Woo H.H.,University of Sydney |
Begbie S.,Macquarie University |
Gogna K.,Materials Radiation Oncology Center |
Mainwaring P.N.,ICON Cancer Care |
And 4 more authors.
Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology | Year: 2014
Abiraterone improves survival, relieves pain, improves quality of life and extends time to prostate-specific antigen (PSA) progression in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). A consensus-based guide for using abiraterone in patients with mCRPC has been developed by Australian clinicians with expertise in prostate cancer, based on their experience and supported by published data. Recommendations were developed for eight key topics: abiraterone administration; steroid administration and duration of use; concomitant medications and drug interactions; timing of testing and monitoring response; safety in different populations; potential toxicities; precautions and contraindications; and referral and multidisciplinary care. Abiraterone is taken orally in a fasting state. Symptoms associated with mineralocorticoid excess are managed by coadministration of low-dose prednisone or prednisolone. Potassium levels, blood pressure and liver function need to be tested frequently during the early treatment phase. Response to treatment is monitored based on symptoms, radiological imaging and PSA levels. Potential adverse consequences of long-term steroid therapy on bone and metabolic health need to be screened for and managed. Advanced prostate cancer is best managed by a multidisciplinary team and early referral should be considered. Questions about the potential use of abiraterone in early disease and in combination with other therapies are being addressed in ongoing clinical trials. © 2014 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd.
Ramsay J.R.,Materials Radiation Oncology Center |
Suhrbier A.,Post Office Royal Brisbane Hospital |
Suhrbier A.,Griffith University |
Aylward J.H.,Peplin Biotech Ltd |
And 8 more authors.
British Journal of Dermatology | Year: 2011
Background The sap from Euphorbia peplus, commonly known as petty spurge in the U.K. or radium weed in Australia, has been used as a traditional treatment for a number of cancers. Objective To determine the effectiveness of E. peplus sap in a phase I/II clinical study for the topical treatment of basal cell carcinomas (BCC), squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and intraepidermal carcinomas (IEC). Methods Thirty-six patients, who had refused, failed or were unsuitable for conventional treatment, were enrolled in a phase I/II clinical study. A total of 48 skin cancer lesions were treated topically with 100-300 μL of E. peplus sap once daily for 3 days. Results The complete clinical response rates at 1 month were 82% (n = 28) for BCC, 94% (n = 16) for IEC and 75% (n = 4) for SCC. After a mean follow-up of 15 months these rates were 57%, 75% and 50%, respectively. For superficial lesions < 16 mm, the response rates after follow-up were 100% for IEC (n = 10) and 78% for BCC (n = 9). Conclusions The clinical responses for these relatively unfavourable lesions (43% had failed previous treatments, 35% were situated in the head and neck region and 30% were > 2 cm in diameter), are comparable with existing nonsurgical treatments. An active ingredient of E. peplus sap has been identified as ingenol mebutate (PEP005). This clinical study affirms community experience with E. peplus sap, and supports further clinical development of PEP005 for the treatment of BCC, SCC and IEC. © 2011 The Authors. BJD © 2011 British Association of Dermatologists.