Rabat Institute

Rabat, Morocco

Rabat Institute

Rabat, Morocco
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Abdelkoui A.,Rabat Institute | Lakhssassi N.,ITI Study Club de Rabat | Merzouk N.,Mohammed V University | Berrada S.,Mohammed V University
Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery | Year: 2017

Introduction Edentulous patients often hope for stable and retentive prostheses. In very unfavorable anatomophysiological circumstances, the implant-retained removable full denture is a simple and reliable option that considerably optimizes the prosthetic balance. We present the case of one of those patients taken in charge in our department. Observation A full edentulous 82 years old male patient was referred for a prosthetic rehabilitation. He presented with a negative mandibular crest and a very tonic peri-prosthetic musculature in the anterior region. He refused a bone augmentation surgery; we performed a piezographic mandibular prosthesis retained by a single symphyseal implant in a lingual position. The denture was stable and retentive. Comfort and masticatory efficiency were satisfactory and the psychological integration of the prosthesis was improved. Discussion Several studies focusing on octogenarian patients concluded that a complete removable denture retained by a single symphyseal implant is a simple, efficient and cost-effective option. Studies including more patients are needed. © 2017 Elsevier Masson SAS

Bassi F.M.,Rabat Institute | Finckh M.R.,University of Kassel
Phytopathologia Mediterranea | Year: 2017

The virulence of 135 single-spore isolates of Pyrenophora tritici-repentis, collected from durum wheat fields representing most of the major agro-ecological zones of Morocco from 2013 to 2015, was assessed on six international differential wheat genotypes under controlled conditions. Races 1, 5, 6 and 7 were identified with races 5 and 6 being most frequent, representing 47% and 44% of isolates tested, respectively. Only eight isolates (6%) collected at two research stations and a farm field near a station in 2014 and 2015 were race 1, while three isolates collected in 2014 in a farm field in north-eastern Morocco were race 7. The uniform race structure in farm fields may be due to overreliance on a limited and narrow genetic base for durum wheat crops in Morocco. However, the identification of four races is significant since P. tritici-repentis can generate new combinations of virulence, thereby increasing race diversity. Combined with the low wheat diversity this may lead to future severe disease epidemics. © 2017 Author(s).

Hajlaoui A.,University of Sfax | Jarraya A.,University of Sfax | El Bikri K.,Rabat Institute | Dammak F.,University of Sfax
Composite Structures | Year: 2015

In this paper, the buckling behavior of functionally graded material (FGM) structures is investigated using the enhanced assumed strain (EAS) solid-shell element based on first-order shear deformation concept. Thus, a computational algorithm, for any type of laminates composites and/or FGM, is proposed for the shear correction factors estimation. Material properties are varied continuously in the thickness direction according to different distributions. This finite element is used to study the buckling behavior of FGM structures and to investigate the influence of same parameters on the buckling load. Comparisons of numerical results among existing ones show the performance of the developed elements. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Van Dooren I.,University of Antwerp | Faouzi M.E.A.,Rabat Institute | Foubert K.,University of Antwerp | Theunis M.,University of Antwerp | And 3 more authors.
Journal of Ethnopharmacology | Year: 2015

Abstract Etnopharmacological relevance Infusions of Herniaria hirsuta L., Herniaria glabra L. and Herniaria fontanesii J.Gay are well known in Moroccon folk medicine for the treatment of biliary dyskinesia, (uro)lithiasis or as a diuretic. Herniariae Herba which can contain H. glabra and H. hirsuta is known in Europe as an urological drug. Aim of the study To investigate the efficacy of a standardized infusion of Herniaria hirsuta against choleltihiasis, and evaluation of its genotoxicity. Methods and materials An analytical HPLC-UV method to quantify flavonoids and saponins present in the extract of H. hirsuta was developed and validated. An in vivo experiment to evaluate the cholesterol lowering effect of a infusion of H. hirsuta in the gall bladder of dogs was carried out. Dogs were divided into 3 groups i.e. control dogs (CG), dogs treated with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA) (2×7.35 mg/kg body weight/day) and dogs treated with the standardized infusion (HG) (2×48.5 mg/kg body weight/day). Dogs were fed a fatty diet during 120 days after which a diet without additional fat was introduced till day 180. Treatment started 30 days after introduction of the fatty diet and lasted till the end of the experiment. A bile and blood sample of each dog was collected every 30 days, after which the concentration of cholesterol was determined. An Ames test was performed according to the OECD-guidelines. Results The validated HPLC-UV method showed a linear calibration model and an acceptable precision for the total flavonoid content (total content 4.51%) as well as the total saponin content (12.74%). The in vivo experiments already showed a minor difference for bile cholesterol between CG and HG after 30 days of treatment with the infusion, and the difference was more pronounced after 90 days of treatment. Even 30 days after discontinuation of the cholesterol-rich diet a significant difference remained between CG and HG. There was no statistically significant difference in blood cholesterol. The Ames test showed that the infusion of H. hirsuta could be considered as being free from genotoxic risks. Conclusion A method for the standardization of a infusion of Herniaria hirsuta was developed and validated. Prolonged use of this standardized H. hirsuta extract resulted in a cholesterol-lowering effect in the bile of dogs. Since this pharmacological effect prevents the formation of gallstones and can contribute to solving existing gallstones, a standardized infusion of H. hirsuta may have a positive effect in the treatment of gallstones in human patients. © 2015 Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Narwal S.,ICAR Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research | Kumar D.,ICAR Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research | Sheoran S.,ICAR Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research | Verma R.P.S.,Rabat Institute | Gupta R.K.,ICAR Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research
Journal of Food Science and Technology | Year: 2017

