Radiation Therapy Unit


Radiation Therapy Unit

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Guedea F.,Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology | Ventura M.,Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology | Londres B.,Catalan Institute of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology | Pinillos L.,University of Lima | And 13 more authors.
Brachytherapy | Year: 2011

Purpose: Relatively little is known about available resources and patterns of practice for brachytherapy (BT) in Latin America. To rectify this situation, we performed a patterns-of-care survey whose aim was to assess the human and material resources available for BT in Latin America and document current clinical practices. Methods and Materials: A total of 392 radiotherapy (RT) centers located in 17 Latin American countries were asked to complete an online survey that included detailed questions about BT practices, facilities, and staffing. The study was coordinated through central offices located in Spain and Peru. National coordinators were appointed to manage the survey in each individual country. Results: Overall, 77 of the 392 institutions (20%) completed the questionnaire. Of the 14 countries with at least one response, the participation rate was 35% (77 of 223 RT centers). The average number of patients (RT. +. BT) per center was 917. The mean number of BT patients per center increased by 46% (from 105 to 153 patients) from 2002 to 2007. Gynecologic localizations (endometrium, cervix, and vagina) accounted for 95% of treatments, and the uterine cervix was the most common tumor site (75% of all treatments). Conclusions: In Latin America, BT is most commonly used to treat gynecologic tumors, particularly of the cervix. Relatively few interventions were performed for breast and prostate. This was the first study of its kind in this region and should be repeated periodically. © 2011 American Brachytherapy Society.

Lombardi L.,Oncology Unit | Troiano M.,Radiation Therapy Unit | Silvestris N.,Italian National Cancer Institute | Nanni L.,Oncology Unit | And 6 more authors.
Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Targets | Year: 2012

Introduction: Of all the carcinomas, pancreatic carcinoma (PC) has the highest mortality rate, with a 1- and 5-year survival rate of 25% and less than 5% respectively. This is regardless of the stage at diagnosis. Areas covered: In this review relevant literature assessing the evidence regarding preoperative and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy (CRT) is discussed. Furthermore, new therapeutic approaches are summarized, while the future direction regarding the multimodality approach to PC is also discussed. Expert opinion: The role of combined-modality therapy for PC is continuously evolving. There have been several recent developments, as well as the completion of major, multi-institutional clinical trials. One of the challenges for the busy clinician is to appreciate the variation in staging, surgical expertise, and application of either definitive CRT or neo-adjuvant CRT for local and/or borderline disease. © Informa UK, Ltd.

Laffin N.,Radiation Therapy Unit | Laffin N.,Townsville Hospital | Laffin N.,James Cook University | Smyth W.,Townsville Hospital | And 8 more authors.
Cancer Nursing | Year: 2015

Inconsistent evidence about product effectiveness to prevent moist desquamation during radiation treatment and minimal research about the acceptability to patients of recommended products prompted this study. Objective: This randomized controlled trial compared the effectiveness of 2 creams at minimizing the incidence of moist desquamation in a tropical setting and explored which product was most acceptable to patients receiving radiation treatment. Methods: Participants (n = 255) were stratified according to breast or chest wall radiation treatment and randomly allocated to use a moisturizing or barrier cream. Nurses assessed radiation skin reactions weekly with a standardized grading system, and patients were telephoned 1 month after completing treatment for a final skin assessment. Participants completed an Acceptability Survey at similar times. Results: At treatment completion, 15% of participants had moist desquamation. An additional 26% self-reported this at follow-up. Risk factors for moist desquamation included increased breast cup size and body mass index. The barrier cream significantly reduced the incidence of moist desquamation during treatment in patients receiving radiation to the chest wall (22 = 3.93, P =.047). Participants preferred the barrier cream over the moisturizer (22 = 5.81, P =.02) during treatment. Conclusions: This study identified a relatively high incidence of moist desquamation in patients receiving radiation therapy for breast cancer. Future patients will have information about product effectiveness in minimizing moist desquamation when choosing skin care products. Implications for Practice: Structured discharge planning and patient education need to include information about factors that contribute to the likelihood of developing moist desquamation. © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc.

Franco P.,TomoTherapy | Ciammella P.,Radiation Therapy Unit | Peruzzo Cornetto A.,Ospedale Regionale U. Parini | De Bari B.,University of Brescia | And 4 more authors.
Medical Oncology | Year: 2013

In order to evaluate the perceived quality of training and education among young Italian radiation oncologists (age <40), AIRO Giovani (Italian Association of Radiation Oncology-Young Members Working Group) carried out a nationwide online survey in 2011, employing a 63-item-based questionnaire, addressed to physician's self-perception of personal training experience (during decade 2001-2011). Issues explored investigated demographics data, duration/organization/content/characteristics of residency programs, the quality of education in clinical oncology, radiation oncology, management and communication attitudes. A total of 382 questionnaires were sent out to physicians and 217 (56.8 %) were returned with 197 (51.6 %) appropriately filled in and considered for the analysis. The general perception of education and training is positive in most of the explored fields, however some specific contexts and skills still require optimization (combination therapy, peculiar clinical scenarios, particular radiotherapy technical issues, structural organization of residency programs). The present report is expected to be useful for residents, program directors and scientific societies (such as AIRO), to further continue the effort in the improvement of training in radiation oncology. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York.

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