Queensland University of Technology is a research university in Brisbane, Australia. QUT is located on three campuses in the Brisbane area: Gardens Point, Kelvin Grove, and Caboolture. The university has approximately 35,000 undergraduate students and 5,000 post graduate students, of which 6,000 are international students. It has over 4 000 staff members, and an annual budget of more than AU$750 million.QUT ranks within the top 10 Australian Universities and the upper 3 per cent world-wide. QUT has been ranked as Australia's best university under 50 years of age by the Times Higher Education Top 100, and ranks 26th globally in that category. The university in its current form was founded 1989, when the then Queensland Institute of Technology merged with the Brisbane College of Advanced Education. Wikipedia.
Srinivasan M.V.,Queensland University of Technology
Annual Review of Entomology | Year: 2010
Among the so-called simpler organisms, the honey bee is one of the few examples of an animal with a highly evolved social structure, a rich behavioral repertoire, an exquisite navigational system, an elaborate communication system, and an extraordinary ability to learn colors, shapes, fragrances, and navigational routes quickly and accurately. This review examines vision and complex visually mediated behavior in the honey bee, outlining the structure and function of the compound eyes, the perception and discrimination of colors and shapes, the learning of complex tasks, the ability to establish and exploit complex associations, and the capacity to abstract general principles from a task and apply them to tackle novel situations. All this is accomplished by a brain that weighs less than a milligram and carries fewer than a million neurons, thus making the bee a promising subject in which to study a variety of fundamental questions about behavior and brain function. © 2010 by Annual Reviews All rights reserved.
Abbosh A.,Queensland University of Technology
IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation | Year: 2013
A quasi-Yagi antenna that has an ultra-wideband performance is presented. To enable that performance, the antenna utilizes a dual-resonant driver and a balun formed using a stepped-impedance coupled structure. The driver is designed to be dual-resonant by loading it with an inductor in the form of short section of narrow microstrip line at a certain position. The balun includes a T-junction of microstrip lines and two pairs of stepped-impedance coupled lines. The simulated and measured performance of the integrated antenna indicate less than -10 reflection coefficient, 3.6-4.5 dBi gain, 13-17 dB front-to-back ratio, less than cross-polarization and more than 90% efficiency across more than 75% fractional bandwidth centered at 7.5 GHz. © 2013 IEEE.
Milford M.,Queensland University of Technology
International Journal of Robotics Research | Year: 2013
In this paper we use the algorithm SeqSLAM to address the question, how little and what quality of visual information is needed to localize along a familiar route? We conduct a comprehensive investigation of place recognition performance on seven datasets while varying image resolution (primarily 1 to 512 pixel images), pixel bit depth, field of view, motion blur, image compression and matching sequence length. Results confirm that place recognition using single images or short image sequences is poor, but improves to match or exceed current benchmarks as the matching sequence length increases. We then present place recognition results from two experiments where low-quality imagery is directly caused by sensor limitations; in one, place recognition is achieved along an unlit mountain road by using noisy, long-exposure blurred images, and in the other, two single pixel light sensors are used to localize in an indoor environment. We also show failure modes caused by pose variance and sequence aliasing, and discuss ways in which they may be overcome. By showing how place recognition along a route is feasible even with severely degraded image sequences, we hope to provoke a re-examination of how we develop and test future localization and mapping systems. © The Author(s) 2013.
Atchison D.A.,Queensland University of Technology
Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science | Year: 2012
Purpose. To use a large wave-front database of a clinical population to investigate relationships between refractions and higher-order aberrations and between aberrations of right and left eyes. Methods. Third- and fourth-order aberration coefficients and higher-order root-mean-squared aberrations (HO RMS), scaled to a pupil size of 4.5-mm diameter, were analyzed in a population of approximately 24,000 patients from Carl Zeiss Vision's European wave-front database. Correlations were determined between the aberrations and the variables of refraction, near addition, and cylinder. Results. Most aberration coefficients were significantly dependent upon these variables, but the proportion of aberrations that could be explained by these factors was less than 2% except for spherical aberration (12%), horizontal coma (9%), and HO RMS (7%). Near addition was the major contributor for horizontal coma (8.5% out of 9.5%) and spherical equivalent was the major contributor for spherical aberration (7.7% out of 11.6%). Interocular correlations were highly significant for all aberration coefficients, varying between 0.16 and 0.81. Anisometropia was a variable of significance for three aberrations (vertical coma, secondary astigmatism, and tetra-foil), but little importance can be placed on this finding because of the small proportion of aberrations that can be explained by refraction (all <1.0%).Conclusions. Most third- and fourth-order aberration coefficients were significantly dependent upon spherical equivalent, near addition, and cylinder, but only horizontal coma (9%) and spherical aberration (12%) showed dependencies greater than 2%. Interocular correlations were highly significant for all aberration coefficients, but anisometropia had little influence on aberration coefficients. © 2012 The Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology, Inc.
Read S.A.,Queensland University of Technology
Investigative ophthalmology & visual science | Year: 2013
We examined choroidal thickness (ChT) and its spatial distribution across the posterior pole in pediatric subjects with normal ocular health and minimal refractive error. ChT was assessed using spectral domain optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 194 children aged 4 to 12 years, with spherical equivalent refractive errors between +1.25 and -0.50 diopters sphere (DS). A series of OCT scans were collected, imaging the choroid along 4 radial scan lines centered on the fovea (each separated by 45°). Frame averaging was used to reduce noise and enhance chorioscleral junction visibility. The transverse scale of each scan was corrected to account for magnification effects associated with axial length. Two independent masked observers segmented the OCT images manually to determine ChT at foveal center, and averaged across a series of perifoveal zones over the central 5 mm. The average subfoveal ChT was 330 ± 65 μm (range, 189-538 μm), and was influenced significantly by age (P = 0.04). The ChT of the 4- to 6-year-old age group (312 ± 62 μm) was significantly thinner compared to the 7- to 9-year-olds (337 ± 65 μm, P < 0.05) and bordered on significance compared to the 10- to 12-year-olds (341 ± 61 μm, P = 0.08). ChT also exhibited significant variation across the posterior pole, being thicker in more central regions. The choroid was thinner nasally and inferiorly compared to temporally and superiorly. Multiple regression analysis revealed age, axial length, and anterior chamber depth were associated significantly with subfoveal ChT (P < 0.001). ChT increases significantly from early childhood to adolescence. This appears to be a normal feature of childhood eye growth.