In this study, efforts were made to utilize hulless barley (variety BHS352) to enhance the nutritive value of chapatti and biscuit made from wheat flour. Barley flour was added to wheat flour in different ratios (5 to 30%). Antioxidant activity, total phenolic content and β-glucan content were determined both in flour blends and their products. Changes in physical quality and taste of chapatti and biscuits after blending of hulless barley flour with wheat flour were measured. The chapatti quality score decreased by 15% and biscuit spread factor by 33% after 30% barley flour blending. Significant increase in β-glucan content and antioxidant activity of flour blends and their products was observed at 30% blending level. The phenolic content increased from 63 to 135 µg for biscuits and 237 to 287 ug GAE/g for chapatti with blending of 30% barley flour. © 2017 Association of Food Scientists & Technologists (India)

Michard A.,Paris West University Nanterre La Défense | Soulaimani A.,Cadi Ayyad University | Hoepffner C.,Mohammed V University | Ouanaimi H.,Cadi Ayyad University | And 3 more authors.
Tectonophysics | Year: 2010

This work is based on the compilation and re-evaluation of the most significant data, either personal or from the literature, concerning the Moroccan Variscides. The latter constitute the only, moderately disturbed or even undisturbed part of the South-Western Branch of the Variscan Belt, facing directly NW Gondwana. They include two orogenic segments, namely the northern Mauritanides and the Meseta Domain exposed in the Saharan and Atlas-Meseta regions respectively, and a foreland belt cropping out essentially in the Anti-Atlas. The eastward thrust units of Saharan Morocco (Oulad Dlim) mostly originate from the West African Craton (WAC) border in an area of thin Palaeozoic sedimentation. Thin-skinned fold-thrust foreland arcs develop progressively northward (Zemmour) at the expense of the increasingly thick Palaeozoic series, whereas thick-skinned deformation characterizes the inverted proximal paleomargin in the Anti-Atlas Domain. As suggested by the Meseta and Anti-Atlas stratigraphic similarities, the Meseta Domain corresponds to a collage of moderately displaced, thinned crustal blocks from the distal Gondwana paleomargin. Variscan deformation is dominated by NW-verging thrusts, and metamorphism developed in the thickened tectonic prism in relation with crustal anatexis at depth. The Meseta-Anti-Atlas boundary is a major, ENE-trending transpressional dextral fault referred to as the South Meseta Fault (SMF). Discussing the correlations between the Variscan segments of Morocco and SW Iberia allows us to suggest that a latitudinal transform zone similar to the SMF separated these segments during the Late Palaeozoic. Subduction of the Rheic Ocean crust would have been directed SE-ward along both the Iberian and Moroccan Meseta, and NW-ward south of the SMF, i.e. along the WAC. © 2010 Elsevier B.V.

Khattabi A.,Madinate Al Irfane Rabat Institute | Khattabi A.,Université Ibn Tofail | Soulaymani-Bencheikh R.,Madinate Al Irfane Rabat Institute | Soulaymani-Bencheikh R.,Rabat Institute | And 4 more authors.
Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene | Year: 2011

The objective of our consensus process was to develop a unique classification of the natural history of scorpion stings and their clinical signs and symptoms. The technique used was an adapted Delphi approach completed by a nominal group meeting. Researchers included in a study received a questionnaire in which we listed all terms used in published studies to characterize clinical consequences of scorpion stings and all signs and symptoms belonging to each class. For each term, experts had to judge the relevance for classifying clinical consequences of scorpion stings and state whether they agreed with the terminology; they could also propose new terms or classes. For each sign or symptom, they had to choose in which class it belonged and also propose if any other sign or symptom should be added. Sixteen researchers participated. Consensus was reached to include four classes: local manifestations; minor systemic manifestations; major systemic manifestations; lethal envenomation. Signs and symptoms associated with each class were defined. A second Delphi round is planned to define indicators to follow the epidemiological situation within and across countries and to develop recommendations for an optimal management of scorpion envenomations. These consensus-based tools should facilitate development of international clinical studies. © 2011 Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Oukerroum A.,CNRS Condensed Matter Physics Laboratory | Feddi E.,Rabat Institute | Bosch Bailach J.,University of Valencia | Martinez-Pastor J.,University of Valencia | And 2 more authors.
Journal of Physics Condensed Matter | Year: 2010

