Quimica Inorganica DEC

Montevideo, Uruguay

Quimica Inorganica DEC

Montevideo, Uruguay

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Facchin G.,Quimica Inorganica DEC | Veiga N.,Quimica Inorganica DEC | Kramer M.G.,Institute Higiene | Batista A.A.,Federal University of São Carlos | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry | Year: 2016

In the search for new cytotoxic drugs, two copper complexes with isomeric dipeptides (Ala-Phe and Phe-Ala) were developed in order to determine the influence of their different structures in the modulation of the chemical, biochemical and biological properties. Spectroscopic, voltammetric and equilibrium studies were performed providing information about the chemical properties. The superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity was studied and showed differences of IC50 for both Cu-Ala-Phe (IC50 =4.5) and Cu-Phe-Ala (IC50 =45). The computational results permitted to explain this behavior proposing that it is feasible that the O2 - anion is attracted straight to the positive zone in Cu-Ala-Phe whereas for Cu-Phe-Ala this phenomenon would happen to a smaller extent. Confirming our previous studies, both complexes interacted with DNA. Molecular docking studies showed that the position of the phenyl ring modulates the complex-DNA affinity and in Cu-Ala-Phe the docked conformation allows the copper ion to face the DNA basis, giving rise to a more stable complex-DNA adduct than for Cu-Phe-Ala. In spite of the fact that Atomic Force Microscopy showed plasmid compactation and aggregation for both complexes, the image showed softer changes in the case of Cu-Ala-Phe in comparison with those produced by Cu-Phe-Ala. In order to evaluate the effect of Cu-Ala-Phe and Cu-Phe-Ala complexes against tumor cells, we have employed three aggressive metastatic breast adenocarcinoma cellular models, derived from human (MDA-MB-231 and MCF-7) and mouse (4T1) spontaneous tumors.These experiments showed that both Cu-dipeptide complexes have a similar cytotoxic effect against breast cancer cells, and lower toxicity against BJ non-tumor cells in comparison to Cisplatin. © 2016 Elsevier Inc.


Mondelli M.,Quimica Inorganica DEC | Pavan F.,São Paulo State University | De Souza P.C.,São Paulo State University | Leite C.Q.,São Paulo State University | And 4 more authors.
Journal of Molecular Structure | Year: 2013

Nowadays, the research for new and better antimicrobial compounds is an important field due to the increase of immunocompromised patients, the use of invasive medical procedures and extensive surgeries, among others, that can affect the incidence of infections. Another big problem associated is the occurrence of drug-resistant microbial strains that impels a ceaseless search for new antimicrobial agents. In this context, a series of heterocyclic- sulfonamide complexes with Co(II) was synthesized and characterized with the aim of obtaining new antimicrobial compounds. The structural characterization was performed using different spectroscopic methods (UV-Vis, IR, and EPR). In spite of the fact that the general stoichiometry for all the complexes was Co(sulfonamide)2·nH2O, the coordination atoms were different depending on the coordinated sulfonamide. The crystal structure of [Co(sulfamethoxazole)2(H2O)2]·H 2O was obtained by X-ray diffraction showing that Co(II) is in a slightly tetragonal distorted octahedron where sulfamethoxazole molecules act as a head-to-tail bridges between two cobalt atoms, forming polymeric chains. Besides, the activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, one of the responsible for tuberculosis, and the cytotoxicity on J774A.1 macrophage cells were evaluated. © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


PubMed | Quimica Inorganica DEC, University of Sao Paulo, Fisica DETEMA and Microbiologia BIOCLIN
Type: | Journal: Journal of inorganic biochemistry | Year: 2015

Xylitol (xylH5) is metabolized via the pentose pathway in humans, but it is unsuitable as an energy source for many microorganisms where it produces a xylitol-induced growth inhibition and disturbance in protein synthesis. For this reason, xylitol is used in the prophylaxis of several infections. In the search of better antimicrobial agents, new copper and zinc complexes with xylitol were synthesized and characterized by analytical and spectrosco pic methods: Na2[Cu3(xylH4)2]NaCl4.5H2O (Cu-xyl) and [Zn4(xylH4)2(H2O)2]NaCl3H2O (Zn-xyl). Both copper and zinc complexes presented higher MIC against Pseudomona aeruginosa than the free xylitol while two different behaviors were found against Candida albicans depending on the complex. The growth curves showed that Cu-xyl presented lower activity than the free ligand during all the studied period. In the case of Znxyl the growth curves showed that the inhibition of the microorganism growth in the first stage was equivalent to that of xylitol but in the second stage (after 18 h) Zn-xyl inhibited more. Besides, the PAE (post agent effect)obtained for Zn-xyl and xyl showed that the recovery from the damage of microbial cells had a delay of 14 and 13 h respectively. This behavior could be useful in prophylaxis treatments for infectious diseases where it is important that the antimicrobial effect lasts longer. With the aim to understand the microbiological activities the analysis of the particle size, lipophilicity and Zn uptake was performed.


Santi E.,Quimica Inorganica DEC | Viera I.,Quimica Inorganica DEC | Mombru A.,Laboratorio Of Cristalografia | Castiglioni J.,Fisicoquimica DETEMA | And 2 more authors.
Biological Trace Element Research | Year: 2011

Five new copper and zinc heteroleptic complexes with saccharin and aminoacids with general stoichiometry Na 2[M(sac) 2(aa) 2]·nH 2O (M denotes Cu or Zn, sac the saccharinate ion, and aa the aminoacids) were synthesized and characterized by elemental and thermogravimetric analysis, conductimetric measurements and IR, Raman and UV-vis spectroscopies. In all the complexes, copper and zinc ions coordinated with the aminoacids through the terminal amine and carboxylate residues and with saccharin through the heterocyclic nitrogen atom. Besides, the superoxide dismutase-like activity of the heteroleptic copper complexes was evaluated and compared with the homoleptic copper amino acid complexes with the aim to observe the influence of the saccharin coordination. © 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC.


PubMed | Quimica Inorganica DEC
Type: Journal Article | Journal: Biological trace element research | Year: 2011

Five new copper and zinc heteroleptic complexes with saccharin and aminoacids with general stoichiometry Na(2)[M(sac)(2)(aa)(2)].nH(2)O (M denotes Cu or Zn, sac the saccharinate ion, and aa the aminoacids) were synthesized and characterized by elemental and thermogravimetric analysis, conductimetric measurements and IR, Raman and UV-vis spectroscopies. In all the complexes, copper and zinc ions coordinated with the aminoacids through the terminal amine and carboxylate residues and with saccharin through the heterocyclic nitrogen atom. Besides, the superoxide dismutase-like activity of the heteroleptic copper complexes was evaluated and compared with the homoleptic copper amino acid complexes with the aim to observe the influence of the saccharin coordination.

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