
Memo - Magazine of European Medical Oncology | Year: 2016

Intravascular lymphoma (IVL), a rare, extranodal form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), can cause infarcts by occluding small arteries of the brain. Owing to its heterogeneous clinical manifestations and unfavorable prognosis, the diagnosis is often made postmortem. Patients can present with a range of motor or sensory deficits, rapid cognitive impairment, aphasia or signs of myelitis, often with nonspecific radiographic findings.Timely recognition of a treatable disease is essential to prevent permanent neurocognitive defects. We present a case who could be treated successfully with chemotherapy. © 2016, Springer-Verlag Wien.

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