The effect of a lateral external electric field F on an exciton ground state in an InAs disc-shaped quantum dot has been studied using a variational method within the effective mass approximation. We consider that the radial dimension of the disc is very large compared to its height. This situation leads to separating the excitonie Hamiltonian into two independent parts: the lateral confinement which corresponds to a two-dimensional harmonic oscillator and an infinite square well in the growth direction. Our calculations show that the complete description of the lateral Stark shift requires both the linear and quadratic terms in F which explains that the exciton possess nonzero lateral dipolar moment and polarizability. The fit of the calculated Stark shift permits us to estimate the lateral permanent dipole moment and the polarizability according to the disc size. Our results are compared to those existing in the literature. In addition the behavior of the optical integral shows that the exciton lifetime is greater than that under zero field which is due to the field-induced polarization. © 2010 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Ahmed S.,Rabat Institute | Abang M.M.,FAO Representation in Ethiopia | Maalouf F.,International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas
Crop Protection | Year: 2016

Integrated disease management options (two sowing dates, three fungicides and 3-6 faba bean genotypes) in managing Ascochyta blight affecting faba bean were evaluated for three cropping seasons (2006/07-2008/09) in northern Syria for their effects on disease parameters, seed infection and dry seed yield. The combined results of the three seasons on disease parameters showed that sowing dates significantly affected final disease severity and area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC); faba bean genotypes significantly affected final disease severity, rate of disease development and AUDPC. The highest AUDPC (255% days) was observed in early than late planted (168% days) faba bean genotypes. The mean AUDPC of faba bean genotypes ranged from 189% days on genotype 1053-1325 to 234% days on ILB-1814. Only faba bean genotypes and fungicides showed significant interactions in affecting final disease severity and AUDPC. Fungicide sprays significantly affected mean percent pod infection and rate of disease development but not mean percent seed infection. Faba bean genotypes showed significant differences in dry seed yield and the yield ranged from 1.7 t ha-1 in cv. Ascot to 2.4 t ha-1 in faba bean genotype 945-105. Improved varieties with Ascochyta blight resistance are not currently released and available for farmers in northern Syria and the integration of early planting (November-December) with one foliar fungicide spray at vegetative stage can help to reduce Ascochyta blight severity, pod and seed infections. Chlorothalonil and azoxystrobin are widely used fungicides to manage Ascochyta blights on food legumes in many countries and one of them could be used depending on their availability and costs to managing faba bean Ascochyta blight in Syria and other Mediterranean type environments. © 2015 Elsevier Ltd.

Benzaggagh M.,Moulay Ismaï University | Mokhtari A.,Moulay Ismaï University | Rossi P.,Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières | Michard A.,Paris West University Nanterre La Défense | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Geodynamics | Year: 2014

The aim of this paper is to describe the mafic rocks that crop out in the central-western Mesorif Zone (External Rif Belt), and discuss their geodynamic signification. Basalt flows, olistoliths and breccias occur in Oxfordian-Berriasian deposits of Mesorif units ascribed to the distal part of the African paleomargin. The climax of volcanic activity is observed at the northern border of a Kimmeridgian carbonate platform progressively dismembered during the Tithonian-Berriasian. In spite of the alteration of the basalts, their petrological and geochemical characters point to E-MORB affinities. The studied gabbro massifs (Bou Adel, Kef el Rhar west and north) occur as restricted slivers or klippes within the Senhadja nappe or mélange of the internal Mesorif, which overlies the basalt-bearing units and other, more external Mesorif units. The compositions range from troctolitic olivine gabbro to ferrogabbro with frequent ortho- to heteradcumulate textures; they display typical tholeiitic affinity. The gabbro massifs are crosscut by trondjhemite dykes and overlain by metabasalts, fault-scarp breccias, ophicalcites, marbles and radiolarites. Composition featuring initial near liquid composition, display multi elements patterns close to those of E-MORB, with a weak Eu negative anomaly and evidence of slight crustal contamination. These gabbro massifs were regarded as Jurassic-Cretaceous intrusions, locally dated (K-Ar) at 166. ± 3. Ma. Conversely, we assume they represent discrete samples of a Jurassic-Cretaceous oceanic basement (ophiolites), emplaced tectonically in the Senhadja nappe (mélange) of the central Mesorif. The correlation of both these types of mafic rock associations (paleomargin basalts and ophiolite klippes) with the serpentinites of the eastern Mesorif (Beni Malek) and Oran mountains (Algeria) is then briefly discussed. We conclude that the previous hypothesis of an intramargin "Mesorif suture zone" must be reconsidered, being challenged by that of a major, syn-collisional "Oran-Mesorif Strike-Slip Fault". In the latter hypothesis, the newly described Mesorif oceanic klippes would represent allochthonous remnants of the Ligurian-Maghrebian (Tethyan) oceanic domain. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

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